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Comprehensive Graphic Design Glossary

In the interactive table below you can find all sorts of definitions for terms even remotely related to graphic design. For a more technical definition and other information, click on the name of the term to be taken to a hand-picked website. This is one of the most comprehensive list of definitions available online; terms range from file extensions to concepts and everything in between. If I've forgotten a term, or if you know of a better source for more information or tutorial, please contact me! If you are a student and this huge list of definitions made your vocabulary assignment a breeze, clicking the banner ad to the right is a great way of saying "thanks". I will continue to add definitions to make this the most comprehensive graphic design glossary online!

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Compiled by Chris Blakley | Gearside Creative
1080p aspect ratioGeneral1080p1080p is a commonly accepted standard in digital resolution among digital displays. The 1080p is a jargon term refering to 1920 pixels in width and 1080 pixels in height with the p meaning progessive video.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
720p aspect ratioGeneral720p720p is a progressive HDTV signal format with 720 horizontal lines and an aspect ratio (AR) of 16:9 (1.78:1). HDTV broadcasting standards include a 720p format which has a resolution of 1280×720.Terms compiled at
Extrude and Bevel 3d effectsIllustratorExtrude & BevelA 3d effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Revolve 3d effectsIllustratorRevolveA 3d effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Rotate 3d effectsIllustratorRotateA 3d effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Go to
BevelGeneralBevelA bevelled edge refers to an edge of a structure that is not perpendicular to the faces of the piece. The words bevel and chamfer overlap in usage.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
BezierGeneralBezierA Bézier curve is a parametric curve frequently used in computer graphics and related fields. In vector graphics, Bézier curves are used to model smooth curves that can be scaled indefinitely. "Paths," as they are commonly referred to in image manipulation programs. They are named after the French mathematician, Pierre Bezier, who developed a method for defining curves mathematically.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bit informationComputingBitA bit (a contraction of binary digit) is the basic unit of information in computing and telecommunications. A bit can have only two values: either 1 or 0. A bit can be implemented in hardware by means of a two state device. Eight bits form a byte.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Blog cmsWebBlogA blog (a portmanteau of the term web log) is a discussion or informational site published on the World Wide Web and consisting of discrete entries ("posts") typically displayed in reverse chronological order (the most recent post appears first).Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smart Blur blur filters effectsPhotoshopSmart BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Blurs an image with precision. You can specify a radius, a threshold, and a blur quality. The Radius value determines the size of the area searched for dissimilar pixels. The Threshold value determines how dissimilar the pixels must be before they are affected. You also can set a mode for the entire selection (Normal) or for the edges of color transitions (Edge Only and Overlay Edge). Where significant contrast occurs, Edge Only applies black-and-white edges, and Overlay Edge applies white.Find the original at
Gaussian Blur blur filters effectsPhotoshopGaussian BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Quickly blurs a selection by an adjustable amount. Gaussian refers to the bell-shaped curve that is generated when Photoshop applies a weighted average to the pixels. The Gaussian Blur filter adds low-frequency detail and can produce a hazy effect.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Radial Blur blur filters effectsPhotoshopRadial BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the blur of a zooming or rotating camera to produce a soft blur. Choose Spin to blur along concentric circular lines, and then specify a degree of rotation. Choose Zoom to blur along radial lines, as if zooming into or out of the image, and specify a value from 1 to 100. Blur quality ranges from Draft (for fast but grainy results) or Good and Best for smoother results, which are indistinguishable from each other except on a large selection. Specify the origin of the blur by dragging the pattern in the Blur Center box.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Field Blur blur filtersPhotoshopField BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Iris Blur blur filtersPhotoshopIris BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tilt-Shift blur filtersPhotoshopTilt-ShiftA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop.Terms compiled at
Lens Blur blur filtersPhotoshopLens BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Adds blur to an image to give the effect of a narrower depth of field so that some objects in the image stay in focus and others areas are blurred.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Box Blur blur filtersPhotoshopBox BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blurs an image based on the average color value of neighboring pixels. This filter is useful for creating special effects. You can adjust the size of the area used to calculate the average value for a given pixel; a larger radius results in greater blurring.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Surface Blur blur filtersPhotoshopSurface BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blurs an image while preserving edges. This filter is useful for creating special effects and for removing noise or graininess. The Radius option specifies the size of the area sampled for the blur. The Threshold option controls how much the tonal values of neighboring pixels must diverge from the center pixel value before being part of the blur. Pixels with tonal value differences less than the Threshold value are excluded from the blur.Find the original at
Motion Blur blur filtersPhotoshopMotion BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blurs in the specified direction (from –360º to +360º) and at a specified intensity (from 1 to 999). The filter’s effect is analogous to taking a picture of a moving object with a fixed exposure time.Terms compiled at
Blur blur filtersPhotoshopBlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Eliminate noise where significant color transitions occur in an image. Blur filters smooth transitions by averaging the pixels next to the hard edges of defined lines and shaded areas.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Blur More blur filtersPhotoshopBlur MoreA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Eliminate noise where significant color transitions occur in an image. Blur filters smooth transitions by averaging the pixels next to the hard edges of defined lines and shaded areas. The effect of the Blur More filter is three or four times stronger than that of the Blur filter.Find the original at
Average blur filtersPhotoshopAverageA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Finds the average color of an image or selection, and then fills the image or selection with the color to create a smooth look. For example, if you select an area of grass, the filter changes the area into a homogeneous patch of green.Find the original at
Shape Blur blur filtersPhotoshopShape BlurA blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Uses the specified kernel to create the blur. Choose a kernel from the list of custom shape presets, and use the radius slider to adjust its size. You can load different shape libraries by clicking the triangle and choosing from the list. Radius determines the size of the kernel; the larger the kernel, the greater the blur.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Accented Edges brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopAccented EdgesA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Accentuates the edges of an image. When the edge brightness control is set to a high value, the accents resemble white chalk; when set to a low value, the accents resemble black ink.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sumi-e brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopSumi-eA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints an image in Japanese style, as if with a fully saturated brush applied to rice paper. Sumi‑e creates soft, blurred edges with rich, inky blacks.Terms compiled at
Dark Strokes brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopDark StrokesA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints dark areas with short, tight, dark strokes, and lighter areas with long, white strokes.Find the original at
Crosshatch brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopCrosshatchA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Preserves the details and features of the original image while adding texture and roughening the edges of the colored areas with simulated pencil hatching. The Strength option (with values from 1 to 3) determines the number of hatching passes.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ink Outlines brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopInk OutlinesA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Redraws an image with fine narrow lines over the original details, in pen-and-ink style.Find the original at
Angled Strokes brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopAngled StrokesA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Repaints an image using diagonal strokes, with lighter and darker areas painted in strokes going in opposite directions.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Sprayed Strokes brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopSprayed StrokesA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Repaints an image, using its dominant colors, with angled, sprayed strokes of color.Find the original at
Spatter brush strokes filters effectsPhotoshopSpatterA brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Replicates the effect of a spatter airbrush. Increasing the options simplifies the overall effect.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
RAW .raw photography formatFile ExtensionRAWA camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner. Raw files are so named because they are not yet processed and therefore are not ready to be printed or edited with a bitmap graphics editor.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CandidPhotographyCandidA candid photograph is a photograph that is captured without creating a posed appearance. This is achieved by avoiding prior preparation of the subject and by either surprising the subject or by not distracting the subject during the process of taking photos.Find the original at
AxisTypographyAxisA Cartesian coordinate system specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances from the point to two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Centimeter length centimetreUnitCentimeterA centimeter is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one hundredth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CharacterTypographyCharacterA character, or glyph, is an element of writing: an individual mark on a written medium that contributes to the meaning of what is written.Find the original at
CCD image sensor camera acronymsPhotographyCCDA charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value. This is achieved by "shifting" the signals between stages within the device one at a time. CCDs move charge between capacitive bins in the device, with the shift allowing for the transfer of charge between bins.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SaturationColor TheorySaturationA chromatic purity; freedom from dilution with white. Saturation is the intensity of a hue from grey. At maximum saturation a color would contain no grey at all. At minimum saturation, a color would contain mostly grey.TutorialTerms compiled at
Cicero typographyUnitCiceroA cicero is a unit of measure used in typography in Italy, France and other continental European countries. It is 1⁄6 of the historical French inch, and is divided into 12 points, known in English as French points or Didot points.Terms compiled at
Clipping PathPhotoshopClipping PathA clipping path (or "deep etch"[1]) is a closed vector path, or shape, used to cut out a 2D image in image editing software. Anything inside the path will be included after the clipping path is applied; anything outside the path will be omitted from the output. Applying the clipping path results in a hard (aliased) or soft (anti-aliased) edge, depending on the image editor's capabilities.Terms compiled at
Bowl anatomyTypographyBowlA closed rounded stroke is called a bowl in b d o p q D O P Q R; B has two bowls.Principles of TypographyFind the original at
Filter Gallery filtersPhotoshopFilter GalleryA collection of filters available in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Registration Color Colour prepress on-pressPrintRegistration (Color)A color (represented by black) that is made up of all colors. Used to register separations on a traditional printing press. Registration is recognized by the Jetrion.Terms compiled at
ShadeColor TheoryShadeA color produced by a pigment or dye mixture having some black in it.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Color Cast ColourGeneralColor CastA colour cast is a tint of a particular colour, usually unwanted, which affects the whole of a photographic image evenly.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CSV acronymsProgrammingCSVA comma-separated values (CSV) file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain-text form. Plain text means that the file is a sequence of characters, with no data that has to be interpreted instead, as binary numbers.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Compound PathGeneralCompound PathA compound path results from the combination of multiple clipping paths (inclusive and exclusive) and the Boolean operations that ultimately determine what the combined path contains.Terms compiled at
Font fundamentalTypographyFontA computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats. Although the term font first referred to a set of metal type sorts in one style and size, since the 1990s it is generally used to refer to a scalable set of digital shapes that may be printed at many different sizes. There are three basic kinds of computer font file data formats: Bitmap, Outline, and Stroke.Find the original at
CMS content management system acronyms fundamentalWebCMSA content management system is a computer program that allows publishing, editing and modifying content as well as maintenance from a central interface. Such systems of content management provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment.Terms compiled at
Cookie cookiesWebCookieA cookie, also known as an HTTP cookie, web cookie, or browser cookie, is usually a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user's web browser while a user is browsing a website. When the user browses the same website in the future, the data stored in the cookie can be retrieved by the website to notify the website of the user's previous activity.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
IdentityBrandingIdentityA corporate identity is the overall image of a corporation or firm or business in the minds of diverse publics, such as customers and investors and employees. It is a primary task of the corporate communications department to maintain and build this identity to accord with and facilitate the attainment of business objectives. It is usually visibly manifested by way of branding and the use of trademarks.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Darkroom dark roomPhotographyDarkroomA darkroom is a room that can be made completely dark to allow the processing of light sensitive photographic materials, including photographic film and photographic paper. Darkrooms have been created and used since the inception of photography in the early 19th century.Terms compiled at
Database sql mysqlProgrammingDatabaseA database is an organized collection of data. The data is typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality (for example, the availability of rooms in hotels), in a way that supports processes requiring this information (for example, finding a hotel with vacancies).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DekameterUnitDekameterA decametre or dekametre (American spelling: dekameter, earlier decameter; symbol dam, sometimes Dm or dkm) is a very rarely used unit of length in the metric system, equal to ten metres, the SI base unit of length.
Densitometer on-pressPrintDensitometerA device that measures the degree of darkness (the optical density) of a photographic or semitransparent material or of a reflecting surface. The densitometer is basically a light source aimed at a photoelectric cell.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DiacriticsTypographyDiacriticsA diacritical mark (or diacritical point, diacritical sign) is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.Terms compiled at
Die Cut on-pressPrintDie CutA die is a specialized tool used in manufacturing industries to cut or shape material using a press. Like molds and stencils, dies are generally customized to the item they are used to create.Terms compiled at
Free Distort distort and transform effectsIllustratorFree DistortA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pucker and Bloat distort and transform effectsIllustratorPucker & BloatA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Roughen distort and transform effectsIllustratorRoughenA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Transform distort and transform effectsIllustratorTransformA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Tweak distort and transform effectsIllustratorTweakA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Twist distort and transform effectsIllustratorTwistA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Zig Zag distort and transform effectsIllustratorZig ZagA distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ocean Ripple distort filters effectsPhotoshopOcean RippleA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Adds randomly spaced ripples to the surface of the image so that it appears to be underwater.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Glass distort filters effectsPhotoshopGlassA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Makes an image appear as if it were being viewed through different types of glass. You can choose a glass effect or create your own glass surface as a Photoshop file and apply it. You can adjust scaling, distortion, and smoothness settings. When using surface controls with a file, follow the instructions for the Displace filter.Find the original at
Diffuse Glow distort filters effectsPhotoshopDiffuse GlowA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Renders an image as though it were viewed through a soft diffusion filter. The filter adds see-through white noise, with the glow fading from the center of a selection.Terms compiled at
Polar Coordinates distort filtersPhotoshopPolor CoordinatesA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Converts a selection from its rectangular to polar coordinates, and vice versa, according to a selected option. You can use this filter to create a cylinder anamorphosis—an art form popular in the 18th century—in which the distorted image appears normal when viewed in a mirrored cylinder.Find the original at
Ripple distort filtersPhotoshopRippleA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Creates an undulating pattern on a selection, like ripples on the surface of a pond. For greater control, use the Wave filter. Options include the number and size of ripples.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ZigZag zig zag distort filtersPhotoshopZigZagA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Distorts a selection radially, depending on the radius of the pixels in your selection. The Ridges option sets the number of direction reversals of the zigzag from the center of the selection to its edge. You also specify how to displace the pixels: Pond Ripples displaces pixels to the upper-left or lower right, Out From Center displaces pixels toward or away from the center of the selection, and Around Center rotates pixels around the center.Find the original at
Shear distort filtersPhotoshopShearA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Distorts an image along a curve. Specify the curve by dragging the line in the box. You can adjust any point along the curve. Click Default to change the curve back to a straight line. In addition, you choose how to treat undistorted areas.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Spherize distort filtersPhotoshopSpherizeA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Gives objects a 3D effect by wrapping a selection around a spherical shape, distorting the image and stretching it to fit the selected curve.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Twirl distort filtersPhotoshopTwirlA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Rotates a selection more sharply in the center than at the edges. Specifying an angle produces a twirl pattern.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pinch distort filtersPhotoshopPinchA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Squeezes a selection. A positive value up to 100% shifts a selection toward its center; a negative value up to – 100% shifts a selection outward.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Displace distort filtersPhotoshopDisplaceA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Uses an image, called a displacement map, to determine how to distort a selection. For example, using a parabola-shaped displacement map, you can create an image that appears to be printed on a cloth held up by its corners.Find the original at
Wave distort filtersPhotoshopWaveA distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Works much as the Ripple filter does, but with greater control. Options include the number of wave generators, wavelength (distance from one wave crest to the next), height of the wave, and wave type: Sine (rolling), Triangle, or Square. The Randomize option applies random values. You can also define undistorted areas.Terms compiled at
Favicon fav iconWebFaviconA favicon, also known as a shortcut icon, Web site icon, URL icon, or bookmark icon, is a file containing one or more small icons, most commonly 16×16 pixels, associated with a particular Web site or Web page.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Figure SpaceTypographyFigure SpaceA figure space is a typographic unit equal to the size of a single typographic figure (numeral or letter), minus leading. Its size can fluctuate somewhat depending on which font is being used. In fonts with monospaced digits, it is equal to the width of one digit.Find the original at
Lens Correction filtersPhotoshopLens CorrectionA filter available in Adobe Photoshop.Find the original at
Liquify filtersPhotoshopLiquifyA filter available in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Oil Paint filtersPhotoshopOil PaintA filter available in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Vanishing Point filtersPhotoshopVanishing PointA filter available in Adobe Photoshop. The Vanishing Point feature preserves correct perspective in edits of images that contain perspective planes (for instance, the sides of a building or any rectangular object).Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
FirewallComputingFirewallA firewall can either be software-based or hardware-based and is used to help keep a network secure. Its primary objective is to control the incoming and outgoing network traffic by analyzing the data packets and determining whether it should be allowed through or not, based on a predetermined rule set.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Fisheye LensPhotographyFisheye LensA fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
FlashPhotographyFlashA flash is a device used in photography producing a flash of artificial light (typically 1/1000 to 1/200 of a second) at a color temperature of about 5500 K to help illuminate a scene. A major purpose of a flash is to illuminate a dark scene. Other uses are capturing quickly moving objects or changing the quality of light.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Coating on-pressPrintCoatingA flood of varnish-like liquid to treat material to be more receptive to ink.Find the original at
FramingPhotographyFramingA frame serves the double purpose of making a more aesthetically pleasing image and keeping the focus on the framed object(s) – it can also be used as a repoussoir, to direct attention back into the scene. It adds depth to the image, and can add interest to the picture when the frame is thematically related to the object being framed. (Often confused with Field Size)Terms compiled at
Full-Frame CameraPhotographyFull-Frame CameraA full-frame digital SLR is a digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) fitted with an image sensor that is the same size as a 35 mm (36×24 mm) film frame. This is in contrast to cameras with smaller sensors, typically of a size equivalent to APS-C-size film, much smaller than a full 35 mm frame.Find the original at
Gigabyte gbComputingGigabyteA Gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information storage. The prefix giga means 109 in the International System of Units (SI), therefore 1 gigabyte is 1000000000bytes. The unit symbol for the gigabyte is GB or Gbyte.Terms compiled at
GlyphTypographyGlyphA glyph is an element of writing: an individual mark on a written medium that contributes to the meaning of what is written.Principles of TypographyTerms compiled at
Grapheme ligatureTypographyGraphemeA grapheme is the smallest semantically distinguishing unit in a written language, analogous to the phonemes of spoken languages.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Grey Card GrayPhotographyGrey CardA grey card is a middle gray reference, typically used together with a reflective light meter, as a way to produce consistent image exposure and/or color in film and photography.Find the original at
Thermocouple on-pressPrintThermocoupleA kind of thermometer consisting of two wires of different metals that are joined at both ends; one junction is at the temperature to be measured and the other is held at a fixed lower temperature; the current generated in the circuit is proportional to the temperature difference. Used to measure ink temperatures on digital printing presses.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lab Color Colour CIELAB spaceColor ModeLabA Lab color space is a color-opponent space with dimension L for lightness and a and b for the color-opponent dimensions, based on nonlinearly compressed CIE XYZ color space coordinates.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Drop CapTypographyDrop CapA large initial letter that drops below the first line of a paragraph, usually used at the beginning of a section or chapter of a book.Find the original at
Exposure MeterPhotographyExposure MeterA light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light. In photography, a light meter is often used to determine the proper exposure for a photograph. Typically a light meter will include a computer, either digital or analog, which allows the photographer to determine which shutter speed and f-number should be selected for an optimum exposure, given a certain lighting situation and film speed.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LED acronymsComputingLEDA light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor light source. LEDs are used as indicator lamps in many devices and are increasingly used for other lighting. Appearing as practical electronic components in 1962, early LEDs emitted low-intensity red light, but modern versions are available across the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared wavelengths, with very high brightness.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LCD acronymsComputingLCDA liquid crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals. Liquid crystals do not emit light directly.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
LAN acronyms WANWebLANA local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building using network media. The defining characteristics of LANs, in contrast to wide area networks (WANs), include their usually higher data-transfer rates, smaller geographic area, and lack of a need for leased telecommunication lines.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Arm anatomyTypographyArmA longer horizontal stroke at the top or bottom, as in E F L T, is called an arm.Terms compiled at
Loupe loopPrintLoupeA loupe is a simple, small magnification device used to see small details more closely. Unlike a magnifying glass, a loupe does not have an attached handle, and its focusing lens(es) are contained in an opaque cylinder or cone or fold into an enclosing housing that protects the lenses when not in use. Loupes are also called hand lenses (or nose lenses).Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Stem anatomyTypographyStemA main vertical stroke is called a stem. The letter m has three, the left, middle, and right stems.Principles of TypographyTerms compiled at
Color Separations Colour prepress on-pressPrintColor SeparationsA means of dividing a full color photograph into four separate components, corresponding to the four primary colors used in process color printing—cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. Process color printing involves overprinting halftone dots of each of these four colors in varying densities, the various combinations producing the wide range of reproducible colors.Terms compiled at
Monochromatic Colors ColoursColor TheoryMonochromatic ColorsA monochromatic color scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of one single color. These color schemes are easy to get right and can be very effective, soothing and authoritative.Kuler by AdobeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Monopod, UnipodPhotographyMonopodA monopod, also called a unipod, is a single staff or pole used to help support cameras, video cameras, binoculars, rifles or other precision instruments in the field.Terms compiled at
MonospacedTypographyMonospacedA monospaced font, also called a fixed-pitch, fixed-width or non-proportional font, is a font whose letters and characters each occupy the same amount of horizontal space. This contrasts with variable-width fonts, where the letters differ in size from one another. The first monospaced typefaces were designed for typewriters, which could only move the same distance forward with each letter typed. This also meant that monospaced fonts need not be typeset like variable width fonts and were, arguably, easier to deal with.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
IrisPhotographyIrisA natural optical system that has a diaphragm and an aperture is the human eye. The iris is the diaphragm, and the opening in the iris of the eye (the pupil) is the aperture. An analogous device in a photographic lens is called an iris diaphragm.Terms compiled at
HostWebHostA network host is a computer connected to a computer network. A network host may offer information resources, services, and applications to users or other nodes on the network. A network host is a network node that is assigned a network layer host address.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Add Noise noise filtersPhotoshopAdd NoiseA noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Applies random pixels to an image, simulating the effect of shooting pictures on high-speed film. You can also use the Add Noise filter to reduce banding in feathered selections or graduated fills or to give a more realistic look to heavily retouched areas. Options for noise distribution include Uniform and Gaussian. Uniform distributes color values of noise using random numbers between 0 and plus or minus the specified value, creating a subtle effect. Gaussian distributes color values of noise along a bell-shaped curve, creating a speckled effect. The Monochromatic option applies the filter to only the tonal elements in the image without changing the colors.Terms compiled at
Despeckle noise filtersPhotoshopDespeckleA noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Detects the edges in an image (areas where significant color changes occur) and blurs all of the selection except those edges. This blurring removes noise while preserving detail.Find the original at
Dust and Scratches noise filtersPhotoshopDust & ScratchesA noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Reduces noise by changing dissimilar pixels. To achieve a balance between sharpening the image and hiding defects, try various combinations of Radius and Threshold settings. Or apply the filter to selected areas in the image.Find the original at
Median noise filtersPhotoshopMedianA noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Reduces noise in an image by blending the brightness of pixels within a selection. The filter searches the radius of a pixel selection for pixels of similar brightness, discarding pixels that differ too much from adjacent pixels, and replaces the center pixel with the median brightness value of the searched pixels. This filter is useful for eliminating or reducing the effect of motion on an image.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Reduce Noise noise filtersPhotoshopReduce NoiseA noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Reduces noise while preserving edges based on user settings affecting the overall image or individual channels.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Align palette windowIllustratorAlignA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Appearance paletteIllustratorAppearanceA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Artboards palette windowIllustratorArtboardsA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Attributes palette window overprint prepressIllustratorAttributesA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Brushes palette windowIllustratorBrushesA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Color Guide palette windowIllustratorColor GuideA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Document Info palette windowIllustratorDocument InfoA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Flattener Preview palette windowIllustratorFlattener PreviewA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Gradient palette windowIllustratorGradientA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Graphic Styles palette windowIllustratorGraphic StylesA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Image Trace palette windowIllustratorImage TraceA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Links palette windowIllustratorLinksA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Magic Wand palette windowIllustratorMagic WandA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Pathfinder palette windowIllustratorPathfinderA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Pattern Options palette windowIllustratorPattern OptionsA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Separations Preview palette windowIllustratorSeparations PreviewA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Stroke palette windowIllustratorStrokeA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SVG Interactivity palette windowIllustratorSVG InteractivityA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Symbols palette windowIllustratorSymbolsA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Transform palette windowIllustratorTransformA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Transparency palette windowIllustratorTransparencyA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Type palette windowIllustratorTypeA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Variables palette windowIllustratorVariablesA palette used in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Actions palette windowPhotoshopActionsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color palette windowPhotoshopColorA palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Info palette windowPhotoshopInfoA palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Layers palette windowPhotoshopLayersA palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Navigator palette windowPhotoshopNavigatorA palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Swatches palette windowPhotoshopSwatchesA palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator.Find the original at
3D palette windowPhotoshop3DA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Adjustments palette windowPhotoshopAdjustmentsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Brush palette windowPhotoshopBrushA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Find the original at
Brush Presets palette windowPhotoshopBrush PresetsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Channels palette windowPhotoshopChannelsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Terms compiled at
Character palette windowPhotoshopCharacterA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Character Styles palette windowPhotoshopCharacter StylesA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Find the original at
Clone Source palette windowPhotoshopClone SourceA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Histogram palette windowPhotoshopHistogramA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Terms compiled at
History palette windowPhotoshopHistoryA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Layer Comps palette windowPhotoshopLayer CompsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Find the original at
Measurement Log palette windowPhotoshopMeasurement LogA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Notes palette windowPhotoshopNotesA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Paragraph palette windowPhotoshopParagraphA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Terms compiled at
Paragraph Styles palette windowPhotoshopParagraph StylesA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Paths palette windowPhotoshopPathsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Find the original at
Properties palette windowPhotoshopPropertiesA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Styles palette windowPhotoshopStylesA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Terms compiled at
Timeline palette windowPhotoshopTimelineA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tool Presets palette windowPhotoshopTool PresetsA palette used in Adobe Photoshop.Find the original at
Pancake LensPhotographyPancake LensA pancake lens is colloquial term for a flat, thin lens (short barrel), generally a normal or slightly wide prime lens for a camera.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pangram the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dogTypographyPangramA pangram or holoalphabetic sentence for a given alphabet is a sentence using every letter of the alphabet at least once. Pangrams have been used to display typefaces, test equipment, and develop skills in handwriting, calligraphy, and keyboarding.The quick brown fox...Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PanoramaPhotographyPanoramaA panorama is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film/video, or a three-dimensional model.Find the original at
WidowTypographyWidowA paragraph-ending line that falls at the beginning of the following page/column, thus separated from the rest of the text.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
OrphanTypographyOrphanA paragraph-opening line that appears by itself at the bottom of a page/column, or a word, part of a word, or very short line that appears by itself at the end of a paragraph. Orphans result in too much white space between paragraphs or at the bottom of a page.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Offset Path path effectsIllustratorOffset PathA path effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Outline Object path effectsIllustratorOutline ObjectA path effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Outline Stroke path effectsIllustratorOutline StrokeA path effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hard Mix pathfinder effectsIllustratorHard MixA pathfinder effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Soft Mix pathfinder effectsIllustratorSoft MixA pathfinder effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Trap pathfinder effectsIllustratorTrapA pathfinder effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PermalinkWebPermalinkA permalink (portmanteau of permanent link) is a URL that points to a specific blog or forum entry after it has passed from the front page to the archives. Because a permalink remains unchanged indefinitely, it is less susceptible to link rot.Find the original at
PC windows microsoftComputingPCA personal computer (PC) is any general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and original sales price make it useful for individuals, and which is intended to be operated directly by an end-user with no intervening computer operator.Terms compiled at
Petabyte pbComputingPetabyteA petabyte (derived from the SI prefix peta- ) is a unit of information equal to one quadrillion (short scale) bytes, or 1 billiard (long scale) bytes. The unit symbol for the petabyte is PB. The prefix peta (P) indicates the fifth power to 1000: 1 PB = 1000000000000000B = 10005 B = 1015 B = 1 million gigabytes = 1 thousand terabytesDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
OverexposurePhotographyOverexposureA photograph may be described as overexposed when it has a loss of highlight detail, that is, when important bright parts of an image are "washed out" or effectively all white, known as "blown out highlights" or "clipped whites".
UnderexposurePhotographyUnderexposureA photograph may be described as underexposed when it has a loss of shadow detail, that is, when important dark areas are "muddy" or indistinguishable from black, known as "blocked up shadows" (or sometimes "crushed shadows," "crushed blacks," or "clipped blacks," especially in video).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pica typographyUnitPicaA pica is a typographic unit of measure corresponding to 1/72 of its respective foot, and therefore to 1/6 of an inch. The pica contains 12 point units of measure.Terms compiled at
Pigment Color Colour on-pressPrintPigmentA pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption. This physical process differs from fluorescence, phosphorescence, and other forms of luminescence, in which a material emits light. Combined with a liquid "vehicle" to create printing ink.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pointillize pixelate filters effectsPhotoshopPointillizeA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Breaks up the color in an image into randomly placed dots, as in a pointillist painting, and uses the background color as a canvas area between the dots.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Crystallize pixelate filters effectsPhotoshopCrystallizeA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Clumps pixels into a solid color in a polygon shape.Find the original at
Mezzotint pixelate filters effectsPhotoshopMezzotintA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Converts an image to a random pattern of black-and-white areas or of fully saturated colors in a color image. To use the filter, choose a dot pattern from the Type menu in the Mezzotint dialog box.
Color Halftone colour pixelate filters effectsPhotoshopColor HalftoneA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the effect of using an enlarged halftone screen on each channel of the image. For each channel, the filter divides the image into rectangles and replaces each rectangle with a circle. The circle size is proportional to the brightness of the rectangle.Find the original at
Mosaic pixelate filtersPhotoshopMosaicA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Clumps pixels into square blocks. The pixels in a given block are the same color, and the colors of the blocks represent the colors in the selection.Find the original at
Facet pixelate filtersPhotoshopFacetA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Clumps pixels of solid or similar colors into blocks of like-colored pixels. You can use this filter to make a scanned image look hand-painted or to make a realistic image resemble an abstract painting.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fragment pixelate filtersPhotoshopFragmentA pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Creates four copies of the pixels in the selection, averages them, and offsets them from each other.Find the original at
Step and Repeat prepressPrintStep & RepeatA printed design in which an element is copied and reproduced over a given area, maintaining equal spacing and direction between elements to create a pattern.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PrototypeGeneralPrototypeA prototype is an early sample or model built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from. It is a term used in a variety of contexts, including semantics, design, electronics, and software programming. A prototype is designed to test and trial a new design to enhance precision by system analysts and users. Prototyping serves to provide specifications for a real, working system rather than a theoretical one.Terms compiled at
Proximity Sensor prox on-pressPrintProximity SensorA proximity sensor (or "prox sensor") is a sensor able to detect the presence of nearby objects without any physical contact.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pull QuoteTypographyPull QuoteA pull quote (also known as a lift-out quote) is a quotation or excerpt from an article that is typically placed in a larger or distinctive typeface on the same page, serving to entice readers into an article or to highlight a key topic.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ChromaColor TheoryChromaA quality of color combining hue and saturation.TutorialFind the original at
RangefinderPhotographyRangefinderA rangefinder is a device that measures distance from the observer to a target, for the purposes of surveying, navigation, determining focus in photography, choosing a golf club, or accurately aiming a weapon. Some devices use active methods to measure (such as sonar, laser, or radar); others measure distance using trigonometry (stadiametric rangefinders and parallax, or coincidence rangefinders).Terms compiled at
RIP acronyms prepressPrintRIPA raster image processor (RIP) is a component used in a printing system which produces a raster image also known as a bitmap. The bitmap is then sent to a printing device for output.Terms compiled at
RouterComputingRouterA router is a device that forwards data packets between computer networks, creating an overlay internetwork. A router is connected to two or more data lines from different networks.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Secondary Colors ColoursColor TheorySecondary ColorsA secondary color is a color made by mixing two primary colors in a given color space.TutorialTerms compiled at
Adhesive Bleed on-pressPrintAdhesive BleedA seeping or oozing of the adhesive material from pressure-sensitive label stock caused by cold-flow or pressure produced by clamps or other means. Also called ooze, adhesive ooze, and adhesive strike-through. This exposed adhesive will accumulate on rollers, the plate, and may clog nozzels in digital inkjet printers.Find the original at
Self-TimerPhotographySelf-TimerA self-timer is a device on a camera that gives a delay between pressing the shutter release and the shutter's firing. It is most commonly used to let photographers to take a photo of themselves (often with the family), hence the name.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Unsharp Mask sharpen filtersPhotoshopUnsharp MaskA sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Find the areas in the image where significant color changes occur and sharpen them. For professional color correction, use the Unsharp Mask filter to adjust the contrast of edge detail and produce a lighter and darker line on each side of the edge. This process emphasizes the edge and creates the illusion of a sharper image.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sharpen Edges sharpen filtersPhotoshopSharpen EdgesA sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Find the areas in the image where significant color changes occur and sharpen them. The Sharpen Edges filter sharpens only edges while preserving the overall smoothness of the image. Use this filter to sharpen edges without specifying an amount.Find the original at
Sharpen sharpen filtersPhotoshopSharpenA sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Focus a selection and improve its clarity.Terms compiled at
Sharpen More sharpen filtersPhotoshopSharpen MoreA sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Focus a selection and improve its clarity. The Sharpen More filter applies a stronger sharpening effect than does the Sharpen filter.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smart Sharpen sharpen filtersPhotoshopSmart SharpenA sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Sharpens an image by letting you set the sharpening algorithm or control the amount of sharpening that occurs in shadows and highlights. This is the recommended way to sharpen if you don’t have a particular sharpening filter in mind.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bar crossbar anatomyTypographyBarA short horizontal stroke, as in the center of e f t A and the middle stroke of E F, is called a bar.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SLR acronymsPhotographySLRA single-lens reflex (SLR) camera is a camera that typically uses a mirror and prism system (hence "reflex", from the mirror's reflection) that permits the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured, contrary to viewfinder cameras where the image could be significantly different from what will be captured.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Charcoal sketch filters effectsPhotoshopCharcoalA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Creates a posterized, smudged effect. Major edges are boldly drawn, and midtones are sketched using a diagonal stroke. Charcoal is the foreground color, and the background is the color of the paper.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Note Paper sketch filters effectsPhotoshopNote PaperA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Creates an image that appears to be constructed of handmade paper. This filter simplifies images and combines the effects of the Stylize > Emboss and Texture > Grain filters. Dark areas of the image appear as holes in the top layer of paper, revealing the background color.Find the original at
Plaster sketch filters effectsPhotoshopPlasterA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Molds an image from 3D plaster, and then colorizes the result using the foreground and background color. Dark areas are raised, and light areas are recessed.Terms compiled at
Torn Edges sketch filters effectsPhotoshopTorn EdgesA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Reconstructs the image so that it appears composed of ragged, torn pieces of paper, and then colorizes the image using the foreground and background colors. This filter is particularly useful for text or high-contrast objects.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chalk and Charcoal sketch filters effectsPhotoshopChalk & CharcoalA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Redraws highlights and midtones with a solid midtone gray background drawn in coarse chalk. Shadow areas are replaced with black diagonal charcoal lines. The charcoal is drawn in the foreground color; the chalk, in the background color.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Chrome sketch filters effectsPhotoshopChromeA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Renders the image as if it had a polished chrome surface. Highlights are high points, and shadows are low points in the reflecting surface. After applying the filter, use the Levels dialog box to add more contrast to the image.Find the original at
Conte Crayon conté sketch filters effectsPhotoshopConté CrayonA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Replicates the texture of dense dark and pure white Conté crayons on an image. The Conté Crayon filter uses the foreground color for dark areas and the background color for light areas. For a truer effect, change the foreground color to one of the common Conté Crayon colors (black, sepia, or sanguine) before applying the filter. For a muted effect, change the background color to white, add some of the foreground color to the white background, and then apply the filter.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stamp sketch filters effectsPhotoshopStampA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simplifies the image so that it appears to be created with a rubber or wood stamp. This filter is best used with black-and-white images.Find the original at
Reticulation sketch filters effectsPhotoshopReticulationA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the controlled shrinking and distortion of film emulsion to create an image that appears clumped in the shadows and lightly grained in the highlights.Terms compiled at
Halftone Pattern sketch filters effectsPhotoshopHalftone PatternA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the effect of a halftone screen while maintaining the continuous range of tones.Terms compiled at
Photocopy sketch filters effectsPhotoshopPhotocopyA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the effect of photocopying an image. Large dark areas tend to be copied only around their edges, and midtones fall away to either solid black or solid white.Terms compiled at
Bas Relief sketch filters effectsPhotoshopBas ReliefA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Transforms an image so that it appears carved in low relief and lit to accent the surface variations. Dark areas of the image take on the foreground color, and light colors use the background color.Find the original at
Water Paper sketch filters effectsPhotoshopWater PaperA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Uses blotchy daubs that appear painted onto fibrous, damp paper, causing the colors to flow and blend.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Graphic Pen sketch filters effectsPhotoshopGraphic PenA sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Uses fine, linear ink strokes to capture the details in the original image. The effect is especially striking with scanned images. The filter replaces color in the original image, using the foreground color for ink and the background color for paper.Terms compiled at
Skeuomorphism SkewmorphismConceptSkeuomorphismA skeuomorph is a physical ornament or design on an object copied from a form of the object when made from another material or by other techniques. Examples include pottery embellished with imitation rivets reminiscent of similar pots made of metal,[1] or a software calendar application which displays the days organised on animated month pages in imitation of a paper desk calendar.Terms compiled at
BugProgrammingBugsA software bug is an error, flaw, mistake, failure, or fault in a computer program or system that produces an incorrect or unexpected result, or causes it to behave in unintended ways. Most bugs arise from mistakes and errors made by people in either a program's source code or its design, and a few are caused by compilers producing incorrect code. A program that contains a large number of bugs, and/or bugs that seriously interfere with its functionality, is said to be buggy.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Descender anatomyTypographyDescenderA stroke which drops below the baseline is a descender. Letters with descenders are g j p q y.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Drop Shadow stylize effectsIllustratorDrop ShadowA stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Feather stylize effectsIllustratorFeatherA stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inner Glow stylize effectsIllustratorInner GlowA stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Outer Glow stylize effectsIllustratorOuter GlowA stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Round Corners stylize effectsIllustratorRound CornersA stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Scribble stylize effectsIllustratorScribbleA stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Solarize stylize filtersPhotoshopSolarizeA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blends a negative and a positive image—similar to exposing a photographic print briefly to light during development.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Tiles stylize filtersPhotoshopTilesA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Breaks up an image into a series of tiles, creating an offset between the selection and its original position. You can choose one of the following to fill the area between the tiles: the background color, the foreground color, a reverse version of the image, or an unaltered version of the image, which puts the tiled version on top of the original and reveals part of the original image underneath the tiled edges.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Trace Contour stylize filtersPhotoshopTrace ContourA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Finds the transitions of major brightness areas and thinly outlines them for each color channel, for an effect similar to the lines in a contour map.Find the original at
Extrude stylize filtersPhotoshopExtrudeA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Gives a 3D texture to a selection or layer.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Find Edges stylize filtersPhotoshopFind EdgesA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Identifies the areas of the image with significant transitions and emphasizes the edges. Like the Trace Counter filter, Find Edges outlines the edges of an image with dark lines against a white background and is useful for creating a border around an image.Find the original at
Glowing Edges stylize filters effectsPhotoshopGlowing EdgesA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Identifies the edges of color and adds a neon-like glow to them. This filter can be applied cumulatively.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Emboss stylize filtersPhotoshopEmbossA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Makes a selection appear raised or stamped by converting its fill color to gray and tracing the edges with the original fill color. Options include an embossing angle (from –360° to recess the surface, to +360° to raise the surface), height, and a percentage (1% to 500%) for the amount of color within the selection. To retain color and detail when embossing, use the Fade command after applying the Emboss filter.Find the original at
Wind stylize filtersPhotoshopWindA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Places tiny horizontal lines in the image to create a windblown effect. Methods include Wind; Blast, for a more dramatic wind effect; and Stagger, which offsets the lines in the image.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Diffuse stylize filtersPhotoshopDiffuseA stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Shuffles pixels in a selection to soften focus according to the selected option: Normal moves pixels randomly (ignoring color values), Darken Only replaces light pixels with darker ones, and Lighten Only replaces dark pixels with lighter ones. Anisotropic shuffles pixels in the direction of the least change in color.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SubscriptTypographySubscriptA subscript is a number, figure, symbol, or indicator that appears smaller than the normal line of type and is usually set slightly below the baseline.Terms compiled at
SuperscriptTypographySuperscriptA superscript is a number, figure, symbol, or indicator that appears smaller than the normal line of type and is set slightly above it.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Swash anatomyTypographySwashA swash is a typographical flourish, such as an exaggerated serif, terminal, tail, entry stroke, etc. on a glyph.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SymbolBrandingSymbolA symbol is something that represents an idea, a process, or a physical entity. The purpose of a symbol is to communicate meaning.Terms compiled at
Tablet ipad dynabook galaxy slate nexus surfaceComputingTabletA tablet computer, or simply tablet, is a one-piece mobile computer, primarily operated by touchscreen (the user's finger essentially functions as the mouse and cursor, removing the need for the physical (i.e., mouse and keyboard) hardware components necessary for a desktop or laptop computer; and, an onscreen, hideable virtual keyboard is integrated into the display).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tagline tag lineBrandingTaglineA tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. The idea behind the concept is to create a memorable phrase that will sum up the tone and premise of a brand or product, or to reinforce the audience's memory of a product.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
TemplateGeneralTemplateA template is a pre-developed page layout in electronic or paper media used to make new pages with a similar design, pattern, or style.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gamut Colour prepress fundamentalPrintGamutA term referring to the range of available color on a display or printer. A particular color is either in or out of the gamut of the device. If outside, it cannot be accurately shown on that display or printed on that output device. (Each device has its own gamut capabilities.)Find the original at
Grain texture filters effectsPhotoshopGrainA texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Adds texture to an image by simulating different kinds of grain—Regular, Soft, Sprinkles, Clumped, Contrasty, Enlarged, Stippled, Horizontal, Vertical, and Speckle, available from the Grain Type menu.Find the original at
Texturizer texture filters effectsPhotoshopTexturizerA texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Applies a texture you select or create to an image.Find the original at
Patchwork texture filters effectsPhotoshopPatchworkA texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Breaks up an image into squares filled with the predominant color in that area of the image. The filter randomly reduces or increases the tile depth to replicate the highlights and shadows.Find the original at
Craquelure texture filters effectsPhotoshopCraquelureA texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints an image onto a high-relief plaster surface, producing a fine network of cracks that follow the contours of the image. Use this filter to create an embossing effect with images that contain a broad range of color or grayscale values.Terms compiled at
Mosaic Tiles texture filters effectsPhotoshopMosaic TilesA texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Renders the image so that it appears to be made up of small chips or tiles and adds grout between the tiles. (In contrast, the Pixelate > Mosaic filter breaks up an image into blocks of different-colored pixels.)Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Stained Glass texture filters effectsPhotoshopStained GlassA texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Repaints an image as single-colored adjacent cells outlined in the foreground color.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
TrademarkBrandingTrademarkA trademark, trade mark, or trade-mark is a recognizable sign, design or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others. The trademark owner can be an individual, business organization, or any legal entity. A trademark may be located on a package, a label, a voucher or on the product itself.Terms compiled at
Tail anatomyTypographyTailA trailing outstroke, as in j k y J K Q R is called a tail.Terms compiled at
TripodPhotographyTripodA tripod is a portable three-legged frame, used as a platform for supporting the weight and maintaining the stability of some other object. A tripod provides stability against downward forces and horizontal forces and movements about horizontal axes. The positioning of the three feet away from the vertical centre allows the tripod better leverage for resisting lateral forces.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Type FoundryTypographyType FoundryA type foundry is a company that designs or distributes typefaces. Originally, type foundries manufactured and sold metal and wood typefaces and matrices for line-casting machines like the Linotype and Monotype machines designed to be printed on letterpress printers. Today's digital type foundries accumulate and distribute typefaces (typically as digitized fonts) created by type designers, who may either be freelancers operating their own independent foundry, or employed by another foundry. Type foundries may also provide custom type design services.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
TypoTypographyTypoA typographical error (often shortened to typo) is a mistake made in the typing process (such as spelling) of printed material. Historically, this referred to mistakes in manual type-setting (typography). The term includes errors due to mechanical failure or slips of the hand or finger, but excludes errors of ignorance, such as spelling errors. Before the arrival of printing, the "copyist's mistake" or "scribal error" was the equivalent for manuscripts. Most typos involve simple duplication, omission, transposition, or substitution of a small number of characters.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
URI acronymsWebURIa uniform resource identifier (URI) is a string of characters used to identify a name or a resource. Such identification enables interaction with representations of the resource over a network (typically the World Wide Web) using specific protocols. Schemes specifying a concrete syntax and associated protocols define each URI.Find the original at
URL acronymsWebURLA uniform resource locator (URL) (originally called universal resource locator) is a specific character string that constitutes a reference to an Internet resource. A URL is technically a type of uniform resource identifier (URI), but in many technical documents and verbal discussions, URL is often used as a synonym for URI.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
TintColor TheoryTintA variation of color produced by adding white to it and characterized by low saturation with relatively high lightness.TutorialFind the original at
NTSC Colors colours video filters effectsPhotoshopNTSC ColorsA video filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Restricts the gamut of colors to those acceptable for television reproduction, to prevent oversaturated colors from bleeding across television scan lines.Terms compiled at
De-Interlace video filters effectsPhotoshopDe-InterlaceA video filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Smooths moving images captured on video by removing either the odd or even interlaced lines in a video image. You can choose to replace the discarded lines by duplication or interpolation.Find the original at
Arc Lower warp effectsIllustratorArc LowerA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Arc Upper warp effectsIllustratorArc UpperA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Arc warp effectsIllustratorArcA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Arch warp effectsIllustratorArchA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bulge warp effectsIllustratorBulgeA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Fish warp effectsIllustratorFishA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Fisheye warp effectsIllustratorFisheyeA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Flag warp effectsIllustratorFlagA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Inflate warp effectsIllustratorInflateA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
Rise warp effectsIllustratorRiseA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Shell Lower warp effectsIllustratorShell LowerA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Shell Upper warp effectsIllustratorShell UpperA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Squeeze warp effectsIllustratorSqueezeA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Find the original at
Twist warp effectsIllustratorTwistA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Wave warp effectsIllustratorWaveA warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Web on-pressPrintWebA web also refers to any roll of substrate—be it paper, paperboard, or a plastic film—used in web-fed gravure and flexography.Find the original at
Browser user agent fundamentalWebBrowserA web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video or other piece of content. Hyperlinks present in resources enable users easily to navigate their browsers to related resources. A web browser can also be defined as an application software or program designed to enable users to access, retrieve and view documents and other resources on the Internet.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cache cash fundamentalWebCacheA web cache is a mechanism for the temporary storage (caching) of web documents, such as HTML pages and images, to reduce bandwidth usage, server load, and perceived lag. A web cache stores copies of documents passing through it; subsequent requests may be satisfied from the cache if certain conditions are met.Terms compiled at
WireframeWebWireframeA website wireframe, also known as a page schematic or screen blueprint, is a visual guide that represents the skeletal framework of a website.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
White PointGeneralWhite PointA white point (often referred to as reference white or target white in technical documents) is a set of tristimulus values or chromaticity coordinates that serve to define the color "white" in image capture, encoding, or reproduction. Depending on the application, different definitions of white are needed to give acceptable results.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
WAN acronyms LANComputingWANA Wide Area Network (WAN) is a network that covers a broad area (i.e., any telecommunications network that links across metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries) using private or public network transports. Business and government entities utilize WANs to relay data among employees, clients, buyers, and suppliers from various geographical locations.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Zettabyte zbComputingZettabyteA zettabyte (symbol ZB, derived from the SI prefix zetta-) is a quantity of information or information storage capacity equal to 1021 bytes or 1,000 exabytes (or one sextillion (one long scale trilliard) bytes).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Zoom LensPhotographyZoom LensA zoom lens is a mechanical assembly of lens elements for which the focal length (and thus angle of view) can be varied, as opposed to a fixed focal length (FFL) lens (see prime lens).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Accented AnalogicColor TheoryAccented AnalogicAccented analogic color schemes are combinations of analogous and complementary color schemes. In addition to colors that are adjacent to each other, it uses a complementary accent at its opposite.TutorialFind the original at
Hard MixBlending ModeHard MixAdds the red, green and blue channel values of the blend color to the RGB values of the base color. If the resulting sum for a channel is 255 or greater, it receives a value of 255; if less than 255, a value of 0. Therefore, all blended pixels have red, green, and blue channel values of either 0 or 255. This changes all pixels to primary additive colors (red, green, or blue), white, or black.Find the original at
Control HandleGeneralControl HandleAdjustment handles are the small boxes appearing on the corners and edges of a "selected control" that let you change the size and shape of the control.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
After Effects adobe application creative suiteApplicationAfter EffectsAdobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software published by Adobe Systems, used in the post-production process of filmmaking and television production.TutorialsFind the original at
Creative Suite cs acronymsAdobeCreative SuiteAdobe Creative Suite (CS) is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made or acquired by Adobe Systems. The collection consists of Adobe's applications (e.g., Photoshop, Acrobat, InDesign), that are based on various technologies (e.g., PostScript, PDF, Flash).Find the original at
Dreamweaver adobe application creative suiteApplicationDreamweaverAdobe Dreamweaver (formerly Macromedia Dreamweaver) is a proprietary web development application developed by Adobe Systems. Dreamweaver was originally developed by Macromedia, until Macromedia was acquired by Adobe Systems in 2005.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PSD .psd acronyms formatFile ExtensionPSDAdobe Photoshop files have default file extension as .PSD, which stands for "Photoshop Document." A PSD file stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Photoshop adobe application creative suiteApplicationPhotoshopAdobe Photoshop is a graphics editing program developed and published by Adobe Systems. Adobe's 2003 "Creative Suite" rebranding led to Adobe Photoshop 8's renaming to Adobe Photoshop CS.TutorialsFind the original at
AI .ai acronyms formatFile ExtensionAIAI is a proprietary file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing single-page vector-based drawings in either the EPS or PDF formats. The .ai filename extension is used by Adobe Illustrator.Terms compiled at
AjaxProgrammingAjaxAjax (an acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a group of interrelated web development techniques used on the client-side to create asynchronous web applications. With Ajax, web applications can send data to, and retrieve data from, a server asynchronously (in the background) without interfering with the display and behavior of the existing page.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Anchor Point fundamentalGeneralAnchor PointAll line segments have anchor points at each end which define their position and curve attributes. The name for the resulting curves are called Bezier curves.Find the original at
AstigmatismPhotographyAstigmatismAn aberration in photography. Departures from a flat image surface are associated with astigmatism and field curvature, and lead to a spatial mismatch between the image and the sensor.Optical AberrationsDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Curvature of FieldPhotographyCurvature of FieldAn aberration in photography. Petzval field curvature, named for Joseph Petzval, describes the optical aberration in which a flat object normal to the optical axis (or a non-flat object past the hyperfocal distance) cannot be brought into focus on a flat image plane.Optical AberrationsFind the original at
Accessory Shoe Hot ShoePhotographyAccessory ShoeAn accessory shoe, or more commonly hot shoe, is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash unit or other accessories.Find the original at
Dewetting on-pressPrintDewettingAn adverse appearance of ink on material that is usually solved by coating. (See also "Coating")Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Agate typographyUnitAgateAn agate is a unit of typographical measure. It is 5.5 typographical points, or about 1/14 of an inch. It can refer to either the height of a line of type, or to a font that is 5.5 points. It is considered the smallest point size that can be printed on newsprint and remain legible.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
AnchorProgrammingAnchorAn anchor element is called an anchor because web designers can use it to anchor a URL to some text on a web page. When users view the web page in a browser, they can click the text to activate the link and visit the page whose URL is in the link. Uses the tag.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Coated LensPhotographyCoated LensAn antireflective or anti-reflection (AR) coating is a type of optical coating applied to the surface of lenses and other optical devices to reduce reflection. This improves the efficiency of the system since less light is lost. In complex systems such as a telescope, the reduction in reflections also improves the contrast of the image by elimination of stray light.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Shoulder anatomyTypographyShoulderAn arching stroke is called a shoulder or sometimes just an arch, as in h n m.Terms compiled at
Neon Glow artistic filters effectsPhotoshopNeon GlowAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Adds various types of glows to the objects in an image. This filter is useful for colorizing an image while softening its look. To select a glow color, click the glow box, and select a color from the Color Picker.Terms compiled at
Film Grain artistic filters effectsPhotoshopFilm GrainAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Applies an even pattern to the shadow tones and midtones. A smoother, more saturated pattern is added to the lighter areas. This filter is useful for eliminating banding in blends and visually unifying elements from various sources.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rough Pastels artistic filters effectsPhotoshopRough PastelsAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Applies strokes of pastel chalk on a textured background. In areas of bright color, the chalk appears thick with little texture; in darker areas, the chalk appears scraped off to reveal the texture.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Plastic Wrap artistic filters effectsPhotoshopPlastic WrapAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Coats the image in shiny plastic, accentuating the surface detail.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sponge artistic filters effectsPhotoshopSpongeAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Creates images with highly textured areas of contrasting color, simulating the effect of sponge painting.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Colored Pencil coloured artistic filters effectsPhotoshopColored PencilAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Draws an image using colored pencils on a solid background. Edges are retained and given a rough crosshatch appearance; the solid background color shows through the smoother areas.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Paint Daubs artistic filters effectsPhotoshopPaint DaubsAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Lets you choose from various brush sizes (from 1 to 50) and types for a painterly effect. Brush types include Simple, Light Rough, Dark Rough, Wide Sharp, Wide Blurry, and Sparkle.Terms compiled at
Cutout artistic filters effectsPhotoshopCutoutAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Makes an image appear as though it were constructed from roughly cut pieces of colored paper. High-contrast images appear as if in silhouette, and colored images are built up from several layers of colored paper.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Fresco artistic filters effectsPhotoshopFrescoAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints an image in a coarse style using short, rounded, and hastily applied daubs.Find the original at
Dry Brush artistic filters effectsPhotoshopDry BrushAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints the edges of the image using a dry brush technique (between oil and watercolor). The filter simplifies an image by reducing its range of colors to areas of common color.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Watercolor artistic filters effectsPhotoshopWatercolorAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints the image in a watercolor style using a medium brush loaded with water and color, simplifying details. Where significant tonal changes occur at the edges, the filter saturates the color.Find the original at
Underpainting artistic filters effectsPhotoshopUnderpaintingAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints the image on a textured background, and then paints the final image over it.Find the original at
Palette Knife artistic filters effectsPhotoshopPalette KnifeAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Reduces detail in an image to give the effect of a thinly painted canvas that reveals the texture underneath.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Poster Edges artistic filters effectsPhotoshopPoster EdgesAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Reduces the number of colors in an image (posterizes it) according to the posterization option you set, and finds the edges of the image and draws black lines on them. Large broad areas have simple shading, and fine dark detail is distributed throughout the image.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smudge Stick artistic filters effectsPhotoshopSmudgeAn artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Softens an image using short diagonal strokes to smudge or smear the darker areas. Lighter areas become brighter and lose detail.Find the original at
Autofocus auto focus afPhotographyAutofocusAn autofocus (or AF) optical system uses a sensor, a control system and a motor to focus fully automatic or on a manually selected point or area. An electronic rangefinder has a display instead of the motor; the adjustment of the optical system has to be done manually until indication. The methods are named by the used sensor: Active, passive and hybrid.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Em typographyUnitEmAn em is a unit of measurement in the field of typography, equal to the currently specified point size. The name of em is related to M. Originally the unit was derived from the width of the capital "M" in the given typeface.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
En typographyUnitEnAn en is a typographic unit, half of the width of an em. By definition, it is equivalent to half of the height of the font (e.g. in 16 point type it is 8 points). As its name suggests, it is also traditionally the width of a lowercase letter "n".Terms compiled at
Continuous Tone prepress on-pressPrintContinuous ToneAn image that has an assortment of tone values ranging from dark to light that does not contain halftone dots. A photograph is a continuous-tone image, for example, while a pen-and-ink drawing (also known as line art) formed of pure blacks and whites, is not. Also called a con-tone.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inch lengthUnitInchAn inch (plural: inches; abbreviation or symbol: in or ″ – a double prime) is a unit of length in a number of systems of measurement, including the imperial and United States customary systems.Terms compiled at
Inkjet ink jet digital on-pressPrintInkjetAn inkjet printer is a type of computer printer that reproduces a digital image by propelling variably-sized droplets of liquid material (ink) onto a page.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
IDE acronymsProgrammingIDEAn integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development. An IDE normally consists of a source code editor, build automation tools and a debugger.Terms compiled at
ISP acronymsWebISPAn Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides access to the Internet. Access ISPs directly connect clients to the Internet using copper wires, wireless or fiber-optic connections.Terms compiled at
IntranetWebIntranetAn intranet is a computer network that uses Internet Protocol technology to share information, operational systems, or computing services within an organization.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ordered ListProgrammingOrdered ListAn ordered (enumerated) list. The type attribute can be used to specify the kind of ordering, but stylesheets give more control. The default is Arabic numbering.Find the original at
Custom other filtersPhotoshopCustomAn other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Lets you design your own filter effect. With the Custom filter, you can change the brightness values of each pixel in the image according to a predefined mathematical operation known as convolution. Each pixel is reassigned a value based on the values of surrounding pixels. This operation is similar to the Add and Subtract calculations for channels.Terms compiled at
Offset other filtersPhotoshopOffsetAn other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Moves a selection a specified horizontal or vertical amount, leaving an empty space at the selection’s original location. You can fill the empty area with the current background color, with another part of the image, or with your choice of fill if the selection is near the edge of an image.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
High Pass other filtersPhotoshopHigh PassAn other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Retains edge details in the specified radius where sharp color transitions occur and suppresses the rest of the image. (A radius of 0.1 pixel keeps only edge pixels.) The filter removes low-frequency detail from an image and has an effect opposite to that of the Gaussian Blur filter.\nIt is helpful to apply the High Pass filter to a continuous-tone image before using the Threshold command or converting the image to Bitmap mode. The filter is useful for extracting line art and large black-and-white areas from scanned images.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Maximum other filtersPhotoshopMaximumAn other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Useful for modifying masks. The Maximum filter has the effect of applying a choke—spreading out white areas and choking in black areas. Like the Median filter, the Maximum filter looks at individual pixels in a selection. Within a specified radius, the Maximum filter replaces the current pixel’s brightness value with the highest or lowest brightness value of the surrounding pixels.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Minimum other filtersPhotoshopMinimumAn other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Useful for modifying masks. The Minimum filter has the effect of applying a spread—spreading out black areas and shrinking white areas. Like the Median filter, the Minimum filter looks at individual pixels in a selection. Within a specified radius, the Minimum filter replaces the current pixel’s brightness value with the highest or lowest brightness value of the surrounding pixels.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fibers render filters fibresPhotoshopFibersAn render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Creates the look of woven fibers using the foreground and background colors. You use the Variance slider to control how the colors vary (a low value produces long streaks of color, and a high value results in very short fibers with more varied distribution of color). The Strength slider controls how each fiber looks. A low setting produces a loose weave, and a high setting produces short, stringy fibers. Click the Randomize button to change how the pattern looks; you can click the button a number of times until you find a pattern you like.Terms compiled at
Clouds render filtersPhotoshopCloudsAn render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Generates a soft cloud pattern using random values that vary between the foreground and the background colors.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lighting Effects render filtersPhotoshopLighting EffectsAn render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Lets you produce myriad lighting effects on RGB images by varying 17 light styles, three light types, and four sets of light properties. You can also use textures from grayscale files (called bump maps) to produce 3D-like effects and save your own styles for use in other images.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Lens Flare render filtersPhotoshopLens FlareAn render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Simulates the refraction caused by shining a bright light into a camera lens. Specify a location for the center of the flare by clicking anywhere inside the image thumbnail or by dragging its cross hair.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Difference Clouds render filtersPhotoshopDifference CloudsAn render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Uses randomly generated values that vary between the foreground and background color to produce a cloud pattern. The filter blends the cloud data with the existing pixels in the same way the Difference mode blends colors. The first time you choose this filter, portions of the image are inverted in a cloud pattern. Applying the filter several times creates rib and vein patterns that resemble a marble texture.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Unordered ListProgrammingUnordered ListAn unordered (bulleted) list. Stylesheets can be used to specify the list marker. The default marker is a disc.Terms compiled at
Analogous Colors ColoursColor TheoryAnalogous ColorsAnalogous colors are groups of colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel, with one being the dominant color, which tends to be a primary or secondary color, and two on either side complimenting, which tend to be tertiary.Kuler by AdobeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Android google operating system mobile tabletComputingAndroidAndroid is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later purchased in 2005.Terms compiled at
Anti-Aliasing sharp crisp strong smoothTypographyAnti-AliasingAnti-aliasing refers to a technique to combat the problems of aliasing in a sampled signal such as a digital image. Commonly used in raster typography.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Antiqua (Old Style) romanTypographyAntiqua (Old Style)Antiqua is a style of text used to mimic the hand. Antiqua, Blackletter, Fraktur and Textura are all examples of Handwriting text or Old Style text.Find the original at
Overship on-pressPrintOvershipAny finished labels packaged and sent to the customer beyond the order amount. Denoted at bottom of the Job Ticket. Overship is billable.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Overrun on-pressPrintOverrunAny printed labels beyond the customer order. Includes Aztech setup, Jetrion setup, Overship, etc. Overrun is not billable (unless used for Overship). (See "Overship")Terms compiled at
Aperture PriorityPhotographyAperture PriorityAperture priority, often abbreviated A or Av (for Aperture value) on a camera mode dial, is a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific aperture value while the camera selects a shutter speed to match.Exposure TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Open-Counter anatomyTypographyOpen-CounterAreas of negative space (white space) formed by straight or rounded strokes are called counters. Open counters in a c e f h m n r s t u.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
BalanceConceptBalanceArranging parts to achieve a state of equilibrium between forces of influences. Examples: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Radial.Find the original at
ArtboardIllustratorArtboardArtboards represent the regions that can contain printable artwork. You resize and set the orientation for your artwork by choosing settings in the Artboard Options dialog box.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Artificial LightPhotographyArtificial LightArtificial lighting is the use of lamps and light fixtures to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect (rather than relying on natural sunlight).Lighting TutorialsTerms compiled at
Save For Web adobe photoshop illustratorGeneralSave For WebAs of version 5 and greater, Photoshop includes a very handy "Save for Web" command. This feature allows you to produce a copy of your image that is optimised for Web use. This means that the image file will be as small as possible, and that the image will use only Web-safe colours (if desired). Save for Web can produce GIF, JPEG, or PNG format images.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Auto Exposure Bracketing autobracketingPhotographyAuto Exposure BracketingAutobracketing is a feature of some more advanced cameras, whether film or digital cameras, particularly single-lens reflex cameras, where the camera will take several successive shots (often three) with slightly different settings. Two modes are used: The images are automatically combined, for example Automatic Exposure Bracketing into one High dynamic range image, or the best-looking separately stored pictures can be picked later from the batch.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
BacklightingPhotographyBacklightingBacklighting refers to the process of illuminating the subject from the back. In other words, the lighting instrument and the viewer are facing towards each other, with the subject in between. This causes the edges of the subject to glow, while the other areas remain darker. The backlight can be a natural or artificial source of light. When artificial, the back light is usually placed directly behind the subject in a 4-point lighting setup.Find the original at
Rich Black Colour prepress on-press fundamentalPrintRich BlackBlack made up of all process colors.Find the original at
Blackletter TypeTypographyBlackletter TypeBlackletter, also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately 1150 to well into the 17th century. It continued to be used for the German language until the 20th century. Fraktur is a notable script of this type, and sometimes the entire group of faces is known as Fraktur.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bleed prepress on-press fundamentalGeneralBleedBleed is a printing term that refers to printing that goes beyond the edge of the sheet after trimming. The bleed is the part on the side of a document that gives the printer a small amount of space to account for movement of the paper, and design inconsistencies. Bleed ensures that no unprinted edges occur in the final trimmed document.Find the original at
Directional ForcesConceptDirectional ForcesBoth implied and actual, they help guide the eye and mind movement of the viewer. They can also bind the work into a single entity.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bounce Rate analyticsWebBounce RateBounce rate (sometimes confused with exit rate) is an Internet marketing term used in web traffic analysis. It represents the percentage of visitors who enter the site and "bounce" (leave the site) rather than continue viewing other pages within the same site.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
BurnPhotogrraphyBurnBurning is a term used in photography for a technique used during the printing process to manipulate the exposure of a selected area(s) on a photographic print, deviating from the rest of the image's exposure. This technique is used in programs like Photoshop to simulate darkening images.Terms compiled at
Linear LightBlending ModeLinear LightBurns or dodges the colors by decreasing or increasing the brightness, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened by increasing the brightness. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened by decreasing the brightness.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Vivid LightBlending ModeVivid LightBurns or dodges the colors by increasing or decreasing the contrast, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened by decreasing the contrast. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened by increasing the contrast.Find the original at
C++ plusProgrammingC++C++ is a statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language. It is regarded as an intermediate-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Calligraphy calligraphicTypographyCalligraphyCalligraphy is a type of visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument or brush in one stroke (as opposed to built up lettering, in which the letters are drawn.)Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CamelCase camel caseTypographyCamelCaseCamelCase (or camel case), also known as medial capitals or Pascal case, is a term which refers to the practice of writing compound words having one or more internal uppercase letters. Such words may be formed, for instance, from phrases in which the elements are joined without spaces with each element having a capital letter within the compound.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Camera ShakePhotographyCamera ShakeCamera Shake is a fault in a photograph caused by the camera not being held still enough while the exposure was made. The result is a blurred, or sometimes a double image. Camera shake is more probable in low light or using slow film, where slow shutter speeds are necessary, and when using long (telephoto) lenses which exagerate movement.Terms compiled at
CSS acronyms fundamentalProgrammingCSSCascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document, including plain XML, SVG and XUL.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CTR acronyms analyticsWebCTRClick-through rate (CTR) is a way of measuring the success of an online advertising campaign for a particular website as well as the effectiveness of an email campaign by the number of users that clicked on a specific link.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Clipart clip artGeneralClipartClip art, in the graphic arts, refers to pre-made images used to illustrate any medium. See also: Stock PhotographyFind the original at
Cloud icloudComputingCloudCloud computing is the use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as a service over a network (typically the Internet). The name comes from the use of a cloud-shaped symbol as an abstraction for the complex infrastructure it contains in system diagrams.Find the original at
ChannelPhotoshopChannelColor digital images are made of pixels, and pixels are made of combinations of primary colors. A channel in this context is the grayscale image of the same size as a color image, made of just one of these primary colors. For instance, an image from a standard digital camera will have a red, green and blue channel. A grayscale image has just one channel.Terms compiled at
Kelvin color colour temperatureUnitKelvinColor temperature is a characteristic of visible light that has important applications in lighting, photography, videography, publishing, manufacturing, astrophysics, horticulture, and other fields. The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black body radiator that radiates light of comparable hue to that of the light source. 5000 K refer to normal daylight.Find the original at
Lighter Color ColourBlending ModeLighter ColorCompares the total of all channel values for the blend and base color and displays the higher value color. Lighter Color does not produce a third color, which can result from the Lighten blend, because it chooses the highest channel values from both the base and blend color to create the result color.Terms compiled at
Darker Color ColourBlending ModeDarker ColorCompares the total of all channel values for the blend and base color and displays the lower value color. Darker Color does not produce a third color, which can result from the Darken blend, because it chooses the lowest channel values from both the base and the blend color to create the result color.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Complementary Colors ColoursColor TheoryComplementary ColorsComplementary colors are pairs of colors that are of “opposite” hue in some color model. The exact hue “complementary” to a given hue depends on the model in question, and perceptually uniform, additive, and subtractive color models, for example, have differing complements for any given color.Kuler by AdobeDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CompositeGeneralCompositeCompositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene. Live-action shooting for compositing is variously called "chroma key", "blue screen", "green screen" and other names. Today, most, though not all, compositing is achieved through digital image manipulation.Find the original at
Conditional CommentProgrammingConditional CommentConditional comments are conditional statements interpreted by Microsoft Internet Explorer in HTML source code. Conditional comments can be used to provide and hide code to and from Internet Explorer. Support has been discontinued as of IE10.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cones color colour visionVisionConesCone cells, or cones, are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that are responsible for color vision; they function best in relatively bright light, as opposed to rod cells that work better in dim light. Cone cells are densely packed in the fovea, but quickly reduce in number towards the periphery of the retina.Terms compiled at
Consumer BehaviourConceptConsumer BehaviourConsumer behaviour is the study of individuals, groups, or organizations and the processes they use to select, secure, and dispose of products, services, experiences, or ideas to satisfy needs and the impacts that these processes have on the consumer and society.Terms compiled at
Body Copy fundamentalGeneralBody CopyCopy refers to written material, in contrast to photographs or other elements of layout, in a large number of contexts, including magazines, advertising, and book publishing.Terms compiled at
CopyrightGeneralCopyrightCopyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time. Generally, it is "the right to copy", but also gives the copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and other related rights. It is a form of intellectual property (like the patent, the trademark, and the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete.Terms compiled at
CorelDraw corel drawApplicationCorelDRAWCorelDraw (styled CorelDRAW) is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel Corporation of Ottawa, Canada. It is also the name of Corel's Graphics Suite, which bundles CorelDraw with a bitmap image editor, Corel PhotoPaint, and other graphics-related programs.TutorialsDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CPM acronymsWebCPMCost per impression, often abbreviated to CPI, is a term used in online advertising and marketing related to web traffic. It refers to the cost of internet marketing or email advertising campaigns where advertisers pay for every time an ad is displayed. CPM, where M stands for thousand, is a cost per 1,000 impressions.Find the original at
LuminosityBlending ModeLuminosityCreates a result color with the hue and saturation of the base color and the luminance of the blend color. This mode creates the inverse effect of Color mode.Find the original at
SaturationBlending ModeSaturationCreates a result color with the luminance and hue of the base color and the saturation of the blend color. Painting with this mode in an area with no (0) saturation (gray) causes no change.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
HueBlending ModeHueCreates a result color with the luminance and saturation of the base color and the hue of the blend color.Terms compiled at
Color ColourBlending ModeColorCreates a result color with the luminance of the base color and the hue and saturation of the blend color. This preserves the gray levels in the image and is useful for coloring monochrome images and for tinting color images.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ExclusionBlending ModeExclusionCreates an effect similar to but lower in contrast than the Difference mode. Blending with white inverts the base color values. Blending with black produces no change.Terms compiled at
Crop fundamentalGeneralCropCropping refers to the removal of the outer parts of an image to improve framing, accentuate subject matter or change aspect ratio.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rem typographyUnitRemCSS3 introduces a few new units, including the rem unit, which stands for "root em". The em unit is relative to the font-size of the parent, which causes the compounding issue. The rem unit is relative to the root—or the html—element.Find the original at
Process Colors Colours prepress on-pressPrintProcess ColorsCyan, magenta, yellow, and black (key). Subtractive colors used to make photographic imagery. Combination of all colors creates black. (See "CMYK")Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Soft LightBlending ModeSoft LightDarkens or lightens the colors, depending on the blend color. The effect is similar to shining a diffused spotlight on the image. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened as if it were dodged. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened as if it were burned in. Painting with pure black or white produces a distinctly darker or lighter area, but does not result in pure black or white.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DesaturatePhotoshopDesaturateDesaturation is the reduction of colorfulness in image processing. It also refers to the conversion of a saturated compound into an unsaturated compound by a removal of two hydrogen molecules and the creation of a double bond.Terms compiled at
Butt Cut on-pressPrintButt CutDescribes a style of label where the corners of the labels are square (not rounded or die-cut). There is only one cut and no waste or strip left, between labels. Cuts only in the transverse direction. Art should not bleed in around direction.Find the original at
Didone (Modern) roman bodoni didot vertrina walbaumTypographyDidone (Modern)Didone is a typeface category recognized by the Association Typographique Internationale (AtypI), and part of the VOX-ATypI classification system. It is characterized by straight (hairline) serifs without brackets, vertical orientation of weight axes. (The vertical parts of letters are thick.), strong contrast between thick and thin lines. (Horizontal parts of letters are thin in comparison to the vertical parts.), and an unornamented, "modern" appearance.Find the original at
Digital Printing on-pressPrintDigital PrintingDigital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital based image directly to a variety of media. It usually refers to professional printing where small run jobs from desktop publishing and other digital sources are printed using large format and/or high volume laser or inkjet printers. Digital printing has a higher cost per page than more traditional offset printing methods but this price is usually offset by the cost saving in avoiding all the technical steps in between needed to make printing plates. It also allows for on demand printing, short turn around, and even a modification of the image (variable data) with each impression.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DSLR acronymsPhotographyDSLRDigital single-lens reflex cameras (also named digital SLR or DSLR) are digital cameras combining the parts of a single-lens reflex camera (SLR) and a digital camera back, replacing the photographic film.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DSL acronymsWebDSLDigital subscriber line (DSL, originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that provide Internet access by transmitting digital data over the wires of a local telephone network. In telecommunications marketing, the term DSL is widely understood to mean asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL), the most commonly installed DSL technology.Find the original at
DVI acronymsComputingDVIDigital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG). The digital interface is used to connect a video source to a display device, such as a computer monitor.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Display FontTypographyDisplay FontDisplay type refers to the use of type at large sizes, perhaps 30 points or larger. Some typefaces are considered useful solely at display sizes, and hence are known as display faces.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fixed-FocusPhotographyFixed-Focusdisposable camerasDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dither on-pressPrintDitherDither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing a visible stitch. (See also "Stitch")Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DitherGeneralDitherDither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing large-scale patterns such as color banding in images. Dither is routinely used in processing of both digital audio and digital video data.Find the original at
DodgePhotogrraphyDodgeDodging is a term used in photography for a technique used during the printing process to manipulate the exposure of a selected area(s) on a photographic print, deviating from the rest of the image's exposure. This technique is used in programs like Photoshop to simulate lightening images.Find the original at
GainGeneralGainDot gain (also known as Tonal Value Increase) is a phenomenon in offset lithography and some other forms of printing which causes printed material to look darker than intended. It is caused by halftone dots growing in area between the original printing film and the final printed result. In practice, this means that an image that has not been adjusted to account for dot gain will appear too dark when it is printed.Terms compiled at
Dots Per Inch ppi points fundamentalGeneralDots Per InchDots per inch (DPI) is a measure of spatial printing or video dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm). The DPI value tends to correlate with image resolution, but is related only indirectly.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CDR .cdr formatFile ExtensionCDRDrawing (or vector image) created with CorelDRAW; proprietary format used by Corel software and is not recognized by most image editing programs; if opened in CorelDRAW, the file can be exported in other more compatible formats.Terms compiled at
Drupal CMSWebDrupalDrupal is a free and open-source content management framework (CMF) written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License.Find the original at
DuotoneGeneralDuotoneDuotone is a halftone reproduction of an image using the superimposition of one contrasting colour halftone (traditionally black) over another color halftone. This is most often used to bring out middle tones and highlights of an image. The most common colors used are blue, yellow, browns and reds.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DissolveBlending ModeDissolveEdits or paints each pixel to make it the result color. However, the result color is a random replacement of the pixels with the base color or the blend color, depending on the opacity at any pixel location.Terms compiled at
NormalBlending ModeNormalEdits or paints each pixel to make it the result color. This is the default mode. (Normal mode is called Threshold when you’re working with a bitmapped or indexed-color image.)Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ellipsis ...TypographyEllipsisEllipsis (plural ellipses; from the Ancient Greek: ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, "omission" or "falling short") is a series of dots that usually indicate an intentional omission of a word, sentence or whole section from the original text being quoted. The triple-dot punctuation mark is also called a suspension point, points of ellipsis, periods of ellipsis, or colloquially, dot-dot-dot.Find the original at
EPS .eps acronyms formatFile ExtensionEPSEncapsulated PostScript, or EPS, is a DSC-conforming PostScript document with additional restrictions which is intended to be usable as a graphics file format. In other words, EPS files are more or less self-contained, reasonably predictable PostScript documents that describe an image or drawing and can be placed within another PostScript document.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Emphasis and SubordinationConceptEphasis & SubordinationEstablishing centers of interest which focus the viewer’s attention. If all the elements are given relatively equal weight, there will be no emphasis.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
EthernetWebEthernetEthernet is a family of computer networking technologies for local area networks (LANs). Ethernet was commercially introduced in 1980 and standardized in 1985 as IEEE 802.3. Ethernet has largely replaced competing wired LAN technologies.Find the original at
Exposure CompensationPhotographyExposure CompensationExposure compensation is a technique for adjusting the exposure indicated by a photographic exposure meter, in consideration of factors that may cause the indicated exposure to result in a less-than-optimal image. Factors considered may include unusual lighting distribution, variations within a camera system, filters, non-standard processing, or intended underexposure or overexposure.Terms compiled at
OverexposurePhotographyOverexposureExposure of film to light during the development process for a longer time than is required to accurately produce the image.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Expression Engine CMSWebExpression EngineExpressionEngine is a content management system developed by EllisLab. ExpressionEngine is intended to be simpler to use than other content management systems; for instance, it requires no knowledge of PHP, and has extensive online documentation.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
XML acronymProgrammingXMLExtensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. It is defined in the XML 1.0 Specification produced by the W3C, and several other related specifications, all gratis open standards.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
FeatherPhotoshopFeatherFeathering is a technique used in computer graphics software to smooth or blur the edges of a feature. The term is inherited from a technique of fine retouching using fine feathers.Find the original at
FTP acronymsProgrammingFTPFile Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host or to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ISO Speed exposure indexPhotographyISO SpeedFilm speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system. A closely related ISO system is used to measure the sensitivity of digital imaging systems.Exposure TutorialDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fitts's Law fitts rule of target sizeConceptFitts's LawFitts' law (often cited as Fitts's law) is a model of human movement primarily used in human–computer interaction and ergonomics that predicts that the time required to rapidly move to a target area is a function of the distance to the target and the size of the target. Fitts's law is used to model the act of pointing, either by physically touching an object with a hand or finger, or virtually, by pointing to an object on a computer monitor using a pointing device. It was proposed by Paul Fitts in 1954.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Flash MemoryComputingFlash MemoryFlash memory is an electronic (i.e. no moving parts) non-volatile computer storage device that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
FLV .flv formatFile ExtensionFLVFlash Video is a container file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player versions 6–11. Flash Video content may also be embedded within SWF files. There are two different video file formats known as Flash Video: FLV and F4V.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
FlexographyPrintFlexographyFlexography (often abbreviated to flexo) is a form of printing process which utilizes a flexible relief plate. It is essentially a modern version of letterpress which can be used for printing on almost any type of substrate, including plastic, metallic films, cellophane, and paper. It is widely used for printing on the non-porous substrates required for various types of food packaging (it is also well suited for printing large areas of solid color).Find the original at
FPO for position only placement acronymsGeneralFPOFPO equates to "for position only" or "for placement only". Blank placeholders or temporary low-resolution illustrations are watermarked or stamped with the acronym FPO to indicate where the final version of an image is to be placed in the final file, film, or plate.Terms compiled at
FPS acronymsPhotographyFPSFrame rate (also known as frame frequency) is the frequency (rate) at which an imaging device produces unique consecutive images called frames. The term applies equally well to film and video cameras, computer graphics, and motion capture systems. Frame rate is most often expressed in frames per second (FPS) and is also expressed in progressive scan monitors as hertz (Hz).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
GammaGeneralGammaGamma correction, gamma nonlinearity, gamma encoding, or often simply gamma, is the name of a nonlinear operation used to code and decode luminance or tristimulus values in video or still image systems. Gamma encoding of images is required to compensate for properties of human vision, to maximize the use of the bits or bandwidth relative to how humans perceive light and color.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gecko firefox mozilla layout engineWebGeckoGecko is a free and open source layout engine used in many applications developed by Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation (notably the Firefox web browser), as well as in many other open source software projects.Download FirefoxTerms compiled at
Front-Curtain SyncPhotographyFront-Curtain SyncGenerally, the flash sync fires at the instant the front curtain has fully opened. This is called front curtain sync, and it is used where it is desired that the flash freeze motion at the beginning of the exposure. Front curtain sync is adequate for most flash-photography.Slow Sync GalleryTerms compiled at
GeolocationProgrammingGeolocationGeolocation is the identification of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar, mobile phone or an Internet-connected computer terminal. Geolocation may refer to the practice of assessing the location, or to the actual assessed location.Find the original at
Gestalt Design LawsConceptGestaltGestalt psychology is a theory of mind and brain. Its principle is that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts. "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts."Terms compiled at
Ghosting on-pressPrintGhostingGhosting in sheetfed offset printing refers to the phenomenon in which glossy darker areas are visible on the back of otherwise evenly colored surfaces with high ink concentration. The image on the front side reappears in the ghosting area.Find the original at
GIF .gif animated acronyms formatFile ExtensionGIFGIF ("Graphics Interchange Format") is a bitmap image format that was introduced by CompuServe in 1987 and has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability. The format supports up to 8 bits per pixel thus allowing a single image to reference a palette of up to 256 distinct colors. The colors are chosen from the 24-bit RGB color space. It also supports animations and allows a separate palette of 256 colors for each frame.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gimp program acronymsApplicationGimpGIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is an image retouching and editing tool and is released under the GPLv3 license as free and open-source software.Tutorials / DownloadDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chrome webkit google user agentWebChromeGoogle Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google that uses the WebKit layout engine. It was released as a beta version for Microsoft Windows on September 2, 2008, and as a stable public release on December 11, 2008.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hanging PunctuationTypographyHanging PunctuationHanging punctuation or exdentation is a way of typesetting punctuation marks and bullet points, most commonly quotation marks and hyphens, so that they do not disrupt the ‘flow’ of a body of text or ‘break’ the margin of alignment. It is so called because the punctuation appears to ‘hang’ in the margin of the text, and is not incorporated into the block or column of text. It is commonly used when text is fully justified.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hard-CodingProgrammingHard-CodingHard coding (also, hard-coding or hardcoding) refers to the software development practice of embedding what may, perhaps only in retrospect, be regarded as input or configuration data directly into the source code of a program or other executable object, or fixed formatting of the data, instead of obtaining that data from external sources or generating data or formatting in the program itself with the given input.Terms compiled at
HDMI acronymsComputingHDMIHDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a compact audio/video interface for transferring uncompressed video data and compressed/uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant device ("the source device") to a compatible digital audio device, computer monitor, video projector, or digital television.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Hick's Law hicks paradox of choiceConceptHick's LawHick's Law, named after British psychologist William Edmund Hick, or the Hick–Hyman Law (for Ray Hyman), describes the time it takes for a person to make a decision as a result of the possible choices he or she has. The Hick-Hyman Law assesses cognitive information capacity in choice reaction experiments. The amount of time taken to process a certain amount of bits in the Hick-Hyman Law is known as the rate of gain of information.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
HDR acronymsPhotogrraphyHDRHigh Dynamic Range Imaging (HDRI or HDR) is a set of methods used in imaging and photography to allow a greater dynamic range between the lightest and darkest areas of an image than current standard digital imaging methods or photographic methods.TutorialFind the original at
HSB Colour acronymsColor ModeHSBHSL and HSV are the two most common cylindrical-coordinate representations of points in an RGB color model. The two representations rearrange the geometry of RGB in an attempt to be more intuitive and perceptually relevant than the cartesian (cube) representation. HSV stands for hue, saturation, and value, and is also often called HSB (B for brightness).Find the original at
Referral analytics traffic sourceWebReferralHTTP referer (originally a misspelling of referrer) is an HTTP header field that identifies the address of the webpage (i.e. the URI or IRI) that linked to the resource being requested. By checking the referer, the new webpage can see where the request originated. In the most common situation this means that when a user clicks a hyperlink in a web browser, the browser sends a request to the server holding the destination webpage. The request includes the referer field, which says the last page the user was on (the one where they clicked the link).Terms compiled at
HTML acronyms fundamentalProgrammingHTMLHyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the main markup language for displaying web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Faux BoldTypographyFaux BoldIf text is styled as bold and the typeface family does not include a bold font, browsers will compensate by trying to create a bold style themselves. The results are an awkward mimicry of real type design.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Faux ItalicTypographyFaux ItalicIf text is styled as italic and the typeface family does not include an italic font, browsers will compensate by trying to create an italic styles themselves. The results are an awkward mimicry of real type design.Terms compiled at
Vector fundamentalGeneralVectorImagery created using Boolean curves as opposed to pixels. Can be scaled infinitely without loss of quality.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Initial drop cap initiums historiated illuminated manuscriptsTypographyInitialIn a written or published work, an initial is a letter at the beginning of a work, a chapter, or a paragraph that is larger than the rest of the text.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Deboss on-pressPrintDebossIn binding and finishing, the reverse of embossing, or the use of heated dies to stamp or press a depressed (intaglio) image into a substrate.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Registration Alignment on-pressPrintRegistration (Alignment)In color printing, registration is the method of correlating overlapping colors on one single image. There are many different styles and types of registration, many of which employ the alignment of specific marks.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Root folder fundamentalProgrammingRootIn computer file systems, the root directory is the first or top-most directory in a hierarchy.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gradation fundamental gradientGeneralGradationIn computer graphics, a color gradient (sometimes called a color ramp or color progression) specifies a range of position-dependent colors, usually used to fill a region.Find the original at
Raster fundamentalGeneralRasterIn computer graphics, a raster graphics image, or bitmap, is a dot matrix data structure representing a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or points of color, viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium. Raster images are stored in image files with varying formats.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SpriteWebSpriteIn computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional image or animation that is integrated into a larger scene. Initially including just graphical objects handled separately from the memory bitmap of a video display, this now includes various manners of graphical overlays. Also known as a Player-Missle Graphic, Movable Object Block (MOB), OBJ (object), Blitter Objects (BOB or BLOB), Z-Sprite, or Imposter.Terms compiled at
Alpha rgbaGeneralAlphaIn computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ResampleGeneralResampleIn computer graphics, image scaling is the process of resizing a digital image. Scaling is a non-trivial process that involves a trade-off between efficiency, smoothness and sharpness. With bitmap graphics, as the size of an image is reduced or enlarged, the pixels which comprise the image become increasingly visible, making the image appear "soft" if pixels are averaged, or jagged if not.Terms compiled at
SwatchGeneralSwatchIn computer graphics, the term has come to mean a palette of active colorsFind the original at
Auto Trace vectorGeneralAuto TraceIn computer graphics, vectorization refers to the process of converting raster graphics into vector graphics.Online Auto TracerTerms compiled at
Mask fundamentalGeneralMaskIn computer graphics, when a given image is intended to be placed over a background, the transparent areas can be specified through a binary mask. This way, for each intended image there are actually two bitmaps: the actual image, in which the unused areas are given a pixel value with all bits set to 0's, and an additional mask, in which the correspondent image areas are given a pixel value of all bits set to 0s and the surrounding areas a value of all bits set to 1s. Masking gets its name from photography/painting where masking tape would be used to prevent exposure to unwanted areas.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
BandwidthWebBandwidthIn computer networking and computer science, the words bandwidth, network bandwidth, data bandwidth, or digital bandwidth are terms used to refer to various bit-rate measures, representing the available or consumed data communication resources expressed in bits per second or multiples of it (bit/s, kbit/s, Mbit/s, Gbit/s, etc.).Terms compiled at
ProxyWebProxyIn computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers. A client connects to the proxy server, requesting some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource available from a different server and the proxy server evaluates the request as a way to simplify and control its complexity.Find the original at
DownloadWebDownloadIn computer networks, to download means to receive data to a local system from a remote system, or to initiate such a data transfer. Examples of a remote system from which a download might be performed include a web server, FTP server, email server, or other similar systems.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
WYSIWYG acronyms fundamentalGeneralWYSIWYGIn computing, a WYSIWYG editor is a system in which content (text and graphics) displayed onscreen during editing appears in a form closely corresponding to its appearance when printed or displayed as a finished product, which might be a printed document, web page, or slide presentation. WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get".Find the original at
CProgrammingCIn computing, C is a general-purpose programming language initially developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs. Its design provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, most notably system software like the Unix computer operating system.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
GUI acronymsComputingGUIIn computing, Graphical user interface (GUI) is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices using images rather than text commands.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Indexed Color ColourColor ModeIndexed ColorIn computing, indexed color is a technique to manage digital images' colors in a limited fashion, in order to save computer memory and file storage, while speeding up display refresh and file transfers. It is a form of vector quantization compression.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
POP acronymsWebPOPIn computing, the Post Office Protocol (POP) is an application-layer Internet standard protocol used by local e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection. POP and IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) are the two most prevalent Internet standard protocols for e-mail retrieval.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Back EndProgrammingBack EndIn content management systems the terms back end refers to the administrative view or hard-coded pages.Terms compiled at
Front EndProgrammingFront EndIn content management systems the terms front end refers to the end-user facing views of the CMS.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pixel fundamentalComputingPixelIn digital imaging, a pixel, or pel, (picture element) is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in a display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.Find the original at
Cropped Frame CameraPhotographyCropped Frame CameraIn digital photography, a crop factor is related to the ratio of the dimensions of a camera's imaging area compared to a reference format; most often, this term is applied to digital cameras, relative to 35 mm film format as a reference.Find the original at
Post-ProcessingPhotographyPost-ProcessingIn digital video, photography, television and film, post-production refers to the tasks that must be completed or executed after the filming or shooting ends.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Concatenate concatinateProgrammingConcatenateIn formal language theory and computer programming, string concatenation is the operation of joining two character strings end-to-end. For example, the concatenation of "snow" and "ball" is "snowball". In many programming languages, string concatenation is a binary infix operator. The "+" operator is often overloaded to denote concatenation for string arguments: "Hello, " + "World"; has the value "Hello, World".Find the original at
DistortionPhotographyDistortionIn geometric optics and cathode ray tube (CRT) displays, distortion is a deviation from rectilinear projection, a projection in which straight lines in a scene remain straight in an image. It is a form of optical aberration.Optical AberrationsDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
FocusPhotographyFocusIn geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge. Although the focus is conceptually a point, physically the focus has a spatial extent, called the blur circle. This non-ideal focusing may be caused by aberrations of the imaging optics. In the absence of significant aberrations, the smallest possible blur circle is the Airy disc, which is caused by diffraction from the optical system's aperture. Aberrations tend to get worse as the aperture diameter increases, while the Airy circle is smallest for large apertures.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ComprehensiveGeneralComprehensiveIn graphic design and advertising, a comprehensive layout or comprehensive, usually shortened to comp, is the page layout of a proposed design as initially presented by the designer to a client, showing the relative positions of text and illustrations before the final content of those elements has been decided upon. The comp thus serves as a draft of the final layout, and (if approved) is used as guide for further design changes and, ultimately, production.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Hard CopyPrintHard CopyIn information handling, a hard copy is a permanent reproduction, or copy, in the form of a physical object, of any media suitable for direct use by a person (in particular paper), of displayed or transmitted data. Examples of hard copy include teleprinter pages, continuous printed tapes, computer printouts, and radio photo prints. Magnetic tapes, diskettes, and non-printed punched paper tapes are not hard copies. Information sent via fax or email is not a hard copy.Terms compiled at
Lossy fundamentalGeneralLossyIn information technology, "lossy" compression is a data encoding method that compresses data by discarding (losing) some of it. The procedure aims to minimize the amount of data that needs to be held, handled, and/or transmitted by a computer.Find the original at
Conversions analyticsWebConversionsIn internet marketing, the conversion rate is the proportion of visitors to a website who take action to go beyond a casual content view or website visit, as a result of subtle or direct requests from marketers, advertisers, and content creators.Find the original at
RomanTypographyRomanIn Latin-script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic. Roman type was modelled from a European scribal manuscript style of the 1400s, based on the pairing of inscriptional capitals used in ancient Rome with Carolingian minuscules developed in the Holy Roman Empire.Terms compiled at
MockupGeneralMockupIn manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes. A mockup is a prototype if it provides at least part of the functionality of a system and enables testing of a design.Terms compiled at
Golden Ratio phi section mean extreme medial divine proportion cut number phidias divine proportionConceptGolden RatioIn mathematics and the arts, two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio of the sum of the quantities to the larger quantity is equal to the ratio of the larger quantity to the smaller one. The figure on the right illustrates the geometric relationship.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Fibonacci number sequence fibbonacci fibbonnaci fibbonaci fibonnacci fibonaci seriesConceptFibonacci SequenceIn mathematics, the Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, ... The Fibonacci sequence is named after Leonardo of Pisa, who was known as Fibonacci. Fibonacci's 1202 book Liber Abaci introduced the sequence to Western European mathematics, although the sequence had been described earlier in Indian mathematics.Find the original at
Proportional fundamentalGeneralProportionalIn mathematics, two variables are proportional if a change in one is always accompanied by a change in the other, and if the changes are always related by use of a constant. The constant is called the coefficient of proportionality or proportionality constant. Alternatively, we can say that one of the variables is proportional to the other.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ServerComputingServerIn most common use, a server is a physical computer (a computer hardware system) dedicated to run one or more services (as a host), to serve the needs of the users of other computers on a network.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
BooleanGeneralBooleanIn most computer programming languages, a Boolean is a data type with only two possible values: true or false.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Screen Angles prepress on-pressPrintScreen AnglesIn offset printing, the screen angle is the angle at which the halftones of a separated color is outputted to a lithographic film, hence, printed on final product media.Terms compiled at
Landing PageWebLanding PageIn online marketing a landing page, sometimes known as a "lead capture page" or a "lander", is a single web page that appears in response to clicking on a search engine optimized search result or an online advertisement. The landing page will usually display directed sales copy that is a logical extension of the advertisement, search result or link.Find the original at
ComaPhotographyComaIn optics (especially telescopes), the coma (aka comatic aberration) in an optical system refers to aberration inherent to certain optical designs or due to imperfection in the lens or other components which results in off-axis point sources such as stars appearing distorted, appearing to have a tail (coma) like a comet.Optical AberrationsTerms compiled at
DiaphragmPhotographyDiaphragmIn optics, a diaphragm is a thin opaque structure with an opening (aperture) at its center. The role of the diaphragm is to stop the passage of light, except for the light passing through the aperture. Thus it is also called a stop (an aperture stop, if it limits the brightness of light reaching the focal plane, or a field stop or flare stop for other uses of diaphragms in lenses).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Aperture fundamentalPhotographyApertureIn optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels. More specifically, the aperture of an optical system is the opening that determines the cone angle of a bundle of rays that come to a focus in the image plane.Exposure TutorialTerms compiled at
Chromatic AberrationPhotographyChromatic AberrationIn optics, chromatic aberration (CA, also called achromatism or chromatic distortion) is a type of distortion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point. It occurs because lenses have a different refractive index for different wavelengths of light (the dispersion of the lens). The refractive index decreases with increasing wavelength.Optical AberrationsDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Depth of FieldPhotographyDepth of FieldIn optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, depth of field (DOF) is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image. Although a lens can precisely focus at only one distance at a time, the decrease in sharpness is gradual on each side of the focused distance, so that within the DOF, the unsharpness is imperceptible under normal viewing conditions.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
f/stop f-stop f-number f stop fstopPhotographyf/stopIn optics, the f-number (sometimes called focal ratio, f-ratio, f-stop, or relative aperture) of an optical system is the ratio of the lens's focal length to the diameter of the entrance pupil. It is a dimensionless number that is a quantitative measure of lens speed, and an important concept in photography.Exposure TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Miniscule lower caseTypographyMinisculeIn orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (capital letters, caps, majuscule, upper-case, or uppercase) and smaller lower case (minuscule, etc.) letters in certain languages. The term originated with the shallow drawers called type cases still used to hold the movable type for letterpress printing.Terms compiled at
Facing Pages on-press prepressPrintFacing PagesIn page layout and typography, a spread (often redundantly called a two-page spread) is the unit formed by two adjacent, facing pages in a magazine or other publication, featuring a single image (such as a photograph or piece of artwork) or a themed group of images (such as a flowchart or collection of maps). The line down the middle where the pages come together is called the gutter.Terms compiled at
GutterTypographyGutterIn page layout and typography, a spread (often redundantly called a two-page spread) is the unit formed by two adjacent, facing pages in a magazine or other publication, featuring a single image (such as a photograph or piece of artwork) or a themed group of images (such as a flowchart or collection of maps). The line down the middle where the pages come together is called the gutter.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Double Exposure multiplePhotographyDouble ExposureIn photography and cinematography, a multiple exposure is the superimposition of two or more exposures to create a single image, and double exposure has a corresponding meaning in respect of two images. The exposure values may or may not be identical to each other.Find the original at
Ambient LightPhotographyAmbient LightIn photography and cinematography, available light or ambient light refers to any source of light that is not explicitly supplied by the photographer for the purpose of taking photos.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Greyscale Grayscale ColourColor ModeGreyscaleIn photography and computing, a grayscale or greyscale digital image is an image in which the value of each pixel is a single sample, that is, it carries only intensity information. Images of this sort, also known as black-and-white, are composed exclusively of shades of gray, varying from black at the weakest intensity to white at the strongest.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
White BalancePhotographyWhite BalanceIn photography and image processing, color balance is the global adjustment of the intensities of the colors (typically red, green, and blue primary colors). An important goal of this adjustment is to render specific colors – particularly neutral colors – correctly; hence, the general method is sometimes called gray balance, neutral balance, or white balance. Color balance changes the overall mixture of colors in an image and is used for color correction; generalized versions of color balance are used to get colors other than neutrals to also appear correct or pleasing.Find the original at
Negative invertPhotographyNegativeIn photography, a negative is an image, usually on a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film, in which the lightest areas of the photographed subject appear darkest and the darkest areas appear lightest. This reversed order occurs because of the extremely light-sensitive chemicals a camera film must use to capture an image quick enough for ordinary picture-taking, which are darkened, rather than bleached, by exposure to light and subsequent photographic processing.Find the original at
Shutter fundamentalPhotographyShutterIn photography, a shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period of time, for the purpose of exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensor to light to capture a permanent image of a scene. A shutter can also be used to allow pulses of light to pass outwards, as in a movie projector or signal lamp.Exposure TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bokeh bokuh blurPhotogrraphyBokehIn photography, bokeh is the blur, or the aesthetic quality of the blur, in out-of-focus areas of an image. Bokeh has been defined as "the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light".Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
BracketingPhotographyBracketingIn photography, bracketing is the general technique of taking several shots of the same subject using different camera settings. Bracketing is useful and often recommended in situations that make it difficult to obtain a satisfactory image with a single shot, especially when a small variation in exposure parameters has a comparatively large effect on the resulting image. Autobracketing is automatic bracketing by using a setting on the camera to take several bracketed shots (in contrast to the photographer altering the settings by hand between each shot).Find the original at
ExposurePhotographyExposureIn photography, exposure is the amount of light allowed to fall on each area unit of a photographic medium (photographic film or image sensor) during the process of taking a photograph. Exposure is measured in lux seconds, and can be computed from exposure value (EV) and scene luminance in a specified region.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Intervalometer remote time lapsePhotographyIntervalometerIn photography, intervalometers are used to trigger exposures. This is often done for a time-lapse series. It may also be used to take, or begin taking, picture(s) after a set delay.Find the original at
PanPhotographyPanIn photography, panning refers to the rotation in a horizontal plane of a still camera or video camera. Panning a camera results in a motion similar to that of someone shaking their head "no" or of an aircraft performing a yaw rotation. Or to that of an opening door if the door stays facing one way.Terms compiled at
Moire moiré prepress on-pressPrintMoiréIn physics, a moiré pattern is an interference pattern created, for example, when two grids are overlaid at an angle, or when they have slightly different mesh sizes. In graphic arts and prepress, the usual technology for printing full-color images involves the superimposition of halftone screens. These are regular rectangular dot patterns—often four of them, printed in cyan, yellow, magenta, and black. Some kind of moiré pattern is inevitable, but in favorable circumstances the pattern is "tight;" that is, the spatial frequency of the moiré is so high that it is not noticeable.Find the original at
Ascender HeightTypographyAscender HeightIn printed text, the distance from the baseline of a given font to the top of the character box.Find the original at
Crop Marks effectsIllustratorCrop MarksIn printing, marks placed at the corners of a form to indicate where the page is to be trimmed.Terms compiled at
Waste prepress on-pressPrintWasteIn printing, waste is characterized by sheets of paper (or other substrate or materials) used to set up the press before the print run proper begins. It also refers to any material thrown away after die cutting. Waste can also refer to extraneous labor used on a job.Terms compiled at
Color Sequence Colour on-pressPrintColor SequenceIn process color printing, the order in which the colors are printed. In offset lithography, for example, the common printing sequence is black, cyan, magenta, and yellow. Also called color sequence and laydown sequence.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dummy Greek Lorem Ipsum Placeholder text dolor sit ametGeneralDummyIn publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is placeholder text (filler text) commonly used to demonstrate the graphics elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout, by removing the distraction of meaningful content. The lorem ipsum text is typically a section of a Latin text by Cicero with words altered, added and removed that make it nonsensical in meaning and not proper Latin.Terms compiled at
Callout call outTypographyCalloutIn publishing, a call-out or callout is a short string of text connected by a line, arrow, or similar graphic to a feature of an illustration or technical drawing, and giving information about that feature. The term is also used to describe a short piece of text set in larger type than the rest of the page and intended to attract attention.Find the original at
Alias stair step jaggies aliasingTypographyAliasIn signal processing and related disciplines, aliasing refers to an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled. It also refers to the distortion or artifact that results when the signal reconstructed from samples is different from the original continuous signal.TutorialFind the original at
Histogram ColourGeneralHistogramIn statistics, a histogram is a graphical representation showing a visual impression of the distribution of data. A histogram consists of tabular frequencies, shown as adjacent rectangles, erected over discrete intervals (bins), with an area equal to the frequency of the observations in the interval.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bookmark favorite favourite .weblocWebBookmarkIn the context of the World Wide Web, a bookmark is a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that is stored for later retrieval in any of various storage formats. All modern web browsers include bookmark features. Also called favorites or Internet shortcuts.Find the original at
PunchcuttingTypographyPunchcuttingIn traditional typography, punchcutting is the craft of cutting letter punches in steel from which matrices were made in copper for type founding in the letterpress era. Cutting punches and casting type was the first step of traditional typesetting. The cutting of letter punches was a highly skilled craft requiring much patience and practice. Often the designer of the type would not be personally involved in the cutting.Find the original at
OvershootTypographyOvershootIn typeface design, the overshoot of a round or pointed letter (like O or A) is the degree to which it extends higher or lower than a comparably sized "flat" letter (like X or H), to achieve an optical effect of being the same size.Find the original at
Left Align rag right fundamentalTypographyLeft AlignIn typesetting and page layout, alignment or range, is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell or tab. The type alignment setting is sometimes referred to as text alignment, text justification or type justification. Flush left means the text is aligned along the left margin or gutter, also known as left-aligned or ragged right.Find the original at
Right Align rag left fundamentalTypographyRight AlignIn typesetting and page layout, alignment or range, is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell or tab. The type alignment setting is sometimes referred to as text alignment, text justification or type justification. Flush right means the text is aligned along the right margin or gutter, also known as right-aligned or ragged left,Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bullet disc circle unordered list ulTypographyBulletIn typography, a bullet ( • ) is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Counter anatomyTypographyCounterIn typography, a counter or aperture is the area of typeface anatomy that is entirely or partially enclosed by a letter form or a symbol.Principles of TypographyFind the original at
Point typographyUnitPointIn typography, a point is the smallest unit of measure, being a subdivision of the larger pica. It is commonly abbreviated as pt. The point has long been the usual unit for measuring font size and leading and other minute items on a printed page. The original printer's point, from the era of foundry metal typesetting and letter press printing, varied between 0.18 and 0.4 mm depending on various definitions of the foot. By the end of the 19th Century, it had settled to around 0.35 to 0.38 mm, depending on one’s geographical location.Terms compiled at
Sans-Serif grotesk fundamentalTypographySans-SerifIn typography, a sans-serif, sans serif, san serif or simply sans typeface is one that does not have the small projecting features called "serifs" at the end of strokes. The term comes from the French word sans, meaning "without". Sans-serif fonts tend to have less line width variation than serif fonts. Also refered to as Grotesque or Gothic.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Slab SerifTypographySlab SerifIn typography, a slab serif (also called mechanistic, square serif or Egyptian) typeface is a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs. Serif terminals may be either blunt and angular (Rockwell), or rounded (Courier). Slab serif typefaces generally have no bracket (feature connecting the strokes to the serifs). Some consider slab serifs to be a subset of modern serif typefaces.Principles of TypographyFind the original at
Font FamilyTypographyFont FamilyIn typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of characters that share common design features. A single typeface is represented by a specific weight, style, condensation, width, slant, italicization, ornamentation, and designer or foundry, but not by size.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ascender anatomyTypographyAscenderIn typography, an ascender is the portion of a minuscule letter in a Latin-derived alphabet that extends above the mean line of a font. That is, the part of a lower-case letter that is taller than the font's x-height. This may be higher than the cap height.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ItalicTypographyItalicIn typography, italic type is a cursive typeface based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting. Owing to the influence from calligraphy, such typefaces often slant slightly to the right. Different glyph shapes from roman type are also usually used—another influence from calligraphy. True italics are therefore distinct from oblique type, in which the font is merely distorted into a slanted orientation. However, uppercase letters are often oblique type or swash capitals rather than true italics.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Kerning letter spacing trackingTypographyKerningIn typography, kerning (less commonly mortising) is the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font, usually to achieve a visually pleasing result. Kerning adjusts the space between individual letter forms, while tracking (letter-spacing) adjusts spacing uniformly over a range of characters.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Leading line height fundamentalTypographyLeadingIn typography, leading refers to the amount of vertical distance betweenthe baselines of type.Principles of TypographyTerms compiled at
Tracking letter spacing fundamentalTypographyTrackingIn typography, letter-spacing, also called tracking, refers to the amount of space between a group of letters to affect density in a line or block of text. Not to be confused with "Kerning".Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Petite CapsTypographyPetite CapsIn typography, petite capitals (usually abbreviated petite caps) are a stylistic letter form, a variant of small caps. Like small caps, petite caps take the shape of upper-case ("capital") letters, and are usually of appropriate optical weight to harmonize with other text. However, petite caps are smaller still than small caps, typically, half the height of capital letters.Find the original at
RiverTypographyRiverIn typography, rivers, or rivers of white, are gaps in typesetting, which appear to run through a paragraph of text, due to a coincidental alignment of spaces.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Serif anatomy fundamentalTypographySerifIn typography, serifs are the small lines tailing from the edges of letters and symbols, such as when handwriting is separated into distinct units for a typewriter or typsetter. Also refered to as Roman.Principles of TypographyTerms compiled at
Ligature bind rune scribal abbreviationTypographyLigatureIn writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes are joined as a single glyph. Ligatures usually replace consecutive characters sharing common components and are part of a more general class of glyphs called "contextual forms", where the specific shape of a letter depends on context such as surrounding letters or proximity to the end of a line.Find the original at
Spread on-pressPrintSpreadink spread from impressionDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inline StyleProgrammingInline StyleInline styles, inside the HTML document, style information on a single element, specified using the style attribute (as opposed to embedded style and external style sheets).Terms compiled at
Cross-Process Direction on-pressPrintCross-Process DirectionInside to Outside direction. Perpendicular to the web. Across direction. Y-Axis. (See also "Process Direction")Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Angular gaelicTypographyAngularInsular script was a medieval script system originally used in Ireland, then Great Britain, that spread to continental Europe under the influence of Irish Christianity.Terms compiled at
ContrastConceptContrastInteraction of contradictory elements. Expresses the duality seen in opposites. Examples: Large & Small, rough & smooth, thick & thin, light & dark, organic & geometricFind the original at
Interactive interactionWebInteractiveInteractive media normally refers to products and services on digital computer-based systems which respond to the user’s actions by presenting content such as text, graphics, animation, video, audio, games, etc.Terms compiled at
IE internet explorer acronymsWebIEInternet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.Find the original at
IMAP acronymsWebIMAPInternet message access protocol (IMAP) is a protocol for e-mail retrieval.Terms compiled at
IRC acronymsWebIRCInternet Relay Chat (IRC) is a protocol for real-time Internet text messaging (chat) or synchronous conferencing. It is mainly designed for group communication in discussion forums, called channels, but also allows one-to-one communication via private message as well as chat and data transfer, including file sharing.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Reconciliation on-pressPrintReconciliationInventory reconciliation involves two steps: physical and accounting. Physical inventory steps including taking a written inventory record and comparing it to the actual goods in the company’s warehouses. Counting obsolete and damaged products is also a reconciliation activity. In printing, reconciliation refers to making sure the amount of physical material matches the inventory record.Terms compiled at
iOS operating system mobile tablet iphone ipadComputingiOSiOS (previously iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone and iPod Touch, it has been extended to support other Apple devices such as the iPad and Apple TV.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
C# c sharpProgrammingC#is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines. It was developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative and later approved as a standard by Ecma (ECMA-334) and ISO (ISO/IEC 23270:2006). C# is one of the programming languages designed for the Common Language Infrastructure.Find the original at
Byte informationComputingByteis a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that most commonly consists of eight bits.Terms compiled at
MySQL databaseProgrammingMySQLis the world's most used open source relational database management system (RDBMS) as of 2008 that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language.Terms compiled at
Home Page index fundamentalWebHome PageIt most often refers to the initial or main web page of a web site, sometimes called the "front page" (by analogy with newspapers).Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Iteration on-pressPrintIterationIteration means the act of repeating a process usually with the aim of approaching a desired goal or target or result. Each repetition of the process is also called an "iteration", and the results of one iteration are used as the starting point for the next iteration. For Jetrion printing, an iteration represents the amount of labels in the around direction per one eyespot.Find the original at
JavaProgrammingJavaJava is a general-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented computer programming language that is specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), meaning that code that runs on one platform does not need to be recompiled to run on another.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
JavascriptProgrammingJavascriptJavaScript (JS) is an open source programming language commonly implemented as part of a web browser in order to create enhanced user interfaces and dynamic websites.Terms compiled at
Purge on-pressPrintPurgeJogging printed labels completely off the press. After purging, there should be only un-printed material on the press.Find the original at
JPG JPEG .jpg .jpeg acronyms formatFile ExtensionJPGJPEG ("Joint Photographic Experts Group") is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital photography (image). The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality.Find the original at
jQuery javascriptProgrammingjQueryjQuery is a multi-browser JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML. It was released in January 2006 at BarCamp NYC by John Resig.Documentation / TutorialsDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
JSON acronymProgrammingJSONJSON, or JavaScript Object Notation, is a text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. It is derived from the JavaScript scripting language for representing simple data structures and associative arrays, called objects. Despite its relationship to JavaScript, it is language-independent, with parsers available for many languages.Terms compiled at
Justify justified justification fundamentalTypographyJustifyJustification is the typographic alignment setting of text or images within a column or "measure" to align along both the left and right margin. Paragraphs can have "last left", "last right" or "all" for the final line.Terms compiled at
Kanban inventory on-pressPrintKanbanKanban (literally signboard or billboard) is a scheduling system for lean and just-in-time (JIT) production. According to its creator, Taiichi Ohno, kanban is one means through which JIT is achieved. Kanban is not an inventory control system but rather a scheduling system that helps determine what to produce, when to produce it, and how much to produce.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
KML acronymKMLKeyhole Markup Language (KML) is an XML notation for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth browsers. KML was developed for use with Google Earth, which was originally named Keyhole Earth Viewer.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Process Direction on-pressPrintProcess DirectionLeft to Right direction. Parallel to the web. Around direction. Repeat direction. X-Axis. (See also "Cross-Process Direction")Terms compiled at
LZW acronymsGeneralLZWLempel–Ziv–Welch (LZW) is a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel, Jacob Ziv, and Terry Welch. It was published by Welch in 1984 as an improved implementation of the LZ78 algorithm published by Lempel and Ziv in 1978. The algorithm is simple to implement, and has the potential for very high throughput in hardware implementations.Terms compiled at
Lens SpeedPhotographyLens SpeedLens speed refers to the maximum aperture diameter, or minimum f-number, of a photographic lens. A lens with a larger maximum aperture (that is, a smaller minimum f-number) is called a "fast lens" because it delivers more light intensity (illuminance) to the focal plane, achieving the same exposure with a faster shutter speed. A smaller maximum aperture (larger minimum f-number) is "slow" because it delivers less light intensity and requires a slower shutter speed.Find the original at
Transverse Direction on-pressPrintTransverse DirectionLesser used synonym of "Cross-Process Direction" in Jetrion printing. Outside to inside direction (and vice-versa).Terms compiled at
Web Direction on-pressPrintWeb DirectionLesser used synonym of "Process Direction" in Jetrion printing. Left to right direction (and vice-versa).Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
LetterpressPrintLetterpressLetterpress is relief printing. It involves locking movable type into the bed of a press, inking it, and rolling or pressing paper against it to form an impression. It was the normal form of printing text from its invention by Johannes Gutenberg in the mid-15th century until the 19th century and remained in wide use for books and other uses until the second half of the 20th century.Terms compiled at
Discretionary LigaturesTypographyDiscretionary LigaturesLigatures to be applied at the user's discretion.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Link rotWebLink RotLink rot (or linkrot), also known as link death or link breaking, is an informal term for the process by which increasing numbers of links (either on individual websites or the Internet in general) point to web pages, servers or other resources that have become permanently unavailable. The phrase also describes the effects of failing to update out-of-date web pages that clutter search engine results. A link that does not work any more is called a broken link, dead link or dangling link.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LinuxComputingLinuxLinux is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds.Find the original at
Flush on-pressPrintFlushLiquid used to wipe heads without crashing ink. Made of same vehicle as Jetrion ink but without any pigment.Find the original at
LithographyPrintLithographyLithography is a method for printing using a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a completely smooth surface. Invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works, lithography can be used to print text or artwork onto paper or other suitable material.Terms compiled at
ScreenBlending ModeScreenLooks at each channel’s color information and multiplies the inverse of the blend and base colors. The result color is always a lighter color. Screening with black leaves the color unchanged. Screening with white produces white. The effect is similar to projecting multiple photographic slides on top of each other.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color Dodge ColourBlending ModeColor DodgeLooks at the color information in each channel and brightens the base color to reflect the blend color by decreasing contrast between the two. Blending with black produces no change.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Linear Dodge (Add)Blending ModeLinear Dodge (Add)Looks at the color information in each channel and brightens the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the brightness. Blending with black produces no change.Find the original at
Linear BurnBlending ModeLinear BurnLooks at the color information in each channel and darkens the base color to reflect the blend color by decreasing the brightness. Blending with white produces no change.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Color Burn ColourBlending ModeColor BurnLooks at the color information in each channel and darkens the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the contrast between the two. Blending with white produces no change.Find the original at
DivideBlending ModeDivideLooks at the color information in each channel and divides the blend color from the base color.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
MultiplyBlending ModeMultiplyLooks at the color information in each channel and multiplies the base color by the blend color. The result color is always a darker color. Multiplying any color with black produces black. Multiplying any color with white leaves the color unchanged. When you’re painting with a color other than black or white, successive strokes with a painting tool produce progressively darker colors. The effect is similar to drawing on the image with multiple marking pens.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
LightenBlending ModeLightenLooks at the color information in each channel and selects the base or blend color—whichever is lighter—as the result color. Pixels darker than the blend color are replaced, and pixels lighter than the blend color do not change.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DifferenceBlending ModeDifferenceLooks at the color information in each channel and subtracts either the blend color from the base color or the base color from the blend color, depending on which has the greater brightness value. Blending with white inverts the base color values; blending with black produces no change.Find the original at
SubtractBlending ModeSubtractLooks at the color information in each channel and subtracts the blend color from the base color. In 8- and 16-bit images, any resulting negative values are clipped to zero.Find the original at
Lossless fundamentalGeneralLosslessLossless data compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the exact original data to be reconstructed from the compressed data. The term lossless is in contrast to lossy data compression, which only allows constructing an approximation of the original data, in exchange for better compression rates.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
MacroPhotographyMacroMacro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography) is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs). By some definitions, a macro photograph is one in which the size of the subject on the negative or image sensor is life size or greater. However in other uses it refers to a finished photograph of a subject at greater than life size.Find the original at
Slitting on-pressPrintSlittingMaking a wide material more narrow by cutting it on press.Terms compiled at
Media PsychologyConceptMedia PsychologyMedia psychology seeks an understanding of how people perceive, interpret, use, and respond to a media-rich world. In doing so, media psychologists can identify potential benefits and problems and promote the development of positive media.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Media Queries query viewportProgrammingMedia QueriesMedia Queries is a CSS3 module allowing content rendering to adapt to conditions such as screen resolution (e.g. smartphone vs. high definition screen). It became a W3C recommended standard in June 2012.[1] and is a cornerstone technology to Responsive Web Design.MediaQueri.esTerms compiled at
Windows operating systemComputingWindowsMicrosoft Windows is a series of graphical interface operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985 as an add-on to MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs).Terms compiled at
MicrotypographyTypographyMicrotypographyMicrotypography is the name given to a range of methods for improving the readability and appearance of text, especially justified text. The methods reduce the appearance of large interword spaces and create edges to the text that appear more even.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Mirror Lockup ModePhotographyMirror Lockup ModeMirror lock-up (often abbreviated to MLU) is a feature employed in many Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras. It allows the operator to reduce vibration-induced motion blur during exposure. It also allows the mounting of lenses which extend into the SLR's mirror box when mounted.Find the original at
True BlackWebTrue Blackmonitor cant be true black unless off- better definitionFind the original at
Firefox gecko mozilla user agentWebFirefoxMozilla Firefox is a free and open source web browser developed for Microsoft Windows, OS X and Linux (including Android) coordinated by Mozilla Corporation and Mozilla Foundation. Firefox uses the Gecko layout engine to render web pages, which implements current and anticipated web standards.Download FirefoxTerms compiled at
MP3 .mp3 formatFile ExtensionMP3MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a patented encoding format for digital audio which uses a form of lossy data compression. It is a common audio format for consumer audio storage, as well as a de facto standard of digital audio compression for the transfer and playback of music on most digital audio players.Terms compiled at
MS-DOS acronymsComputingMS-DOSMS-DOS (short for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers. It was the most commonly used member of the DOS family of operating systems, and was the main operating system for IBM PC compatible personal computers during the 1980s to the mid 1990s, until it was gradually superseded by operating systems offering a graphical user interface (GUI), in particular by various generations of the Microsoft Windows operating system.Find the original at
OverlayBlending ModeOverlayMultiplies or screens the colors, depending on the base color. Patterns or colors overlay the existing pixels while preserving the highlights and shadows of the base color. The base color is not replaced, but mixed with the blend color to reflect the lightness or darkness of the original color.Find the original at
Hard LightBlending ModeHard LightMultiplies or screens the colors, depending on the blend color. The effect is similar to shining a harsh spotlight on the image. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened, as if it were screened. This is useful for adding highlights to an image. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened, as if it were multiplied. This is useful for adding shadows to an image. Painting with pure black or white results in pure black or white.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
NTSC acronymsPhotographyNTSCNTSC, named for the National Television System Committee, is the analog television system that is used in most of North America, parts of South America (except Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and French Guiana), Myanmar, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, and some Pacific island nations and territoriesDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Occam's RazorConceptOccam's RazorOccam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor, Latin lex parsimoniae) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness. It is a principle urging one to select among competing hypotheses that which makes the fewest assumptions and thereby offers the simplest explanation of the effect. To put it in the design context, Occam’s Razor states that the simplest solution is usually best.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Cavity on-pressPrintCavityOne section of a multiple cavity die, where more than one die or sections are mounted onto a back plate as in clicker dies or on a die board as in steel rule dies.Find the original at
Mils lengthUnitMilsOne thousandth of an inch. Used to measure the thickness of material in print.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Open TypeTypographyOpen TypeOpenType is a format for scalable computer fonts. It was built on its predecessor TrueType, retaining TrueType's basic structure and adding many intricate data structures for prescribing typographic behavior. OpenType is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.Terms compiled at
Opera web browser user agentWebOperaOpera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software. The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, chatting on IRC, downloading files via BitTorrent, and reading web feeds.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LandscapeGeneralLandscapePage orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. Landscape originally described artistic outdoor scenes where a wide view area is needed, but the upper part of the painting would be mostly sky and so is omitted. Landscape orientation is when the width is wider than the height.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PotraitGeneralPortraitPage orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The specific word definition comes from the fact that a close-up portrait of a person's face and upper body is more fitting for a canvas or photo where the height of the display area is greater than the width.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Orientation fundamentalGeneralOrientationPage orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The two most common types of orientation are portrait and landscape.Terms compiled at
PaginationGeneralPaginationPagination is the process of dividing (content) into discrete pages, either electronic pages or printed pages. Today the latter are usually simply instances of the former that have been outputted to a printing device, such as a desktop printer or a modern printing press.Terms compiled at
PaintApplicationPaintPaint (formerly Paintbrush for Windows) is a simple graphics painting program that has been included with all versions of Microsoft Windows. It is often referred to as MS Paint or Microsoft Paint.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PAL acronymsPhotographyPALPAL, short for Phase Alternating Line, is a colour encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 576i. Other common analogue television systems are NTSC and SECAM.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PMS acronyms prepress on-press fundamentalPrintPMSPantone Inc. is a corporation headquartered in Carlstadt, New Jersey. The company is best known for its Pantone Matching System (PMS), a proprietary color space used in a variety of industries, primarily printing, though sometimes in the manufacture of colored paint, fabric, and plastics.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Legal prepress on-pressPrintLegalpaper sizeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ParallaxConceptParallaxParallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines. Nearby objects have a larger parallax than more distant objects when observed from different positions, so parallax can be used to determine distances.Terms compiled at
Add pathfinder effectsIllustratorAddPathfinder: All selected shapes are combined into one shape with the top shape’s style (All style attributes from the top shapes i.e. color, stroke, etc).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Subtract pathfinder effectsIllustratorSubtractPathfinder: Bottom most shape is eaten away by any number of shapes above it. Bottom shape keeps it’s style and all top shapes dissapear.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Intersect pathfinder effectsIllustratorIntersectPathfinder: Intersects 2 overlapping shapes to leave intersected area as a shape. Resulting shape keeps the top shapes style. This tool does not work well with more than 2 shapes. If more than 2 shapes are used all shapes disappear after clicking the “Expand” Button.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Merge pathfinder effectsIllustratorMergePathfinder: Merge does the same thing as trim with the exception that any overlapping shapes that have the same style as the bottom shape are merged with the bottom shape. Any overlapping shapes above the bottom shape that are not the same style as the bottom shape are kept in tact and are trimmed out of the bottom shape.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Minus Back pathfinder effectsIllustratorMinus BackPathfinder: Minus back only works with 2 shapes, the topmost shape and the bottommost shape. It minuses the bottommost shape from the topmost shape.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Outline pathfinder effectsIllustratorOutlinePathfinder: Outline can work with 2 or more shapes. Outline takes all shapes and cuts each shape at the intersecting points. This results in no overlapping lines. All lines are separated at the overlapping areas.Find the original at
Crop pathfinder effectsIllustratorCropPathfinder: The crop tool only interacts with the topmost shape and the bottommost shape. If you selected 5 different shapes, this tool will only leave the intersection of the topmost and bottommost shapes with the style of the bottommost shape. In addition to this, it will leave the non-overlapping section of the topmost shape (with no stroke or fill).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Divide pathfinder effectsIllustratorDividePathfinder: The Divide button of the pathfinder divides all of the overlapping shapes. This button can be used with 2 or more shapes. All divided shapes keep the visible style of the top overlapping shape.Terms compiled at
Trim pathfinder effectsIllustratorTrimPathfinder: Trim keeps all of the top shapes intact while trimming all overlapping shapes out of the bottommost shape.Terms compiled at
Exclude pathfinder effectsIllustratorExludePathfinder: Works with 2 or more shapes. Any overlapping areas are removed and any areas not overlapping are kept. Style of topmost shape is applied to the resulting shape.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CPC acronyms ppc pay perWebCPCPay per click (PPC) (also called cost per click) is an Internet advertising model used to direct traffic to websites, where advertisers pay the publisher (typically a website owner) when the ad is clicked. With search engines, advertisers typically bid on keyword phrases relevant to their target market. Content sites commonly charge a fixed price per click rather than use a bidding system.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PerlProgrammingPerlPerl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PHP acronymsProgrammingPHPPHP is an open source server-side scripting language designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages. It is one of the first developed server-side scripting languages to be embedded into an HTML source document rather than calling an external file to process data.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PingWebPingPing is a computer network administration utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network and to measure the round-trip time for messages sent from the originating host to a destination computer. The name comes from active sonar terminology which sends a pulse of sound and listens for the echo to detect objects underwater. A well-known backronym renders ping as Packet Inter Net Groper.Terms compiled at
PPI acronymsGeneralPPIPixels per inch (PPI) or pixel density is a measurement of the resolution of devices in various contexts: typically computer displays, image scanners, and digital camera image sensors.Find the original at
PET acronyms on-pressPrintPETPolyesterTerms compiled at
PDF .pdf camelot acronyms formatFile ExtensionPDFPortable Document Format (PDF) is a file format used to represent documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.[1] Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PNG .png 24 acronyms formatFile ExtensionPNGPortable Network Graphics is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. PNG was created as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format (GIF).Find the original at
Post-ScriptGeneralPost-ScriptPostScript (PS) is a dynamically typed concatenative programming language created by John Warnock and Charles Geschke in 1982. It is best known for its use as a page description language in the electronic and desktop publishing areas.Find the original at
Preflight pre-flight prepressPrintPreflightPreflighting is a term used in the printing industry to describe the process of confirming that the digital files required for the printing process are all present, valid, correctly formatted, and of the desired type. The term originates from the preflight checklists used by pilots. The term was first used in a presentation at the Color Connections conference in 1990 by consultant Chuck Weger.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PrepressPrintPrepressPrepress is the term used in the printing and publishing industries for the processes and procedures that occur between the creation of a print layout and the final printing. The prepress procedure includes the manufacture of a printing plate, image carrier or form, ready for mounting on a printing press, as well as the adjustment of images and texts or the creation of a high-quality print file.Terms compiled at
Primary Colors ColoursColor TheoryPrimary ColorsPrimary colours are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors. For human applications, three primary colors are usually used, since human color vision is trichromatic.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Impression on-pressPrintImpressionPrinted used with plates. Flexo/Letterpress is impression based. The Jetrion is inkjet based.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Overprinting attributes prepress fundamentalPrintOverprintingPrinting one color directly on top of another color without knocking out.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
INDD .indd formatFile ExtensionINDDProfessional page layout project created with Adobe InDesign; includes page formatting information, page content, linked files, styles, and swatches; used for creating and formatting books, magazines, newspapers, flyers, brochures, etc.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Program ModePhotographyProgram ModeProgram mode has the camera calculate both shutter speed and aperture (given a manually or automatically selected ISO). Higher-end cameras offer partial manual control to shift away from the automatically calculated values (increasing aperture and decreasing shutter time or conversely). The difference between Program mode and Full Auto mode is that in program mode, only the exposure is automatic, while other camera settings (e.g. shooting mode, exposure compensation, flash) can be set manually; in Full Auto mode everything is automatic.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
QuarkXPress quark expressApplicationQuarkXPressQuarkXPress (often referred to as Quark) is a computer application for creating and editing complex page layouts in a WYSIWYG environment. It runs on Mac OS X and Windows. It was first released by Quark, Inc. in 1987 and is still owned and published by them.Training ProgramDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
MOV .mov formatFile ExtensionMOVQuickTime File Format (QTFF) is a computer file format used natively by the QuickTime framework.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Contextual AlternatesTypographyContextual AlternatesRandom contextual alternates provide multiple substitute glyphs for a single character. When implemented with script-type fonts, this feature can simulate handwriting by using of a set of randomly chosen glyphs with slight differences in appearance. Often, this is used with the double quote (") to be inverted when closing on the second iteration.Find the original at
Rasterisation rasterizationGeneralRasterisationRasterisation (or rasterization) is the task of taking an image described in a vector graphics format (shapes) and converting it into a raster image (pixels or dots) for output on a video display or printer, or for storage in a bitmap file format.Terms compiled at
OrdinalsTypographyOrdinalsReplaces characters with ordinal forms for use after numbersDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pin LightBlending ModePin LightReplaces the colors, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, pixels darker than the blend color are replaced, and pixels lighter than the blend color do not change. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, pixels lighter than the blend color are replaced, and pixels darker than the blend color do not change. This is useful for adding special effects to an image.Find the original at
Responsive fluid viewportProgrammingResponsiveResponsive web design (often abbreviated to RWD) is a web design approach aimed at crafting sites to provide an optimal viewing experience—easy reading and navigation with a minimum of resizing, panning, and scrolling—across a wide range of devices (from desktop computer monitors to mobile phones).MediaQueri.esDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
RetinaComputingRetinaRetina Display is a brand name used by Apple for liquid crystal displays which they claim have a high enough pixel density that the human eye is unable to notice pixelation at a typical viewing distance. The term is used for several Apple products, including the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and MacBook Pro.Terms compiled at
RGBa Colour opacity transparency alpha acronymsColor ModeRGBaRGBA stands for red green blue alpha. While it is sometimes described as a color space, it is actually simply a use of the RGB color model, with extra information. The color is RGB, and may belong to any RGB color space, but an integral alpha value as invented by Catmull and Smith between 1971 and 1972 enables alpha compositing.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
RodsVisionRodsRod cells, or rods, are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that can function in less intense light than can the other type of visual photoreceptor, cone cells. Rods are concentrated at the outer edges of the retina and are used in peripheral vision. On average, there are approximately 125 million rod cells in the human retina. More sensitive than cone cells, rod cells are almost entirely responsible for night vision.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
GravurePrintGravureRotogravure (Roto or Gravure for short) is a type of intaglio printing process; that is, it involves engraving the image onto an image carrier. In gravure printing, the image is engraved onto a cylinder because, like offset printing and flexography, it uses a rotary printing press. Once a staple of newspaper photo features, the rotogravure process is still used for commercial printing of magazines, postcards, and corrugated (cardboard) product packaging.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Radius Corner prepress on-pressPrintRadius CornerRounded corners on die cut labels so ripping is prevented when applying labels to product.Find the original at
Royalty Free copyright stockGeneralRoyalty FreeRoyalty-free, or RF, refers to the right to use copyrighted material or intellectual property without the need to pay royalties or license fees for each use or per volume sold, or some time period of use or sales.Find the original at
RubyProgrammingRubyRuby is a dynamic, reflective, general-purpose object-oriented programming language that combines syntax inspired by Perl with Smalltalk-like features.Find the original at
GridGeneralGridrule of thirds golden ratioTerms compiled at
Safari webkit apple user agentWebSafariSafari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. and included with the Mac OS X and iOS operating systems. First released as a public beta on January 7, 2003 on the company's OS X operating system, it became Apple's default browser beginning with Mac OS X v10.3 "Panther". Safari is also the native browser for iOS.Terms compiled at
SVG .svg acronyms formatFile ExtensionSVGScalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics that has support for interactivity and animation. The SVG specification is an open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) since 1999.Terms compiled at
Index robot spider crawler google yahoo bingWebIndexingSearch engine indexing collects, parses, and stores data to facilitate fast and accurate information retrieval. Index design incorporates interdisciplinary concepts from linguistics, cognitive psychology, mathematics, informatics, physics, and computer science. An alternate name for the process in the context of search engines designed to find web pages on the Internet is web indexing.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SEO google acronymsWebSEOSearch engine optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine's "natural" or un-paid ("organic") search results. In general, the earlier (or higher ranked on the search results page), and more frequently a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine's users. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, video search, academic search, news search and industry-specific vertical search engines.Find the original at
Headings tags html css h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6ProgrammingHeaiingsSection headings at different levels.

delimits the highest-level heading,

the next level down (sub-section),

for a level below that, and so on to

. They are sometimes referred to collectively as tags, n meaning any of the available heading levels. Most visual browsers show headings as large bold text by default, though this can be overridden with CSS. Heading elements are not intended merely for creating large or bold text—in fact, they should not be used for explicitly styling text. Rather, they describe the document’s structure and organization. Some programs use them to generate outlines and tables of contents.
Terms compiled at
Shutter PriorityPhotographyShutter PriorityShutter priority refers to a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific shutter speed while the camera adjusts the aperture to ensure correct exposure.Exposure TutorialFind the original at
RYBColor ModeRYBSimilar to the RGB color mode, but used primarily in traditional art (and originally in printing presses). RGB is more popular in modern design because it correctly reflects human color perception (see rods/cones).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SMTP acronymsWebSMTPSimple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (e-mail) transmission across Internet Protocol (IP) networks. SMTP was first defined by RFC 821 (1982, eventually declared STD 10), and last updated by RFC 5321 (2008)[2] which includes the Extended SMTP (ESMTP) additions, and is the protocol in widespread use today. SMTP uses TCP port 25.Terms compiled at
Rear-Curtain SyncPhotographyRear-Curtain SyncSome cameras offer the ability to fire the flash at just before the second curtain closes. This is called rear (or second) curtain sync, and it is used to freeze motion at the end of the exposure. When making long exposures while firing a flash, rear curtain sync creates the effect of motion blur trailing the main subject.Slow Sync GalleryDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Spur anatomyTypographySpurSome designs also have spurs, which are smaller than serifs and appear on angles rather than at a terminal, as on e or G.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SpamWebSpamSpam is the use of electronic messaging systems to send unsolicited bulk messages, especially advertising, indiscriminately. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media.Stats on SpamTerms compiled at
Spherical AberrationPhotographySpherical AberrationSpherical aberration is an optical effect observed in an optical device (lens, mirror, etc.) that occurs due to the increased refraction of light rays when they strike a lens or a reflection of light rays when they strike a mirror near its edge, in comparison with those that strike nearer the centre. It signifies a deviation of the device from the norm, i.e., it results in an imperfection of the produced image.Optical AberrationsFind the original at
BauhausMovementBauhaus (1919-1933)Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. At that time the German term Bauhaus, literally "house of construction" stood for "School of Building".Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
StockGeneralStockStock photography is the supply of photographs licensed for specific uses. It is used to fulfill the needs of creative assignments instead of hiring a photographer, often for a lower cost.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PapyrusBad FontPapyrusStop using this font. You are a bad person.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Dot on-press prepressPrintDotStrictly speaking, the smallest fundamental unit of a halftone image, a small point of color, black, or some shade of gray which, when combined with many other dots of varying color and shade, form an image.Terms compiled at
Vehicle Color Colour on-pressPrintVehicleSubstance(s) used to formulate active ingredients for administration or use. A conveyance that contains pigment to create ink with color. (See also "Pigment"). Jetrion "flush" is a vehicle without pigment.Find the original at
Burn Stock setup on-pressPrintBurn StockSubstituting a material to be used as a kanban material. Sometimes we will have leftover material or receive a material that other presses can not use, so we will coat it and use it up on the Jetrion to save waste. For example, coating 4.5" C2500 rolls and putting it in the system as the standard 4" C2500 kanban material. Burn Stock can only be larger than the material it is being used for (For example, 4.5" material could not be put in the system as 6").Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Substrate on-pressPrintSubstrateSubstrate is a term used in converting process such as printing or coating as a more general term to describe the base material onto which e.g. images will be printed.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SWF .swf animated shockwave flash formatFile ExtensionSWFSWF is an Adobe Flash file format used for multimedia, vector graphics and ActionScript. Originating with FutureWave Software, then transferred to Macromedia, and then coming under the control of Adobe, SWF files can contain animations or applets of varying degrees of interactivity and function.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Tabloid on-press prepressPrintTabloidTabloid is a North American paper size measuring 11in by 17in (which is half of a broadsheet). The name comes from the newspaper format.Find the original at
Case SensitiveTypographyCase SensitiveText sometimes exhibits case sensitivity; that is, words can differ in meaning based on differing use of uppercase and lowercase letters. Words with capital letters do not always have the same meaning when written with lowercase letters.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Text WrapGeneralText WrapText wrap is a feature supported by many word processors that enables you to surround a picture or diagram with text. The text wraps around the graphic.Terms compiled at
Textualis blackletterTypographyTextualisTextualis, also known as textura or Gothic bookhand, was the most calligraphic form of black letter, and today is the form most associated with "Gothic". Johannes Gutenberg carved a textualis typeface – including a large number of ligatures and common abbreviations – when he printed his 42-line Bible. However, the textualis was rarely used for typefaces afterwards.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Open Graph facebook metadata meta dataProgrammingOpen GraphThe "Open Graph protocol" is simply a method of including meta information in a web page to allow Facebook to accurately represent the page's content when it is linked to in Facebook.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Doctype !DOCTYPEProgrammingDoctypeThe declaration is not an HTML tag; it is an instruction to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is written in.Find the original at
Consignment on-pressPrintConsignmentThe act of consigning, which is placing a product in the hand of another, but retaining ownership until the goods are sold or person is transferred. Consignment is generally used for replacement parts to minimize equipment downtime.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Adaptive Wide Angle filtersPhotoshopAdaptive Wide AngleThe Adaptive Wide Angle Filter in Photoshop CS6 will allow you to straighten curves and lines in photos taken with a fisheye or wide-angle lens.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Alt AttributeProgrammingAlt AttributeThe alt attribute is used in HTML and XHTML documents to specify alternative text (alt text) that is to be rendered when the element to which it is applied cannot be rendered. It is also used by "screen reader" software so that a person who is listening to the content of a webpage.Terms compiled at
ASCII acronymsProgrammingASCIIThe American Standard Code for Information Interchange is a character-encoding scheme originally based on the English alphabet. ASCII codes represent text in computers, communications equipment, and other devices that use text. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, though they support many additional characters.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Apache http server webProgrammingApacheThe Apache HTTP Server, commonly referred to as Apache, is a web server software notable for playing a key role in the initial growth of the World Wide Web.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Platen on-pressPrintPlatenThe arched area under the printheads that the material slides across.Terms compiled at
Aspect Ratio #:# 0:0 x:y fundamentalGeneralAspect RatioThe aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height. It is commonly expressed as two numbers separated by a colon, as in 16:9. For an x:y aspect ratio, no matter how big or small the image is, if the width is divided into x units of equal length and the height is measured using this same length unit, the height will be measured to be y units.Terms compiled at
HueColor TheoryHueThe attribute of colors that permits them to be classed as red, yellow, green, blue, or any intermediate between any contiguous pair of these colors. In practical terms, hue refers to a specific tone of color. It is not another name for color as color can have saturation and brightness as well.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
BrightnessColor TheoryBrightnessThe attribute of light-source colors by which emitted light is ordered continuously from light to dark in correlation with its intensity. Brightness refers to how much white or black is contained within a color.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PlateGeneralPlateThe basic image-carrying surface in a printing process, which can be made of a variety of substances, such as various metals (as those used in letterpress and lithography), rubber, or plastic (such as those used in flexography).Find the original at
BMP .bmp formatFile ExtensionBMPThe BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Loop anatomyTypographyLoopThe bottom of the loop-tailed g is called a loop.Terms compiled at
Box Shadow box-shadowProgrammingBox ShadowThe box-shadow property attaches one or more drop-shadows to the box.TutorialTerms compiled at
Broadsheet prepress on-pressPrintBroadsheetThe broadsheet is the largest of the various newspaper formats and is characterized by longer vertical pages (typically 22 inches / 560 millimetres or more). The term derives from types of popular prints usually just of a single sheet, sold on the streets and containing various types of material, from ballads to political satire.Find the original at
Byline by lineTypographyBylineThe byline on a newspaper or magazine article gives the name, and often the position, of the writer of the article. Bylines are traditionally placed between the headline and the text of the article.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cap HeightTypographyCap HeightThe cap height or capline is another imaginary line. This one marks the height of all capital letters in a typeface. The cap height is often below the maximum height of the typeface.Principles of TypographyTerms compiled at
ClipboardComputingClipboardThe clipboard is a software facility that can be used for short-term data storage and/or data transfer between documents or applications, via copy and paste operations. It is most commonly a part of a GUI environment and is usually implemented as an anonymous, temporary data buffer that can be accessed from most or all programs within the environment via defined programming interfaces.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Clone StampPhotoshopClone StampThe clone tool, as it is known in Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, and Corel PhotoPaint, is used in digital image editing to replace information for one part of a picture with information from another part. In other image editing software, its equivalent is sometimes called a rubber stamp tool or a clone brush.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CMYK Colour acronyms fundamentalColor ModeCMYKThe CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself. CMYK refers to the four inks used in some color printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black). Though it varies by print house, press operator, press manufacturer, and press run, ink is typically applied in the order of the abbreviation.Terms compiled at
ToneColor TheoryToneThe color quality or value; a tint or shade of color; the color that appreciably modifies a hue or white or black.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CGI acronymsProgrammingCGIThe Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard (see RFC 3875: CGI Version 1.1) method for web server software to delegate the generation of web content to executable files. Such files are known as CGI scripts or simply CGI's; they are usually written in a scripting language.Find the original at
CPT .cpt formatFile ExtensionCPTThe CPT file format is a graphics file format used by some versions of Corel Photo Paint.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Digimark filtersPhotoshopDigimarkThe Digimarc filters embed a digital watermark into an image to store copyright information.Find the original at
Direct Selection ToolIllustratorDirect Selection ToolThe direct selection tool is used to select individual parts of an object. You can select individual points or segments (the path between the points) with the direct selection tool.Selection ToolsTerms compiled at
Color Break Colour brake prepress on-pressPrintColor BreakThe division of a single-color page proof (such as a blueline) to ensure that the appropriate colors will ultimately print in the correct places.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DOM acronymsProgrammingDOMThe Document Object Model (DOM) is a cross-platform and language-independent convention for representing and interacting with objects in HTML, XHTML and XML documents. Objects in the DOM tree may be addressed and manipulated by using methods on the objects.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DNS acronymsWebDNSThe Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities. Most prominently, it translates domain names meaningful for users to the numerical IP addresses needed for the purpose of locating computer services and devices worldwide.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Em DashTypographyEm DashThe em dash (—), m dash, m-rule, or "mutton", often demarcates a break of thought or some similar interpolation stronger than the interpolation demarcated by parentheses.Terms compiled at
En DashTypographyEn DashThe en dash, n dash, n-rule, or "nut" (–) is traditionally half the width of an em dash. The en dash is commonly used to indicate a closed range of values, meaning a range with clearly defined and non-infinite upper and lower boundaries. This may include ranges such as those between dates, times, or numbers.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Exabyte ebComputingExabyteThe exabyte (derived from the SI prefix exa-) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to one quintillion bytes (short scale). The unit symbol for the exabyte is EB. The unit prefix exa indicates the sixth power of 1000: 1 EB = 1000000000000000000B = 1018 bytes = 1000000000gigabytes = 1000000terabytes = 1000petabytesTerms compiled at
PAT .pat formatFile ExtensionPATThe file extension for Adobe patterns.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Focal RangePhotographyFocal RangeThe focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light. For an optical system in air, it is the distance over which initially collimated rays are brought to a focus. A system with a shorter focal length has greater optical power than one with a long focal length; that is, it bends the rays more strongly, bringing them to a focus in a shorter distance.Terms compiled at
Unity Within VarietyConceptUnity Within VarietyThe force operating within a work of art which can give it the appearance of oneness or resolution. The consistency of the concept.Find the original at
Group Selection ToolIllustratorGroup Selection ToolThe group selection tool is located in the hidden tools menu of the direct selection tool. This tool is used primarily to select a specific object when you have grouped objects. “Grouped objects” are multiple objects that behave as one object because the user has grouped them using the group command.Selection ToolsTerms compiled at
HerzComputingHerzThe hertz (symbol Hz) is the SI unit of frequency defined as the number of cycles per second of a periodic phenomenon. One of its most common uses is the description of the sine wave, particularly those used in radio and audio applications, such as the frequency of musical tones. The word "hertz" is named for Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, who was the first to conclusively prove the existence of electromagnetic waves.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
HTTP acronymsWebHTTPThe Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web.Find the original at
HyphenTypographyHyphenThe hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. The hyphen should not be confused with dashes (‒, –, —, ―), which are longer and have different uses, or with the minus sign (−) which is also longer.Find the original at
ICO .ico formatFile ExtensionICOThe ICO file format is an image file format for computer icons in Microsoft Windows. ICO files contain one or more small images at multiple sizes and color depths, such that they may be scaled appropriately.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ISBN acronymsGeneralISBNThe International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers W. H. Smith and others in 1965.Find the original at
Internet fundamentalWebInternetThe Internet (or internet) is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support email.Terms compiled at
IP acronymsWebIPThe Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet Protocol Suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. This function of routing network packets enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet.Find the original at
TCP/IP acronymsWebTCP/IPThe Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols used for the Internet and similar networks, and generally the most popular protocol stack for wide area networks. It is commonly known as TCP/IP, because of its most important protocols: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), which were the first networking protocols defined in this standard. It is occasionally known as the DoD model due to the foundational influence of the ARPANET in the 1970s.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Kilobyte kbComputingKilobyteThe kilobyte (symbol: kB) is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. Although the prefix kilo- means 1000, the term kilobyte and symbol kB have historically been used to refer to either 1024 (210) bytes or 1000 (103) bytes, dependent upon contextDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Law of Closure prägnanz pragnanzConceptLaw of ClosureThe law of closure is a gestalt law of grouping which states that individuals perceive objects such as shapes, letters, pictures, etc., as being whole when they are not complete. Specifically, when parts of a whole picture are missing, our perception fills in the visual gap.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Law of Common Fate prägnanz pragnanzConceptLaw of Common FateThe law of common fate is a gestalt law of grouping which states that objects are perceived as lines that move along the smoothest path. Experiments using the visual sensory modality found that movement of elements of an object produce paths individuals perceive objects to be on. We perceive elements of objects to have trends of motion, which indicate the path that the object is on. The law of continuity implies the grouping together of objects that have the same trend of motion and are therefore on the same path.Find the original at
Law of Continuity prägnanz pragnanzConceptLaw of ContinuityThe law of continuity is a gestalt law of grouping which states that elements of objects tend to be grouped together, and therefore integrated into perceptual wholes if they are aligned within an object. In cases where there is an intersection between objects, individuals tend to perceive the two objects as two single uninterrupted entities. Stimuli remain distinct even with overlap. We are less likely to group elements with sharp abrupt directional changes as being one object.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Law of Proximity prägnanz pragnanzConceptLaw of ProximityThe law of proximity is a gestalt law of grouping which states that when an individual perceives an assortment of objects they perceive objects that are close to each other as forming a group.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Law of Similarity prägnanz pragnanzConceptLaw of SimilarityThe law of similarity is a gestalt law of grouping which states that elements within an assortment of objects will be perceptually grouped together if they are similar to each other. This similarity can occur in the form of shape, colour, shading or other qualities.Find the original at
Law of Symmetry prägnanz pragnanzConceptLaw of SymmetryThe law of symmetry is a gestalt law of grouping which states that the mind perceives objects as being symmetrical and forming around a center point. It is perceptually pleasing to be able to divide objects into an even number of symmetrical parts. Therefore, when two symmetrical elements are unconnected the mind perceptually connects them to form a coherent shape. Similarities between symmetrical objects increase the likelihood that objects will be grouped to form a combined symmetrical object.Terms compiled at
Mean Line meanlineTypographyMean LineThe mean line or midline is half the distance from the baseline to the cap height. This may or may not be the x-height.Principles of TypographyFind the original at
Megabyte mbComputingMegabyteThe megabyte (abbreviated as Mbyte or MB) is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information storage or transmission with three different values depending on context: 1048576 bytes (220) generally for computer memory; and one million bytes (106, see prefix mega-) generally for computer storage.Find the original at
Meter metre lengthUnitMeterThe meter, symbol m, is the fundamental unit of length in the International System of Units (SI).Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Millimeter length millimetreUnitMillimeterThe millimetre (American spelling: millimeter; SI unit symbol mm; informal abbreviation: mil) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousandth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length.Terms compiled at
ResolutionGeneralResolutionThe number of pixels per square inch (PPI) on a computer-generated display, or the number of dots per square inch (DPI) on a printed image.Find the original at
NLEA acronymsGeneralNLEAThe Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA) (Public Law 101-535) is a 1990 United States Federal law. It was signed into law on November 8, 1990 by the president. Documents specifications for creating nutrition facts for consistency.Find the original at
Density Colour on-pressPrintDensityThe optical density of areas printed in color. This value is important when monitoring quality in printing processes and can be measured using special instruments. (See "Densitometer")Find the original at
The Pareto Principle principal 80/20 8020ConceptThe Pareto PrincipleThe Pareto principle (also known as the 80-20 rule, the law of the vital few, and the principle of factor sparsity) states that, for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Apex anatomyTypographyApexThe point at the top of a character such as the uppercase A where the left and right strokes meet is the apex. The apex may be a sharp point, blunt, or rounded and is an identifying feature for some typefaces.Find the original at
ProofGeneralProofThe primary goal of 'proofing' is to serve as a tool for customer verification that the entire job is accurate. Prepress proofing (also known as off-press proofing) is a cost effective way of providing a visual copy without the expense of creating a Press Proof. If errors are found during the printing process on press it can prove very costly to one or both parties involved.Find the original at
Prime Marks double primeTypographyPrime MarksThe prime symbol ( ′ ), double prime symbol ( ″ ), and triple prime symbol ( ‴ ), etc., are used to designate several different units, and for various other purposes in mathematics, the sciences, linguistics and music. The prime symbol should not be confused with the apostrophe, single quotation mark, acute accent or grave accentFind the original at
ScaleConceptScaleThe real, apparent size of an object seen in relation to other objects, people, its environment, or the proportions of the picture plane.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Recto Verso prepress on-pressPrintRecto/VersoThe recto and verso are respectively the "front" and "back" sides of a leaf of paper in a bound item such as a codex, book, broadsheet, or pamphlet. In languages written from left to right (such as English) the recto is the right-hand page and the verso the left-hand page. These are terms of art in the binding, printing, and publishing industries, and can be applied more broadly to any field where physical documents are exchanged.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Repetition and RhythmConceptRepetition and RhythmThe recurrence of a design element coupled with a certain order to the repetition. Provides continuity, flow, direction forces etc.Find the original at
RegisteredTypographyRegisteredThe registered trademark symbol, designated by ® (the circled capital letter "R"), is a symbol used to provide notice that the preceding mark is a trademark or service mark that has been registered with a national trademark office.Find the original at
RGB Color Colour acronyms fundamentalColor ModeRGBThe RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green, and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors. The name of the model comes from the initials of the three additive primary colors, red, green, and blue.0to255 Color ToolTerms compiled at
Rule of ThirdsConceptRule of ThirdsThe rule of thirds is a guideline which applies to the process of composing visual images such as paintings, photographs and designs. The guideline proposes that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines, and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bears on-pressPrintBearsThe sides of the die where the pressure is placed. Material may not go into this area.Find the original at
ProportionConceptProportionThe size relationship of parts to the entire work, and each to the other. Very often associated with figural art. See also: aspect ratio.Find the original at
Bracket anatomyTypographyBracketThe small corner formed by a serif, whether rounded or angular, is called the serif bracket.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
FlexboxProgrammingFlexboxThe specification describes a CSS box model optimized for user interface design. In the flex layout model, the children of a flex container can be laid out in any direction, and can "flex" their sizes, either growing to fill unused space or shrinking to avoid overflowing the parent. Both horizontal and vertical alignment of the children can be easily manipulated. Nesting of these boxes (horizontal inside vertical, or vertical inside horizontal) can be used to build layouts in two dimensions.Terms compiled at
Split-complementaryColor TheorySplit-ComplementaryThe split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme. In addition to the base color, it uses two colors adjacent to its complement.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SquareColor TheorySquareThe square color scheme is similar to the tetradic, but with all four colors evenly spaced around the color wheel.TutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Die Line prepressPrintDie LineThe stroke in Illustrator typically represented in pink at 0.5pt to represent where the die will cut the label. (See also "Holdback" and "Bleed")Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Target htmlProgrammingTargetThe target attribute specifies where to open the linked document.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Terabyte terrabyte tbComputingTerabyteThe terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte digital information. The prefix tera means 1012 in the International System of Units (SI), and therefore 1 terabyte is 1000000000000 bytes, or 1 trillion (short scale) bytes, or 1000 gigabytes. 1 terabyte in binary prefixes is 0.9095 tebibytes, or 931.32 gibibytes. The unit symbol for the terabyte is TB or TByte.Find the original at
Delta E ∆E ∆ on-pressPrintDelta EThe term Delta E or ∆E is used to describe color differences in the CIELAB color space. The term stems from the greek letter delta which is used in science to denote difference. The E stands Empfindung, a german wording meaning feeling.Terms compiled at
Knock Out prepress on-press fundamentalPrintKnock OutThe term knockout is also used to refer to "white type" or, in other words, type which prints as a reverse, or, in fact, doesn't really print at all, allowing the color of the page to show through a background in the shape of type. Sometimes pelled as two words, knock out, or with a hyphen, knock-out.Find the original at
MetadataProgrammingMetadataThe term metadata is ambiguous, as it is used for two fundamentally different concepts (types). Although the expression "data about data" is often used, it does not apply to both in the same way. Structural metadata, the design and specification of data structures, cannot be about the data, because at design time the application contains no data. In this case the correct description would be "data about the containers of data". Descriptive metadata, on the other hand, is about individual instances of application data, the data content. In this case, a useful description (resulting in a disambiguating neologism) would be "data about data content" or "content about content" thus metacontent.Find the original at
Field SizePhotographyField SizeThe term shot is often incorrectly applied to the field size of an image which at times is also incorrectly referred to as framing. The field size defines how much of the subject and its surrounding area is visible within the camera's field of view, and is determined by two factors: Camera-to-subject distance and focal length of a lens.Terms compiled at
Finial anatomyTypographyFinialThe terminal, which is any stroke that does not end in a Serif but with a tapered or curved end.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Terminal anatomyTypographyTerminalThe terminals (ends) of instrokes and outstrokes often end in serifs in a serif font. A serifed or unserifed terminal may be described as a wedge, bulbous, teardrop, etc., depending on the design of the type.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tetrad double complementaryColor TheoryTetrad (Double Complementary)The tetradic or double complementary color scheme uses four colors arranged into two complementary pairs.TutorialTerms compiled at
Triad Color ColourColor TheoryTriadThe triad color scheme is three colors on the color wheel in an equilateral triangle.Kuler by AdobeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
UPC bar code acronyms prepress on-pressPrintUPCThe Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology (i.e., a specific type of barcode) that is widely used for tracking trade items in stores. Its most common form, the UPC-A, consists of 12 numerical digits, which are uniquely assigned to each trade item.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
RetinaVisionRetinaThe vertebrate retina is a light-sensitive layer of tissue, lining the inner surface of the eye. The optics of the eye create an image of the visual world on the retina, which serves much the same function as the film in a camera. Light striking the retina initiates a cascade of chemical and electrical events that ultimately trigger nerve impulses. These are sent to various visual centres of the brain through the fibres of the optic nerve.Find the original at
Ear anatomyTypographyEarThe very short stroke at the top of the g is called the ear.Terms compiled at
Spoilage on-pressPrintSpoilageThe waste or wrecking of inventory beyond what is expected in normal business processes. Abnormal spoilage can be the result of broken machinery or from inefficient operations, and is considered to be at least partially preventable.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
WWW world wide web acronyms fundamentalWebWWWThe World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3, commonly known as the Web), is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia, and navigate between them via hyperlinks.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
X-Height anatomy fundamentalTypographyX-HeightThe x-height or corpus size refers to the distance between the baseline and the mean line in a typeface. Typically, this is the height of the letter x in the font (the source of the term), as well as the u, v, w, and z.Principles of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Yottabyte yb informationComputingYottabyteThe yottabyte (derived from the SI prefix yotta-) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to one septillion (one long scale quadrillion or 1024) bytes (one quadrillion gigabytes). The unit symbol for the yottabyte is YB.Find the original at
Hanging IndentTypographyHanging IndentThere are two main types of first-line indent: normal and hanging. A hanging indent, indents the rest of the text while leaving the first line in place.Find the original at
Meniscus on-pressPrintMeniscusThis term describes the interface of a liquid to its container. It is caused by the degree of attraction a liquid has to the material of the container. The surface tension of the liquid is the major contributor to the shape and stability of this interface. The meniscus is created via a balance between the pressure and vacuum in the Jetrion ink system at the nozzles of the printheads.Terms compiled at
Selection ToolIllustratorSelection ToolThis tool is the workhorse of the selection tools. This is the tool you will use to select entire objects for moving or editing. To select an entire object, if the object does not have a fill color, use the selection tool to click on the border (path) of the object. If the object does have a fill color assigned to it, simply click anywhere on the object.Selection ToolsFind the original at
MSI 2 on-pressPrintMSIThousand Square InchesDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ThumbnailGeneralThumbnailThumbnails are reduced-size versions of pictures, used to help in recognizing and organizing them, serving the same role for images as a normal text index does for words.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
TIFF .tiff acronyms formatFile ExtensionTIFFTIFF ("Tagged Image File Format") is a file format for storing images, popular among graphic artists, photographers, and the publishing industry.Find the original at
Time Lapse stop motion undercrankingPhotographyTime LapseTime-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence. When played at normal speed, time appears to be moving faster and thus lapsing. For example, an image of a scene may be captured once every second, then played back at 30 frames per second. The result is an apparent 30-times speed increase. Time-lapse photography can be considered the opposite of high speed photography or slow motion.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Impressions analyticsWebImpressionstimes your ad is shownDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tittle anatomyTypographyTittleTittle is the name given to the dot above the lowercase "j" and "i."Principles of TypographyFind the original at
Drawdown on-pressPrintDrawdownTo make sure you are not surprised by the appearance of a particular ink on a particular paper, you can ask your printer for an "ink drawdown." The printer produces a drawdown by mixing your chosen ink and spreading a little on your chosen paper using a putty knife. While this thin film of ink won't show you how text or screens of the color will look, it will at least give you a general idea of the final appearance of your printed piece. This can be particularly helpful when you consider that many printing inks are transparent and are therefore dramatically altered by the paper color.Terms compiled at
HDR ToningPhotoshopHDR ToningTone mapping is a technique used in image processing and computer graphics to map one set of colors to another in order to approximate the appearance of high dynamic range images in a medium that has a more limited dynamic range.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SSL acronymsProgrammingSSLTransport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide communication security over the Internet. TLS and SSL encrypt the segments of network connections at the Application Layer for the Transport Layer, using asymmetric cryptography for key exchange, symmetric encryption for confidentiality, and message authentication codes for message integrity.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
TLS acronymsProgrammingTLSTransport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide communication security over the Internet. TLS and SSL encrypt the segments of network connections at the Application Layer for the Transport Layer, using asymmetric cryptography for key exchange, symmetric encryption for confidentiality, and message authentication codes for message integrity.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Trapping Color Colour prepress on-pressPrintTrappingTrapping is a term most commonly used in the prepress industry to describe the compensation for misregistration between printing units on a multicolor press. This misregistration causes unsightly gaps or white-space on the final printed work. Trapping involves creating overlaps (spreads) or underlaps (chokes) of objects during the print production process to eliminate misregistration on the press.Find the original at
UbuntuComputingUbuntuUbuntu is a computer operating system based on the Debian Linux distribution and distributed as free and open source software, using its own desktop environment. It is named after the Southern African philosophy of ubuntu ("humanity towards others") or another translation would be: "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity".Find the original at
Uncial gaelicTypographyUncialUncial is a majuscule script (written entirely in capital letters) commonly used from the 3rd to 8th centuries AD by Latin and Greek scribes. Uncial letters were used to write Greek, Latin, and Gothic.Terms compiled at
UnixComputingUnixUnix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix in small caps) is a multitasking, multi-user computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs, including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Brian Kernighan, Douglas McIlroy, Michael Lesk and Joe Ossanna. The Unix operating system was first developed in assembly language, but by 1973 had been almost entirely recoded in C, greatly facilitating its further development and porting to other hardware.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
UploadWebUploadUploading can refer to the sending of data from a local system to a remote system such as a server or another client with the intent that the remote system should store a copy of the data being transferred, or the initiation of such a process.Terms compiled at
Redirect 301 302 Permanent TemporaryProgrammingRedirectURL redirection, also called URL forwarding, is a World Wide Web technique for making a web page available under more than one URL address. When a web browser attempts to open a URL that has been redirected, a page with a different URL is opened.Find the original at
Plate Cylinder on-pressPrintPlate CylinderUsed to mount plates for flexo presses. Measurements of the plate cylinders are still used for Jetrion printing, however, physical plate cylinders themselves are not.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cure dry on-pressPrintCureUV-curable inks are cured using ultraviolet radiation in the 200-400 nm waveband of the electromagnetic spectrum. The process is started (initiated) by using a blend of photo-reactive (light-reactive) materials called photoinitiators. In the most commonly used chemistry, photoinitiators cleave to produce free radicals when exposed to UV light. The free radical species, now in an excited state, need to pass on this new energy. They search out other materials called acrylates that contain an unsaturated double bond, and together they propagate a polymer chain.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Varnish on-pressPrintVarnishVarnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film. Varnish is traditionally a combination of a drying oil, a resin, and a thinner or solvent.Terms compiled at
PathGeneralPathvectorTerms compiled at
VGA acronymsComputingVGAVideo Graphics Array (VGA) refers specifically to the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, but through its widespread adoption has also come to mean either an analog computer display standard, the 15-pin D-subminiature VGA connector or the 640×480 resolution itself.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Visual Hierarchy heirarchy view order fundamentalConceptVisual HierarchyVisual hierarchy is the order in which the human eye perceives what it sees. This order is created by the visual contrast between forms in a field of perception. Objects with highest contrast to their surroundings are recognized first by the human mind.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
AnalyticsWebAnalyticsWeb analytics is the measurement, collection, analysis and reporting of internet data for purposes of understanding and optimizing web usage.Terms compiled at
HEX fundamentalProgrammingHEXWeb colors are colors used in designing web pages, and the methods for describing and specifying those colors. Colors may be specified as a hexadecimal format (a hex triplet).0to255 Color ToolTerms compiled at
WebGLProgrammingWebGLWebGL (Web Graphics Library) is a JavaScript API for rendering interactive 3D graphics and 2D graphics within any compatible web browser without the use of plug-ins.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Webkit chrome safari layout engineWebWebkitWebKit is a layout engine software designed to allow web browsers to render web pages. WebKit powers the Apple Safari and Google Chrome browsers.Terms compiled at
WebsocketsProgrammingWebSocketWebSocket is a web technology providing full-duplex communications channels over a single TCP connection.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Wet Trap Color Colour on-pressPrintWet TrapWet ink meeting up with other wet ink causes the colors to run into each other.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Crash Ink on-pressPrintCrash (Ink)When alcohol contacts ink, the ink is no longer usable due to a chemical reaction. Additionally, if the ink is in the system when it crashes, the whole ink system may be contaminated.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Index webserver directory index.html index.htm index.phpProgrammingIndexWhen an HTTP client (generally a Web browser) requests a URL that points to a directory structure instead of an actual Web page within the directory, the Web server will generally serve a general page, which is often referred to as a main or "index" page.Find the original at
Residual Image on-pressPrintResidual ImageWhen part of an image from a previous job shows up on the current job.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Distortion prepressPrintDistortionWhen plates are wrapped around a cylinder, the repeat dimension will actually increase, so the image must be shrunk or "Distorted" to become the correct size when printed. The formula to calculate the distortion is: (Print Diameter - (2 x Soft Thickness)) / Print DiameterFind the original at
BOPP bi-axially acronyms on-pressPrintBOPPWhen polypropylene film is extruded and stretched in both the machine direction and across machine direction it is called biaxially oriented polypropylene. Biaxial orientation increases strength and clarity. BOPP is widely used as a packaging material for packaging products such as snack foods, fresh produce and confectionery.Terms compiled at
KeyPrintKeyWhen printing color images by combining multiple colors of inks, the colored inks usually do not contain much image detail. The key plate, which is usually impressed using black ink, provides the lines and/or contrast of the image.Terms compiled at
Bulb ModePhotographyBulb ModeWhen set to bulb, generally on the "M" or manual setting of the camera, the shutter will stay open as long as the shutter release button (or shutter release cable or remote) remains depressed.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stitch on-pressPrintStitchWhere the printheads meet in the center of the web. Can be disguised using the dither.Find the original at
Negative Space white open clean design fundamentalConceptNegative SpaceWhite space (also called ‘negative space’) is the portion of a page left “empty”. It’s the space between graphics, margins, gutters, space between columns, space between lines of type or visuals.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
WMA .wma acronyms formatFile ExtensionWMAWindows Media Audio (WMA) is an audio data compression technology developed by Microsoft. The name can be used to refer to its audio file format or its audio codecs. It is a proprietary technology that forms part of the Windows Media framework.Find the original at
WMV .wmv acronyms formatFile ExtensionWMVWindows Media Video (WMV) is a video compression format for several proprietary codecs developed by Microsoft. The original video format, known as WMV, was originally designed for Internet streaming applications, as a competitor to RealVideo.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
FloatProgrammingFloatWith CSS float, an element can be pushed to the left or right, allowing other elements to wrap around it. Float is very often used for images, but it is also useful when working with layouts.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ViewportWebViewportWith respect to web browsers, the viewport is the visible portion of the canvas.Find the original at
Wordpress CMSWebWordpressWordPress is a free and open source blogging tool and a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. It has many features including a plug-in architecture and a template system.Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
XHTML acronymsProgrammingXHTMLXHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) is a family of XML markup languages that mirror or extend versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which web pages are written.Terms compiled at
ZIP .zip archive compressed formatFile ExtensionZIPZip is a file format used for data compression and archiving. A zip file contains one or more files that have been compressed, to reduce file size, or stored as is. The zip file format permits a number of compression algorithms. The format was originally created in 1989 by Phil Katz, and was first implemented in PKWARE's PKZIP utility.Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Art DecoMovementX (xxxx-xxxx)Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Art Nouveau newvough newvou neauvou nouvaeu nuovaeu nouvoughMovementArt Nouveau (xxxx-xxxx)Find the original at
Background bgGeneralBackgroundDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
BalancePhotographyBalanceDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Baseline fundamentalTypographyBaselinePrinciples of TypographyDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bevel and EmbossBlending OptionsBevel & EmbossTerms compiled at
Bind on-pressPrintBindFind the original at
Black and WhitePhotoshopBlack & WhiteTerms compiled at
BlurPhotoshopBlurTerms compiled at
Brake break on-pressPrintBrakeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Brightness/ContrastPhotoshopBrightness/ContrastTerms compiled at
Brush paintbrushPhotoshopBrushTerms compiled at
BucketWebBucketTerms compiled at
CampaignWebCampaignDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CanvasGeneralCanvasDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Channel MixerPhotoshopChannel MixerDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chip KiddPersonKidd, ChipTerms compiled at
Color Balance ColourPhotoshopColor BalanceTerms compiled at
Color Correction ColourGeneralColor CorrectionTerms compiled at
Color Library ColourGeneralColor LibraryDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color Lookup ColourPhotoshopColor LookupTerms compiled at
Color Overlay ColourBlending OptionsColor OverlayDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Color Palette ColourGeneralColor PaletteFind the original at
Color Picker ColourPhotoshopColor PickerDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color Space ColourGeneralColor SpaceFind the original at
Compound Colors ColoursColor TheoryCompound ColorsKuler by AdobeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CondensedTypographyCondensedFind the original at
ContourTypographyContourTerms compiled at
CubismMovementCubism (xxxx-xxxx)Terms compiled at
CurvesPhotoshopCurvesDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Die on-pressPrintDieDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DistortPhotoshopDistortDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DistributePhotoshopDistributeTerms compiled at
Drop ShadowBlending OptionsDrop ShadowDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ellipse convert to shape effectsIllustratorEllipseDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Embedded Images linksIllustratorEmbedded ImagesDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Emulsion prepress on-pressPrintEmulsionDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
EncryptionWebEncryptionFind the original at
EqualizePhotoshopEqualizeTerms compiled at
EraserPhotoshopEraserDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ExportGeneralExportDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ExposurePhotoshopExposureFind the original at
Eyedropper color colour pickerGeneralEyedropperTerms compiled at
FaceTypographyFaceFind the original at
Fill opacityPhotoshopFillFind the original at
FilterGeneralFilterTerms compiled at
Flash adobe application creative suiteApplicationFlashTutorialsTerms compiled at
Flood Coating on-pressPrintFlood CoatingTerms compiled at
Floor prepress on-pressPrintFloorDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Font StyleTypographyFont StyleTerms compiled at
ForegroundGeneralForegroundDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
FormProgrammingFormFind the original at
FormatGeneralFormatDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fraktur blackletterTypographyFrakturDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gaelic TypeTypographyGaelic TypeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
George LoisPersonLois, GeorgeDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gradient MapPhotoshopGradient MapTerms compiled at
Gradient OverlayBlending OptionsGradient OverlayDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
GuidesGeneralGuidesFind the original at
HandPhotoshopHandDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Healing BrushPhotoshopHealing BrushDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Herbert MatterPersonMatter, HerbertFind the original at
HintsTypographyHintsFind the original at
History BrushPhotoshopHistory BrushTerms compiled at
Hits analyticsWebHitsDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Holdback prepressPrintHoldbackFind the original at
Hood Collar Lens ShadePhotographyLens HoodTerms compiled at
Hue/SaturationPhotoshopHue/SaturationDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Illustrator adobe application creative suiteApplicationIllustratorTutorialsDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ImpressionismMovementImpressionism (xxxx-xxxx)Find the original at
Inboard Gear Side Machine Side Inside on-pressPrintInboard/Gear Side/Machine Side/InsideDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
InDesign adobe application creative suiteApplicationInDesignTutorialsFind the original at
Inner GlowBlending OptionsInner GlowDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Inner ShadowBlending OptionsInner ShadowDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inspection on-pressPrintInspectionTerms compiled at
InvertPhotoshopInvertTerms compiled at
Jog on-pressPrintJogDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Laminate on-pressPrintLaminateTerms compiled at
LassoPhotoshopLassoTerms compiled at
Layers fundamentalGeneralLayersDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LayoutGeneralLayoutFind the original at
LensPhotographyLensTerms compiled at
LevelsPhotoshopLevelsDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Line Segment ToolIllustratorLine Segment ToolFind the original at
Line WeightGeneralLine WeightDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
LinearPrintLinerTerms compiled at
Link anatomyTypographyLinkTerms compiled at
Linked Image fundamentalIllustratorLinked ImageDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LogoBrandingLogoDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LogotypeBrandingLogotypeFind the original at
Long ExposurePhotographyLong ExposureDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lucian BernhardPersonBernhard, LucianTerms compiled at
Ludwig HohlweinPersonHohlwein, LudwigDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LuminosityGeneralLuminosityDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Macintosh apple osx operating systemComputingMacintoshDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Magic WandGeneralMagic WandDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Majuscule capital upper caseTypographyMajusculeTerms compiled at
Manual ModePhotographyManual ModeDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ManuscriptGeneralManuscriptFind the original at
MarginGeneralMarginDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Marquee rectangular circularPhotoshopMarqueeTerms compiled at
Master Page fundamentalInDesignMaster PageFind the original at
Match Color ColourPhotoshopMatch ColorDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Matrix on-pressPrintMatrixTerms compiled at
Memory CardComputingMemory CardDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
MidtonesGeneralMidtonesDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Milton GlaserPersonGlaser, MiltonFind the original at
MobileComputingMobileDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ModemWebModemDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Movable TypeTypographyMovable TypeFind the original at
Move Tool black arrowPhotoshopMove ToolDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Multichannel ColourColor ModeMultichannelFind the original at
Neck anatomyTypographyNeckDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
NestingProgrammingNestingDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
NetbookComputingNetbookDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
NoiseGeneralNoiseDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Non-Printing prepressPrintNon-PrintingTerms compiled at
ObjectGeneralObjectDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ObliqueTypographyObliqueFind the original at
Offset on-pressPrintOffsetTerms compiled at
Opacity transparency opaque alphaPhotoshopOpacityDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Opaque opacity transparency alphaGeneralOpaqueFind the original at
Outboard/Operator Side/Outside on-pressPrintOutboard/Operator Side/OutsideFind the original at
Outer GlowBlending OptionsOuter GlowDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Outline TextGeneralOutline TextTerms compiled at
PaddingProgrammingPaddingTerms compiled at
Pageviews analyticsWebPageviewsDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pagination prepress on-pressPrintPaginationFind the original at
PalettePhotoshopPaletteFind the original at
PathProgrammingPathDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pattern OverlayBlending OptionsPattern OverlayDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Paul RandPersonRand, PaulFind the original at
Paula ScherPersonScher, PaulaDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PenPhotoshopPenFind the original at
PencilPhotoshopPencilDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Perforation on-pressPrintPerforationTerms compiled at
PerspectivePhotoshopPerpectiveDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Peter BehrensPersonBehrens, PeterDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Photo FilterPhotoshopPhoto FilterDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PhotomergePhotoshopPhotomergeTutorialDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pinholes on-pressPrintPinholesDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PlakatstilMovementPlakatstil (xxxx-xxxx)Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pop ArtMovementPop Art (xxxx-xxxx)Terms compiled at
PosterizePhotoshopPosterizeTerms compiled at
PupilVisionPupilDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Quick MaskPhotoshopQuick MaskTerms compiled at
Raised CapTypographyRaised CapDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rasterize effectsIllustratorRasterizeFind the original at
Raymond LoewyPersonLoewy, RaymondTerms compiled at
RealismMovementRealism (xxxx-xxxx)Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ream on-pressPrintReamFind the original at
Rectangle convert to shape effectsIllustratorRectangleDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Replace Color ColourPhotoshopReplace ColorDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ResourcesWebResourcesDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Reverse prepress on-pressPrintReverseDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Rewind on-pressPrintRewindDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rosette prepress on-pressPrintRosetteFind the original at
Rotate counter clockwiseGeneralRotateDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rotunda blackletterTypographyRotundaTerms compiled at
Rounded Rectangle convert to shape effectsIllustratorRounded RectangleTerms compiled at
RulersGeneralRulersDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SatinBlending OptionsSatinFind the original at
Saul BassPersonBass, SaulTerms compiled at
Schwabacher blackletterTypographySchwabacherFind the original at
ScreenprintingPrintScreenprintingDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ScriptTypographyScriptDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SelectionGeneralSelectionDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Selective Color ColourPhotoshopSelective ColorDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Selective FocusPhotographySelective FocusTerms compiled at
Separations Preview color colour cmykIllustratorSeparations PreviewDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Shadows/HighlightsPhotoshopShadows/HighlightsFind the original at
Shape ToolsPhotoshopShape ToolsTerms compiled at
SharpenPhotoshopSharpenDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SignatureBrandingSignatureDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SkewPhotoshopSkewDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SliceGeneralSliceDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SmudgePhotoshopSmudgeDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Social mediaWebSocial MediaDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Soft CopyComputingSoft CopyTerms compiled at
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SpongePhotoshopSpongeFind the original at
Spot Color Colour prepress on-press fundamentalPrintSpot ColorTerms compiled at
Spot Varnish prepress on-pressPrintSpot VarnishDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
StabilizerPhotographyStabilizerTerms compiled at
Standard LigaturesTypographyStandard LigaturesDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
StoryboardGeneralStoryboardDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Strip on-pressPrintStrip (Press)Terms compiled at
Stripping prepressPrintStripping (Prepress)Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
StrokeBlending OptionsStrokeFind the original at
StrokeTypographyStrokeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SurrealismMovementSurrealism (xxxx-xxxx)Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
TelephotoPhotographyTelephotoFind the original at
Tension on-pressPrintTensionTerms compiled at
Ternary Operator terinaryProgrammingTernary OperatorDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tertiary Colors ColourColor TheoryTertiary ColorsTutorialDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
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Tint Sleeve on-pressPrintTint SleeveDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
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TransformGeneralTransformDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Transitional romanTypographyTransitionalDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
True TypeTypographyTrue TypeDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
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Unwind on-pressPrintUnwindFind the original at
ValueGeneralValueFind the original at
VibrancePhotoshopVibranceTerms compiled at
ViewfinderPhotographyViewfinderDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
VignettePhotographyVignetteDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Visits analyticsWebVisitsTerms compiled at
WarpPhotoshopWarpDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Watermark prepress on-pressPrintWatermarkDefinitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
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WiFiComputingWiFiDefinitions compiled by Chris Blakley
William GoldenPersonGolden, WilliamFind the original at
WorkspaceAdobeWorkspaceTerms compiled at
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