Gearside Creative

Comprehensive Graphic Design Glossary

In the interactive table below you can find all sorts of definitions for terms even remotely related to graphic design. For a more technical definition and other information, click on the name of the term to be taken to a hand-picked website. This is one of the most comprehensive list of definitions available online; terms range from file extensions to concepts and everything in between. If I've forgotten a term, or if you know of a better source for more information or tutorial, please contact me! If you are a student and this huge list of definitions made your vocabulary assignment a breeze, clicking the banner ad to the right is a great way of saying "thanks". I will continue to add definitions to make this the most comprehensive graphic design glossary online!

This is a pre-release. Definitions are being added daily!

Click in the header to sort by that column. Click the term to view the definition source and learn more about the topic. Click here for more cool usage ideas!

Help support original content!

Enable Javascript for real-time filtering and other great features!

Keywords Link Main Category Term
Click term for more info.
Definition
Click on the term for a more in-depth definition and examples.
Documentation
Tutorials, Downloads, etc.
Credit
Compiled by Chris Blakley | Gearside Creative
1080p aspect ratio General 1080p 1080p is a commonly accepted standard in digital resolution among digital displays. The 1080p is a jargon term refering to 1920 pixels in width and 1080 pixels in height with the p meaning progessive video. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
720p aspect ratio General 720p 720p is a progressive HDTV signal format with 720 horizontal lines and an aspect ratio (AR) of 16:9 (1.78:1). HDTV broadcasting standards include a 720p format which has a resolution of 1280×720. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Extrude and Bevel 3d effects Illustrator Extrude & Bevel A 3d effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Revolve 3d effects Illustrator Revolve A 3d effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Rotate 3d effects Illustrator Rotate A 3d effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Go to http://gearsidecreative.com
Bevel General Bevel A bevelled edge refers to an edge of a structure that is not perpendicular to the faces of the piece. The words bevel and chamfer overlap in usage. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bezier General Bezier A Bézier curve is a parametric curve frequently used in computer graphics and related fields. In vector graphics, Bézier curves are used to model smooth curves that can be scaled indefinitely. "Paths," as they are commonly referred to in image manipulation programs. They are named after the French mathematician, Pierre Bezier, who developed a method for defining curves mathematically. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bit information Computing Bit A bit (a contraction of binary digit) is the basic unit of information in computing and telecommunications. A bit can have only two values: either 1 or 0. A bit can be implemented in hardware by means of a two state device. Eight bits form a byte. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Blog cms Web Blog A blog (a portmanteau of the term web log) is a discussion or informational site published on the World Wide Web and consisting of discrete entries ("posts") typically displayed in reverse chronological order (the most recent post appears first). Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smart Blur blur filters effects Photoshop Smart Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Blurs an image with precision. You can specify a radius, a threshold, and a blur quality. The Radius value determines the size of the area searched for dissimilar pixels. The Threshold value determines how dissimilar the pixels must be before they are affected. You also can set a mode for the entire selection (Normal) or for the edges of color transitions (Edge Only and Overlay Edge). Where significant contrast occurs, Edge Only applies black-and-white edges, and Overlay Edge applies white. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Gaussian Blur blur filters effects Photoshop Gaussian Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Quickly blurs a selection by an adjustable amount. Gaussian refers to the bell-shaped curve that is generated when Photoshop applies a weighted average to the pixels. The Gaussian Blur filter adds low-frequency detail and can produce a hazy effect. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Radial Blur blur filters effects Photoshop Radial Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the blur of a zooming or rotating camera to produce a soft blur. Choose Spin to blur along concentric circular lines, and then specify a degree of rotation. Choose Zoom to blur along radial lines, as if zooming into or out of the image, and specify a value from 1 to 100. Blur quality ranges from Draft (for fast but grainy results) or Good and Best for smoother results, which are indistinguishable from each other except on a large selection. Specify the origin of the blur by dragging the pattern in the Blur Center box. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Field Blur blur filters Photoshop Field Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Iris Blur blur filters Photoshop Iris Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tilt-Shift blur filters Photoshop Tilt-Shift A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Lens Blur blur filters Photoshop Lens Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Adds blur to an image to give the effect of a narrower depth of field so that some objects in the image stay in focus and others areas are blurred. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Box Blur blur filters Photoshop Box Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blurs an image based on the average color value of neighboring pixels. This filter is useful for creating special effects. You can adjust the size of the area used to calculate the average value for a given pixel; a larger radius results in greater blurring. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Surface Blur blur filters Photoshop Surface Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blurs an image while preserving edges. This filter is useful for creating special effects and for removing noise or graininess. The Radius option specifies the size of the area sampled for the blur. The Threshold option controls how much the tonal values of neighboring pixels must diverge from the center pixel value before being part of the blur. Pixels with tonal value differences less than the Threshold value are excluded from the blur. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Motion Blur blur filters Photoshop Motion Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blurs in the specified direction (from –360º to +360º) and at a specified intensity (from 1 to 999). The filter’s effect is analogous to taking a picture of a moving object with a fixed exposure time. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Blur blur filters Photoshop Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Eliminate noise where significant color transitions occur in an image. Blur filters smooth transitions by averaging the pixels next to the hard edges of defined lines and shaded areas. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Blur More blur filters Photoshop Blur More A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Eliminate noise where significant color transitions occur in an image. Blur filters smooth transitions by averaging the pixels next to the hard edges of defined lines and shaded areas. The effect of the Blur More filter is three or four times stronger than that of the Blur filter. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Average blur filters Photoshop Average A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Finds the average color of an image or selection, and then fills the image or selection with the color to create a smooth look. For example, if you select an area of grass, the filter changes the area into a homogeneous patch of green. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Shape Blur blur filters Photoshop Shape Blur A blur filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Uses the specified kernel to create the blur. Choose a kernel from the list of custom shape presets, and use the radius slider to adjust its size. You can load different shape libraries by clicking the triangle and choosing from the list. Radius determines the size of the kernel; the larger the kernel, the greater the blur. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Accented Edges brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Accented Edges A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Accentuates the edges of an image. When the edge brightness control is set to a high value, the accents resemble white chalk; when set to a low value, the accents resemble black ink. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sumi-e brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Sumi-e A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints an image in Japanese style, as if with a fully saturated brush applied to rice paper. Sumi‑e creates soft, blurred edges with rich, inky blacks. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Dark Strokes brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Dark Strokes A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints dark areas with short, tight, dark strokes, and lighter areas with long, white strokes. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Crosshatch brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Crosshatch A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Preserves the details and features of the original image while adding texture and roughening the edges of the colored areas with simulated pencil hatching. The Strength option (with values from 1 to 3) determines the number of hatching passes. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ink Outlines brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Ink Outlines A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Redraws an image with fine narrow lines over the original details, in pen-and-ink style. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Angled Strokes brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Angled Strokes A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Repaints an image using diagonal strokes, with lighter and darker areas painted in strokes going in opposite directions. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Sprayed Strokes brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Sprayed Strokes A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Repaints an image, using its dominant colors, with angled, sprayed strokes of color. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Spatter brush strokes filters effects Photoshop Spatter A brush stroke filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Replicates the effect of a spatter airbrush. Increasing the options simplifies the overall effect. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
RAW .raw photography format File Extension RAW A camera raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of either a digital camera, image scanner, or motion picture film scanner. Raw files are so named because they are not yet processed and therefore are not ready to be printed or edited with a bitmap graphics editor. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Candid Photography Candid A candid photograph is a photograph that is captured without creating a posed appearance. This is achieved by avoiding prior preparation of the subject and by either surprising the subject or by not distracting the subject during the process of taking photos. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Axis Typography Axis A Cartesian coordinate system specifies each point uniquely in a plane by a pair of numerical coordinates, which are the signed distances from the point to two fixed perpendicular directed lines, measured in the same unit of length. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Centimeter length centimetre Unit Centimeter A centimeter is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one hundredth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Character Typography Character A character, or glyph, is an element of writing: an individual mark on a written medium that contributes to the meaning of what is written. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
CCD image sensor camera acronyms Photography CCD A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value. This is achieved by "shifting" the signals between stages within the device one at a time. CCDs move charge between capacitive bins in the device, with the shift allowing for the transfer of charge between bins. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Saturation Color Theory Saturation A chromatic purity; freedom from dilution with white. Saturation is the intensity of a hue from grey. At maximum saturation a color would contain no grey at all. At minimum saturation, a color would contain mostly grey. Tutorial Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Cicero typography Unit Cicero A cicero is a unit of measure used in typography in Italy, France and other continental European countries. It is 1⁄6 of the historical French inch, and is divided into 12 points, known in English as French points or Didot points. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Clipping Path Photoshop Clipping Path A clipping path (or "deep etch"[1]) is a closed vector path, or shape, used to cut out a 2D image in image editing software. Anything inside the path will be included after the clipping path is applied; anything outside the path will be omitted from the output. Applying the clipping path results in a hard (aliased) or soft (anti-aliased) edge, depending on the image editor's capabilities. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Bowl anatomy Typography Bowl A closed rounded stroke is called a bowl in b d o p q D O P Q R; B has two bowls. Principles of Typography Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Filter Gallery filters Photoshop Filter Gallery A collection of filters available in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Registration Color Colour prepress on-press Print Registration (Color) A color (represented by black) that is made up of all colors. Used to register separations on a traditional printing press. Registration is recognized by the Jetrion. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Shade Color Theory Shade A color produced by a pigment or dye mixture having some black in it. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Color Cast Colour General Color Cast A colour cast is a tint of a particular colour, usually unwanted, which affects the whole of a photographic image evenly. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CSV acronyms Programming CSV A comma-separated values (CSV) file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain-text form. Plain text means that the file is a sequence of characters, with no data that has to be interpreted instead, as binary numbers. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Compound Path General Compound Path A compound path results from the combination of multiple clipping paths (inclusive and exclusive) and the Boolean operations that ultimately determine what the combined path contains. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Font fundamental Typography Font A computer font (or font) is an electronic data file containing a set of glyphs, characters, or symbols such as dingbats. Although the term font first referred to a set of metal type sorts in one style and size, since the 1990s it is generally used to refer to a scalable set of digital shapes that may be printed at many different sizes. There are three basic kinds of computer font file data formats: Bitmap, Outline, and Stroke. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
CMS content management system acronyms fundamental Web CMS A content management system is a computer program that allows publishing, editing and modifying content as well as maintenance from a central interface. Such systems of content management provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Cookie cookies Web Cookie A cookie, also known as an HTTP cookie, web cookie, or browser cookie, is usually a small piece of data sent from a website and stored in a user's web browser while a user is browsing a website. When the user browses the same website in the future, the data stored in the cookie can be retrieved by the website to notify the website of the user's previous activity. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Identity Branding Identity A corporate identity is the overall image of a corporation or firm or business in the minds of diverse publics, such as customers and investors and employees. It is a primary task of the corporate communications department to maintain and build this identity to accord with and facilitate the attainment of business objectives. It is usually visibly manifested by way of branding and the use of trademarks. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Darkroom dark room Photography Darkroom A darkroom is a room that can be made completely dark to allow the processing of light sensitive photographic materials, including photographic film and photographic paper. Darkrooms have been created and used since the inception of photography in the early 19th century. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Database sql mysql Programming Database A database is an organized collection of data. The data is typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality (for example, the availability of rooms in hotels), in a way that supports processes requiring this information (for example, finding a hotel with vacancies). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dekameter Unit Dekameter A decametre or dekametre (American spelling: dekameter, earlier decameter; symbol dam, sometimes Dm or dkm) is a very rarely used unit of length in the metric system, equal to ten metres, the SI base unit of length.
Densitometer on-press Print Densitometer A device that measures the degree of darkness (the optical density) of a photographic or semitransparent material or of a reflecting surface. The densitometer is basically a light source aimed at a photoelectric cell. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Diacritics Typography Diacritics A diacritical mark (or diacritical point, diacritical sign) is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Die Cut on-press Print Die Cut A die is a specialized tool used in manufacturing industries to cut or shape material using a press. Like molds and stencils, dies are generally customized to the item they are used to create. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Free Distort distort and transform effects Illustrator Free Distort A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pucker and Bloat distort and transform effects Illustrator Pucker & Bloat A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Roughen distort and transform effects Illustrator Roughen A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Transform distort and transform effects Illustrator Transform A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Tweak distort and transform effects Illustrator Tweak A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Twist distort and transform effects Illustrator Twist A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Zig Zag distort and transform effects Illustrator Zig Zag A distort and transform effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ocean Ripple distort filters effects Photoshop Ocean Ripple A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Adds randomly spaced ripples to the surface of the image so that it appears to be underwater. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Glass distort filters effects Photoshop Glass A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Makes an image appear as if it were being viewed through different types of glass. You can choose a glass effect or create your own glass surface as a Photoshop file and apply it. You can adjust scaling, distortion, and smoothness settings. When using surface controls with a file, follow the instructions for the Displace filter. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Diffuse Glow distort filters effects Photoshop Diffuse Glow A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Renders an image as though it were viewed through a soft diffusion filter. The filter adds see-through white noise, with the glow fading from the center of a selection. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Polar Coordinates distort filters Photoshop Polor Coordinates A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Converts a selection from its rectangular to polar coordinates, and vice versa, according to a selected option. You can use this filter to create a cylinder anamorphosis—an art form popular in the 18th century—in which the distorted image appears normal when viewed in a mirrored cylinder. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Ripple distort filters Photoshop Ripple A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Creates an undulating pattern on a selection, like ripples on the surface of a pond. For greater control, use the Wave filter. Options include the number and size of ripples. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ZigZag zig zag distort filters Photoshop ZigZag A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Distorts a selection radially, depending on the radius of the pixels in your selection. The Ridges option sets the number of direction reversals of the zigzag from the center of the selection to its edge. You also specify how to displace the pixels: Pond Ripples displaces pixels to the upper-left or lower right, Out From Center displaces pixels toward or away from the center of the selection, and Around Center rotates pixels around the center. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Shear distort filters Photoshop Shear A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Distorts an image along a curve. Specify the curve by dragging the line in the box. You can adjust any point along the curve. Click Default to change the curve back to a straight line. In addition, you choose how to treat undistorted areas. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Spherize distort filters Photoshop Spherize A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Gives objects a 3D effect by wrapping a selection around a spherical shape, distorting the image and stretching it to fit the selected curve. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Twirl distort filters Photoshop Twirl A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Rotates a selection more sharply in the center than at the edges. Specifying an angle produces a twirl pattern. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pinch distort filters Photoshop Pinch A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Squeezes a selection. A positive value up to 100% shifts a selection toward its center; a negative value up to – 100% shifts a selection outward. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Displace distort filters Photoshop Displace A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Uses an image, called a displacement map, to determine how to distort a selection. For example, using a parabola-shaped displacement map, you can create an image that appears to be printed on a cloth held up by its corners. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Wave distort filters Photoshop Wave A distort filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Works much as the Ripple filter does, but with greater control. Options include the number of wave generators, wavelength (distance from one wave crest to the next), height of the wave, and wave type: Sine (rolling), Triangle, or Square. The Randomize option applies random values. You can also define undistorted areas. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Favicon fav icon Web Favicon A favicon, also known as a shortcut icon, Web site icon, URL icon, or bookmark icon, is a file containing one or more small icons, most commonly 16×16 pixels, associated with a particular Web site or Web page. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Figure Space Typography Figure Space A figure space is a typographic unit equal to the size of a single typographic figure (numeral or letter), minus leading. Its size can fluctuate somewhat depending on which font is being used. In fonts with monospaced digits, it is equal to the width of one digit. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Lens Correction filters Photoshop Lens Correction A filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Liquify filters Photoshop Liquify A filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Oil Paint filters Photoshop Oil Paint A filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Vanishing Point filters Photoshop Vanishing Point A filter available in Adobe Photoshop. The Vanishing Point feature preserves correct perspective in edits of images that contain perspective planes (for instance, the sides of a building or any rectangular object). Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Firewall Computing Firewall A firewall can either be software-based or hardware-based and is used to help keep a network secure. Its primary objective is to control the incoming and outgoing network traffic by analyzing the data packets and determining whether it should be allowed through or not, based on a predetermined rule set. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Fisheye Lens Photography Fisheye Lens A fisheye lens is an ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Flash Photography Flash A flash is a device used in photography producing a flash of artificial light (typically 1/1000 to 1/200 of a second) at a color temperature of about 5500 K to help illuminate a scene. A major purpose of a flash is to illuminate a dark scene. Other uses are capturing quickly moving objects or changing the quality of light. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Coating on-press Print Coating A flood of varnish-like liquid to treat material to be more receptive to ink. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Framing Photography Framing A frame serves the double purpose of making a more aesthetically pleasing image and keeping the focus on the framed object(s) – it can also be used as a repoussoir, to direct attention back into the scene. It adds depth to the image, and can add interest to the picture when the frame is thematically related to the object being framed. (Often confused with Field Size) Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Full-Frame Camera Photography Full-Frame Camera A full-frame digital SLR is a digital single-lens reflex camera (DSLR) fitted with an image sensor that is the same size as a 35 mm (36×24 mm) film frame. This is in contrast to cameras with smaller sensors, typically of a size equivalent to APS-C-size film, much smaller than a full 35 mm frame. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Gigabyte gb Computing Gigabyte A Gigabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information storage. The prefix giga means 109 in the International System of Units (SI), therefore 1 gigabyte is 1000000000bytes. The unit symbol for the gigabyte is GB or Gbyte. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Glyph Typography Glyph A glyph is an element of writing: an individual mark on a written medium that contributes to the meaning of what is written. Principles of Typography Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Grapheme ligature Typography Grapheme A grapheme is the smallest semantically distinguishing unit in a written language, analogous to the phonemes of spoken languages. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Grey Card Gray Photography Grey Card A grey card is a middle gray reference, typically used together with a reflective light meter, as a way to produce consistent image exposure and/or color in film and photography. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Thermocouple on-press Print Thermocouple A kind of thermometer consisting of two wires of different metals that are joined at both ends; one junction is at the temperature to be measured and the other is held at a fixed lower temperature; the current generated in the circuit is proportional to the temperature difference. Used to measure ink temperatures on digital printing presses. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lab Color Colour CIELAB space Color Mode Lab A Lab color space is a color-opponent space with dimension L for lightness and a and b for the color-opponent dimensions, based on nonlinearly compressed CIE XYZ color space coordinates. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Drop Cap Typography Drop Cap A large initial letter that drops below the first line of a paragraph, usually used at the beginning of a section or chapter of a book. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Exposure Meter Photography Exposure Meter A light meter is a device used to measure the amount of light. In photography, a light meter is often used to determine the proper exposure for a photograph. Typically a light meter will include a computer, either digital or analog, which allows the photographer to determine which shutter speed and f-number should be selected for an optimum exposure, given a certain lighting situation and film speed. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LED acronyms Computing LED A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor light source. LEDs are used as indicator lamps in many devices and are increasingly used for other lighting. Appearing as practical electronic components in 1962, early LEDs emitted low-intensity red light, but modern versions are available across the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared wavelengths, with very high brightness. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
LCD acronyms Computing LCD A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals. Liquid crystals do not emit light directly. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
LAN acronyms WAN Web LAN A local area network (LAN) is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building using network media. The defining characteristics of LANs, in contrast to wide area networks (WANs), include their usually higher data-transfer rates, smaller geographic area, and lack of a need for leased telecommunication lines. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Arm anatomy Typography Arm A longer horizontal stroke at the top or bottom, as in E F L T, is called an arm. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Loupe loop Print Loupe A loupe is a simple, small magnification device used to see small details more closely. Unlike a magnifying glass, a loupe does not have an attached handle, and its focusing lens(es) are contained in an opaque cylinder or cone or fold into an enclosing housing that protects the lenses when not in use. Loupes are also called hand lenses (or nose lenses). Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Stem anatomy Typography Stem A main vertical stroke is called a stem. The letter m has three, the left, middle, and right stems. Principles of Typography Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Separations Colour prepress on-press Print Color Separations A means of dividing a full color photograph into four separate components, corresponding to the four primary colors used in process color printing—cyan, magenta, yellow, and black. Process color printing involves overprinting halftone dots of each of these four colors in varying densities, the various combinations producing the wide range of reproducible colors. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Monochromatic Colors Colours Color Theory Monochromatic Colors A monochromatic color scheme consists of different values (tints and shades) of one single color. These color schemes are easy to get right and can be very effective, soothing and authoritative. Kuler by Adobe Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Monopod, Unipod Photography Monopod A monopod, also called a unipod, is a single staff or pole used to help support cameras, video cameras, binoculars, rifles or other precision instruments in the field. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Monospaced Typography Monospaced A monospaced font, also called a fixed-pitch, fixed-width or non-proportional font, is a font whose letters and characters each occupy the same amount of horizontal space. This contrasts with variable-width fonts, where the letters differ in size from one another. The first monospaced typefaces were designed for typewriters, which could only move the same distance forward with each letter typed. This also meant that monospaced fonts need not be typeset like variable width fonts and were, arguably, easier to deal with. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Iris Photography Iris A natural optical system that has a diaphragm and an aperture is the human eye. The iris is the diaphragm, and the opening in the iris of the eye (the pupil) is the aperture. An analogous device in a photographic lens is called an iris diaphragm. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Host Web Host A network host is a computer connected to a computer network. A network host may offer information resources, services, and applications to users or other nodes on the network. A network host is a network node that is assigned a network layer host address. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Add Noise noise filters Photoshop Add Noise A noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Applies random pixels to an image, simulating the effect of shooting pictures on high-speed film. You can also use the Add Noise filter to reduce banding in feathered selections or graduated fills or to give a more realistic look to heavily retouched areas. Options for noise distribution include Uniform and Gaussian. Uniform distributes color values of noise using random numbers between 0 and plus or minus the specified value, creating a subtle effect. Gaussian distributes color values of noise along a bell-shaped curve, creating a speckled effect. The Monochromatic option applies the filter to only the tonal elements in the image without changing the colors. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Despeckle noise filters Photoshop Despeckle A noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Detects the edges in an image (areas where significant color changes occur) and blurs all of the selection except those edges. This blurring removes noise while preserving detail. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Dust and Scratches noise filters Photoshop Dust & Scratches A noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Reduces noise by changing dissimilar pixels. To achieve a balance between sharpening the image and hiding defects, try various combinations of Radius and Threshold settings. Or apply the filter to selected areas in the image. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Median noise filters Photoshop Median A noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Reduces noise in an image by blending the brightness of pixels within a selection. The filter searches the radius of a pixel selection for pixels of similar brightness, discarding pixels that differ too much from adjacent pixels, and replaces the center pixel with the median brightness value of the searched pixels. This filter is useful for eliminating or reducing the effect of motion on an image. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Reduce Noise noise filters Photoshop Reduce Noise A noise filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Reduces noise while preserving edges based on user settings affecting the overall image or individual channels. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Align palette window Illustrator Align A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Appearance palette Illustrator Appearance A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Artboards palette window Illustrator Artboards A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Attributes palette window overprint prepress Illustrator Attributes A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Brushes palette window Illustrator Brushes A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Guide palette window Illustrator Color Guide A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Document Info palette window Illustrator Document Info A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Flattener Preview palette window Illustrator Flattener Preview A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Gradient palette window Illustrator Gradient A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Graphic Styles palette window Illustrator Graphic Styles A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Image Trace palette window Illustrator Image Trace A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Links palette window Illustrator Links A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Magic Wand palette window Illustrator Magic Wand A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Pathfinder palette window Illustrator Pathfinder A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Pattern Options palette window Illustrator Pattern Options A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Separations Preview palette window Illustrator Separations Preview A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Stroke palette window Illustrator Stroke A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SVG Interactivity palette window Illustrator SVG Interactivity A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Symbols palette window Illustrator Symbols A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Transform palette window Illustrator Transform A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Transparency palette window Illustrator Transparency A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Type palette window Illustrator Type A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Variables palette window Illustrator Variables A palette used in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Actions palette window Photoshop Actions A palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color palette window Photoshop Color A palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Info palette window Photoshop Info A palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Layers palette window Photoshop Layers A palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Navigator palette window Photoshop Navigator A palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Swatches palette window Photoshop Swatches A palette used in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
3D palette window Photoshop 3D A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Adjustments palette window Photoshop Adjustments A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Brush palette window Photoshop Brush A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Brush Presets palette window Photoshop Brush Presets A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Channels palette window Photoshop Channels A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Character palette window Photoshop Character A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Character Styles palette window Photoshop Character Styles A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Clone Source palette window Photoshop Clone Source A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Histogram palette window Photoshop Histogram A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
History palette window Photoshop History A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Layer Comps palette window Photoshop Layer Comps A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Measurement Log palette window Photoshop Measurement Log A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Notes palette window Photoshop Notes A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Paragraph palette window Photoshop Paragraph A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Paragraph Styles palette window Photoshop Paragraph Styles A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Paths palette window Photoshop Paths A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Properties palette window Photoshop Properties A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Styles palette window Photoshop Styles A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Timeline palette window Photoshop Timeline A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tool Presets palette window Photoshop Tool Presets A palette used in Adobe Photoshop. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Pancake Lens Photography Pancake Lens A pancake lens is colloquial term for a flat, thin lens (short barrel), generally a normal or slightly wide prime lens for a camera. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pangram the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog Typography Pangram A pangram or holoalphabetic sentence for a given alphabet is a sentence using every letter of the alphabet at least once. Pangrams have been used to display typefaces, test equipment, and develop skills in handwriting, calligraphy, and keyboarding. The quick brown fox... Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Panorama Photography Panorama A panorama is any wide-angle view or representation of a physical space, whether in painting, drawing, photography, film/video, or a three-dimensional model. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Widow Typography Widow A paragraph-ending line that falls at the beginning of the following page/column, thus separated from the rest of the text. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Orphan Typography Orphan A paragraph-opening line that appears by itself at the bottom of a page/column, or a word, part of a word, or very short line that appears by itself at the end of a paragraph. Orphans result in too much white space between paragraphs or at the bottom of a page. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Offset Path path effects Illustrator Offset Path A path effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Outline Object path effects Illustrator Outline Object A path effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Outline Stroke path effects Illustrator Outline Stroke A path effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hard Mix pathfinder effects Illustrator Hard Mix A pathfinder effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Soft Mix pathfinder effects Illustrator Soft Mix A pathfinder effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Trap pathfinder effects Illustrator Trap A pathfinder effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Permalink Web Permalink A permalink (portmanteau of permanent link) is a URL that points to a specific blog or forum entry after it has passed from the front page to the archives. Because a permalink remains unchanged indefinitely, it is less susceptible to link rot. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
PC windows microsoft Computing PC A personal computer (PC) is any general-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and original sales price make it useful for individuals, and which is intended to be operated directly by an end-user with no intervening computer operator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Petabyte pb Computing Petabyte A petabyte (derived from the SI prefix peta- ) is a unit of information equal to one quadrillion (short scale) bytes, or 1 billiard (long scale) bytes. The unit symbol for the petabyte is PB. The prefix peta (P) indicates the fifth power to 1000: 1 PB = 1000000000000000B = 10005 B = 1015 B = 1 million gigabytes = 1 thousand terabytes Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Overexposure Photography Overexposure A photograph may be described as overexposed when it has a loss of highlight detail, that is, when important bright parts of an image are "washed out" or effectively all white, known as "blown out highlights" or "clipped whites".
Underexposure Photography Underexposure A photograph may be described as underexposed when it has a loss of shadow detail, that is, when important dark areas are "muddy" or indistinguishable from black, known as "blocked up shadows" (or sometimes "crushed shadows," "crushed blacks," or "clipped blacks," especially in video). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pica typography Unit Pica A pica is a typographic unit of measure corresponding to 1/72 of its respective foot, and therefore to 1/6 of an inch. The pica contains 12 point units of measure. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Pigment Color Colour on-press Print Pigment A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption. This physical process differs from fluorescence, phosphorescence, and other forms of luminescence, in which a material emits light. Combined with a liquid "vehicle" to create printing ink. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pointillize pixelate filters effects Photoshop Pointillize A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Breaks up the color in an image into randomly placed dots, as in a pointillist painting, and uses the background color as a canvas area between the dots. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Crystallize pixelate filters effects Photoshop Crystallize A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Clumps pixels into a solid color in a polygon shape. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Mezzotint pixelate filters effects Photoshop Mezzotint A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Converts an image to a random pattern of black-and-white areas or of fully saturated colors in a color image. To use the filter, choose a dot pattern from the Type menu in the Mezzotint dialog box. http://gearsidecreative.com
Color Halftone colour pixelate filters effects Photoshop Color Halftone A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the effect of using an enlarged halftone screen on each channel of the image. For each channel, the filter divides the image into rectangles and replaces each rectangle with a circle. The circle size is proportional to the brightness of the rectangle. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Mosaic pixelate filters Photoshop Mosaic A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Clumps pixels into square blocks. The pixels in a given block are the same color, and the colors of the blocks represent the colors in the selection. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Facet pixelate filters Photoshop Facet A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Clumps pixels of solid or similar colors into blocks of like-colored pixels. You can use this filter to make a scanned image look hand-painted or to make a realistic image resemble an abstract painting. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fragment pixelate filters Photoshop Fragment A pixelate filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Creates four copies of the pixels in the selection, averages them, and offsets them from each other. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Step and Repeat prepress Print Step & Repeat A printed design in which an element is copied and reproduced over a given area, maintaining equal spacing and direction between elements to create a pattern. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Prototype General Prototype A prototype is an early sample or model built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from. It is a term used in a variety of contexts, including semantics, design, electronics, and software programming. A prototype is designed to test and trial a new design to enhance precision by system analysts and users. Prototyping serves to provide specifications for a real, working system rather than a theoretical one. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Proximity Sensor prox on-press Print Proximity Sensor A proximity sensor (or "prox sensor") is a sensor able to detect the presence of nearby objects without any physical contact. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pull Quote Typography Pull Quote A pull quote (also known as a lift-out quote) is a quotation or excerpt from an article that is typically placed in a larger or distinctive typeface on the same page, serving to entice readers into an article or to highlight a key topic. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chroma Color Theory Chroma A quality of color combining hue and saturation. Tutorial Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Rangefinder Photography Rangefinder A rangefinder is a device that measures distance from the observer to a target, for the purposes of surveying, navigation, determining focus in photography, choosing a golf club, or accurately aiming a weapon. Some devices use active methods to measure (such as sonar, laser, or radar); others measure distance using trigonometry (stadiametric rangefinders and parallax, or coincidence rangefinders). Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
RIP acronyms prepress Print RIP A raster image processor (RIP) is a component used in a printing system which produces a raster image also known as a bitmap. The bitmap is then sent to a printing device for output. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Router Computing Router A router is a device that forwards data packets between computer networks, creating an overlay internetwork. A router is connected to two or more data lines from different networks. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Secondary Colors Colours Color Theory Secondary Colors A secondary color is a color made by mixing two primary colors in a given color space. Tutorial Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Adhesive Bleed on-press Print Adhesive Bleed A seeping or oozing of the adhesive material from pressure-sensitive label stock caused by cold-flow or pressure produced by clamps or other means. Also called ooze, adhesive ooze, and adhesive strike-through. This exposed adhesive will accumulate on rollers, the plate, and may clog nozzels in digital inkjet printers. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Self-Timer Photography Self-Timer A self-timer is a device on a camera that gives a delay between pressing the shutter release and the shutter's firing. It is most commonly used to let photographers to take a photo of themselves (often with the family), hence the name. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Unsharp Mask sharpen filters Photoshop Unsharp Mask A sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Find the areas in the image where significant color changes occur and sharpen them. For professional color correction, use the Unsharp Mask filter to adjust the contrast of edge detail and produce a lighter and darker line on each side of the edge. This process emphasizes the edge and creates the illusion of a sharper image. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sharpen Edges sharpen filters Photoshop Sharpen Edges A sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Find the areas in the image where significant color changes occur and sharpen them. The Sharpen Edges filter sharpens only edges while preserving the overall smoothness of the image. Use this filter to sharpen edges without specifying an amount. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Sharpen sharpen filters Photoshop Sharpen A sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Focus a selection and improve its clarity. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Sharpen More sharpen filters Photoshop Sharpen More A sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Focus a selection and improve its clarity. The Sharpen More filter applies a stronger sharpening effect than does the Sharpen filter. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smart Sharpen sharpen filters Photoshop Smart Sharpen A sharpen filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Sharpens an image by letting you set the sharpening algorithm or control the amount of sharpening that occurs in shadows and highlights. This is the recommended way to sharpen if you don’t have a particular sharpening filter in mind. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bar crossbar anatomy Typography Bar A short horizontal stroke, as in the center of e f t A and the middle stroke of E F, is called a bar. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SLR acronyms Photography SLR A single-lens reflex (SLR) camera is a camera that typically uses a mirror and prism system (hence "reflex", from the mirror's reflection) that permits the photographer to view through the lens and see exactly what will be captured, contrary to viewfinder cameras where the image could be significantly different from what will be captured. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Charcoal sketch filters effects Photoshop Charcoal A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Creates a posterized, smudged effect. Major edges are boldly drawn, and midtones are sketched using a diagonal stroke. Charcoal is the foreground color, and the background is the color of the paper. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Note Paper sketch filters effects Photoshop Note Paper A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Creates an image that appears to be constructed of handmade paper. This filter simplifies images and combines the effects of the Stylize > Emboss and Texture > Grain filters. Dark areas of the image appear as holes in the top layer of paper, revealing the background color. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Plaster sketch filters effects Photoshop Plaster A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Molds an image from 3D plaster, and then colorizes the result using the foreground and background color. Dark areas are raised, and light areas are recessed. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Torn Edges sketch filters effects Photoshop Torn Edges A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Reconstructs the image so that it appears composed of ragged, torn pieces of paper, and then colorizes the image using the foreground and background colors. This filter is particularly useful for text or high-contrast objects. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chalk and Charcoal sketch filters effects Photoshop Chalk & Charcoal A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Redraws highlights and midtones with a solid midtone gray background drawn in coarse chalk. Shadow areas are replaced with black diagonal charcoal lines. The charcoal is drawn in the foreground color; the chalk, in the background color. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Chrome sketch filters effects Photoshop Chrome A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Renders the image as if it had a polished chrome surface. Highlights are high points, and shadows are low points in the reflecting surface. After applying the filter, use the Levels dialog box to add more contrast to the image. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Conte Crayon conté sketch filters effects Photoshop Conté Crayon A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Replicates the texture of dense dark and pure white Conté crayons on an image. The Conté Crayon filter uses the foreground color for dark areas and the background color for light areas. For a truer effect, change the foreground color to one of the common Conté Crayon colors (black, sepia, or sanguine) before applying the filter. For a muted effect, change the background color to white, add some of the foreground color to the white background, and then apply the filter. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stamp sketch filters effects Photoshop Stamp A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simplifies the image so that it appears to be created with a rubber or wood stamp. This filter is best used with black-and-white images. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Reticulation sketch filters effects Photoshop Reticulation A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the controlled shrinking and distortion of film emulsion to create an image that appears clumped in the shadows and lightly grained in the highlights. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Halftone Pattern sketch filters effects Photoshop Halftone Pattern A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the effect of a halftone screen while maintaining the continuous range of tones. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Photocopy sketch filters effects Photoshop Photocopy A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Simulates the effect of photocopying an image. Large dark areas tend to be copied only around their edges, and midtones fall away to either solid black or solid white. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Bas Relief sketch filters effects Photoshop Bas Relief A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Transforms an image so that it appears carved in low relief and lit to accent the surface variations. Dark areas of the image take on the foreground color, and light colors use the background color. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Water Paper sketch filters effects Photoshop Water Paper A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Uses blotchy daubs that appear painted onto fibrous, damp paper, causing the colors to flow and blend. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Graphic Pen sketch filters effects Photoshop Graphic Pen A sketch filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Uses fine, linear ink strokes to capture the details in the original image. The effect is especially striking with scanned images. The filter replaces color in the original image, using the foreground color for ink and the background color for paper. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Skeuomorphism Skewmorphism Concept Skeuomorphism A skeuomorph is a physical ornament or design on an object copied from a form of the object when made from another material or by other techniques. Examples include pottery embellished with imitation rivets reminiscent of similar pots made of metal,[1] or a software calendar application which displays the days organised on animated month pages in imitation of a paper desk calendar. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Bug Programming Bugs A software bug is an error, flaw, mistake, failure, or fault in a computer program or system that produces an incorrect or unexpected result, or causes it to behave in unintended ways. Most bugs arise from mistakes and errors made by people in either a program's source code or its design, and a few are caused by compilers producing incorrect code. A program that contains a large number of bugs, and/or bugs that seriously interfere with its functionality, is said to be buggy. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Descender anatomy Typography Descender A stroke which drops below the baseline is a descender. Letters with descenders are g j p q y. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Drop Shadow stylize effects Illustrator Drop Shadow A stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Feather stylize effects Illustrator Feather A stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inner Glow stylize effects Illustrator Inner Glow A stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Outer Glow stylize effects Illustrator Outer Glow A stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Round Corners stylize effects Illustrator Round Corners A stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Scribble stylize effects Illustrator Scribble A stylize effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Solarize stylize filters Photoshop Solarize A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Blends a negative and a positive image—similar to exposing a photographic print briefly to light during development. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Tiles stylize filters Photoshop Tiles A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Breaks up an image into a series of tiles, creating an offset between the selection and its original position. You can choose one of the following to fill the area between the tiles: the background color, the foreground color, a reverse version of the image, or an unaltered version of the image, which puts the tiled version on top of the original and reveals part of the original image underneath the tiled edges. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Trace Contour stylize filters Photoshop Trace Contour A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Finds the transitions of major brightness areas and thinly outlines them for each color channel, for an effect similar to the lines in a contour map. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Extrude stylize filters Photoshop Extrude A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Gives a 3D texture to a selection or layer. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Find Edges stylize filters Photoshop Find Edges A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Identifies the areas of the image with significant transitions and emphasizes the edges. Like the Trace Counter filter, Find Edges outlines the edges of an image with dark lines against a white background and is useful for creating a border around an image. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Glowing Edges stylize filters effects Photoshop Glowing Edges A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Identifies the edges of color and adds a neon-like glow to them. This filter can be applied cumulatively. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Emboss stylize filters Photoshop Emboss A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Makes a selection appear raised or stamped by converting its fill color to gray and tracing the edges with the original fill color. Options include an embossing angle (from –360° to recess the surface, to +360° to raise the surface), height, and a percentage (1% to 500%) for the amount of color within the selection. To retain color and detail when embossing, use the Fade command after applying the Emboss filter. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Wind stylize filters Photoshop Wind A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Places tiny horizontal lines in the image to create a windblown effect. Methods include Wind; Blast, for a more dramatic wind effect; and Stagger, which offsets the lines in the image. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Diffuse stylize filters Photoshop Diffuse A stylize filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Shuffles pixels in a selection to soften focus according to the selected option: Normal moves pixels randomly (ignoring color values), Darken Only replaces light pixels with darker ones, and Lighten Only replaces dark pixels with lighter ones. Anisotropic shuffles pixels in the direction of the least change in color. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Subscript Typography Subscript A subscript is a number, figure, symbol, or indicator that appears smaller than the normal line of type and is usually set slightly below the baseline. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Superscript Typography Superscript A superscript is a number, figure, symbol, or indicator that appears smaller than the normal line of type and is set slightly above it. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Swash anatomy Typography Swash A swash is a typographical flourish, such as an exaggerated serif, terminal, tail, entry stroke, etc. on a glyph. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Symbol Branding Symbol A symbol is something that represents an idea, a process, or a physical entity. The purpose of a symbol is to communicate meaning. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Tablet ipad dynabook galaxy slate nexus surface Computing Tablet A tablet computer, or simply tablet, is a one-piece mobile computer, primarily operated by touchscreen (the user's finger essentially functions as the mouse and cursor, removing the need for the physical (i.e., mouse and keyboard) hardware components necessary for a desktop or laptop computer; and, an onscreen, hideable virtual keyboard is integrated into the display). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tagline tag line Branding Tagline A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. The idea behind the concept is to create a memorable phrase that will sum up the tone and premise of a brand or product, or to reinforce the audience's memory of a product. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Template General Template A template is a pre-developed page layout in electronic or paper media used to make new pages with a similar design, pattern, or style. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gamut Colour prepress fundamental Print Gamut A term referring to the range of available color on a display or printer. A particular color is either in or out of the gamut of the device. If outside, it cannot be accurately shown on that display or printed on that output device. (Each device has its own gamut capabilities.) Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Grain texture filters effects Photoshop Grain A texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Adds texture to an image by simulating different kinds of grain—Regular, Soft, Sprinkles, Clumped, Contrasty, Enlarged, Stippled, Horizontal, Vertical, and Speckle, available from the Grain Type menu. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Texturizer texture filters effects Photoshop Texturizer A texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Applies a texture you select or create to an image. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Patchwork texture filters effects Photoshop Patchwork A texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Breaks up an image into squares filled with the predominant color in that area of the image. The filter randomly reduces or increases the tile depth to replicate the highlights and shadows. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Craquelure texture filters effects Photoshop Craquelure A texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints an image onto a high-relief plaster surface, producing a fine network of cracks that follow the contours of the image. Use this filter to create an embossing effect with images that contain a broad range of color or grayscale values. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Mosaic Tiles texture filters effects Photoshop Mosaic Tiles A texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Renders the image so that it appears to be made up of small chips or tiles and adds grout between the tiles. (In contrast, the Pixelate > Mosaic filter breaks up an image into blocks of different-colored pixels.) Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Stained Glass texture filters effects Photoshop Stained Glass A texture filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Repaints an image as single-colored adjacent cells outlined in the foreground color. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Trademark Branding Trademark A trademark, trade mark, or trade-mark is a recognizable sign, design or expression which identifies products or services of a particular source from those of others. The trademark owner can be an individual, business organization, or any legal entity. A trademark may be located on a package, a label, a voucher or on the product itself. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Tail anatomy Typography Tail A trailing outstroke, as in j k y J K Q R is called a tail. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Tripod Photography Tripod A tripod is a portable three-legged frame, used as a platform for supporting the weight and maintaining the stability of some other object. A tripod provides stability against downward forces and horizontal forces and movements about horizontal axes. The positioning of the three feet away from the vertical centre allows the tripod better leverage for resisting lateral forces. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Type Foundry Typography Type Foundry A type foundry is a company that designs or distributes typefaces. Originally, type foundries manufactured and sold metal and wood typefaces and matrices for line-casting machines like the Linotype and Monotype machines designed to be printed on letterpress printers. Today's digital type foundries accumulate and distribute typefaces (typically as digitized fonts) created by type designers, who may either be freelancers operating their own independent foundry, or employed by another foundry. Type foundries may also provide custom type design services. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Typo Typography Typo A typographical error (often shortened to typo) is a mistake made in the typing process (such as spelling) of printed material. Historically, this referred to mistakes in manual type-setting (typography). The term includes errors due to mechanical failure or slips of the hand or finger, but excludes errors of ignorance, such as spelling errors. Before the arrival of printing, the "copyist's mistake" or "scribal error" was the equivalent for manuscripts. Most typos involve simple duplication, omission, transposition, or substitution of a small number of characters. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
URI acronyms Web URI a uniform resource identifier (URI) is a string of characters used to identify a name or a resource. Such identification enables interaction with representations of the resource over a network (typically the World Wide Web) using specific protocols. Schemes specifying a concrete syntax and associated protocols define each URI. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
URL acronyms Web URL A uniform resource locator (URL) (originally called universal resource locator) is a specific character string that constitutes a reference to an Internet resource. A URL is technically a type of uniform resource identifier (URI), but in many technical documents and verbal discussions, URL is often used as a synonym for URI. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tint Color Theory Tint A variation of color produced by adding white to it and characterized by low saturation with relatively high lightness. Tutorial Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
NTSC Colors colours video filters effects Photoshop NTSC Colors A video filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Restricts the gamut of colors to those acceptable for television reproduction, to prevent oversaturated colors from bleeding across television scan lines. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
De-Interlace video filters effects Photoshop De-Interlace A video filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Smooths moving images captured on video by removing either the odd or even interlaced lines in a video image. You can choose to replace the discarded lines by duplication or interpolation. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Arc Lower warp effects Illustrator Arc Lower A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Arc Upper warp effects Illustrator Arc Upper A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Arc warp effects Illustrator Arc A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Arch warp effects Illustrator Arch A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bulge warp effects Illustrator Bulge A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Fish warp effects Illustrator Fish A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Fisheye warp effects Illustrator Fisheye A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Flag warp effects Illustrator Flag A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Inflate warp effects Illustrator Inflate A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Rise warp effects Illustrator Rise A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Shell Lower warp effects Illustrator Shell Lower A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Shell Upper warp effects Illustrator Shell Upper A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Squeeze warp effects Illustrator Squeeze A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Twist warp effects Illustrator Twist A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Wave warp effects Illustrator Wave A warp effect available in Adobe Illustrator. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Web on-press Print Web A web also refers to any roll of substrate—be it paper, paperboard, or a plastic film—used in web-fed gravure and flexography. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Browser user agent fundamental Web Browser A web browser is a software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web. An information resource is identified by a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) and may be a web page, image, video or other piece of content. Hyperlinks present in resources enable users easily to navigate their browsers to related resources. A web browser can also be defined as an application software or program designed to enable users to access, retrieve and view documents and other resources on the Internet. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cache cash fundamental Web Cache A web cache is a mechanism for the temporary storage (caching) of web documents, such as HTML pages and images, to reduce bandwidth usage, server load, and perceived lag. A web cache stores copies of documents passing through it; subsequent requests may be satisfied from the cache if certain conditions are met. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Wireframe Web Wireframe A website wireframe, also known as a page schematic or screen blueprint, is a visual guide that represents the skeletal framework of a website. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
White Point General White Point A white point (often referred to as reference white or target white in technical documents) is a set of tristimulus values or chromaticity coordinates that serve to define the color "white" in image capture, encoding, or reproduction. Depending on the application, different definitions of white are needed to give acceptable results. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
WAN acronyms LAN Computing WAN A Wide Area Network (WAN) is a network that covers a broad area (i.e., any telecommunications network that links across metropolitan, regional, or national boundaries) using private or public network transports. Business and government entities utilize WANs to relay data among employees, clients, buyers, and suppliers from various geographical locations. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Zettabyte zb Computing Zettabyte A zettabyte (symbol ZB, derived from the SI prefix zetta-) is a quantity of information or information storage capacity equal to 1021 bytes or 1,000 exabytes (or one sextillion (one long scale trilliard) bytes). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Zoom Lens Photography Zoom Lens A zoom lens is a mechanical assembly of lens elements for which the focal length (and thus angle of view) can be varied, as opposed to a fixed focal length (FFL) lens (see prime lens). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Accented Analogic Color Theory Accented Analogic Accented analogic color schemes are combinations of analogous and complementary color schemes. In addition to colors that are adjacent to each other, it uses a complementary accent at its opposite. Tutorial Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hard Mix Blending Mode Hard Mix Adds the red, green and blue channel values of the blend color to the RGB values of the base color. If the resulting sum for a channel is 255 or greater, it receives a value of 255; if less than 255, a value of 0. Therefore, all blended pixels have red, green, and blue channel values of either 0 or 255. This changes all pixels to primary additive colors (red, green, or blue), white, or black. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Control Handle General Control Handle Adjustment handles are the small boxes appearing on the corners and edges of a "selected control" that let you change the size and shape of the control. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
After Effects adobe application creative suite Application After Effects Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software published by Adobe Systems, used in the post-production process of filmmaking and television production. Tutorials Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Creative Suite cs acronyms Adobe Creative Suite Adobe Creative Suite (CS) is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made or acquired by Adobe Systems. The collection consists of Adobe's applications (e.g., Photoshop, Acrobat, InDesign), that are based on various technologies (e.g., PostScript, PDF, Flash). Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Dreamweaver adobe application creative suite Application Dreamweaver Adobe Dreamweaver (formerly Macromedia Dreamweaver) is a proprietary web development application developed by Adobe Systems. Dreamweaver was originally developed by Macromedia, until Macromedia was acquired by Adobe Systems in 2005. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PSD .psd acronyms format File Extension PSD Adobe Photoshop files have default file extension as .PSD, which stands for "Photoshop Document." A PSD file stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Photoshop adobe application creative suite Application Photoshop Adobe Photoshop is a graphics editing program developed and published by Adobe Systems. Adobe's 2003 "Creative Suite" rebranding led to Adobe Photoshop 8's renaming to Adobe Photoshop CS. Tutorials Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
AI .ai acronyms format File Extension AI AI is a proprietary file format developed by Adobe Systems for representing single-page vector-based drawings in either the EPS or PDF formats. The .ai filename extension is used by Adobe Illustrator. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Ajax Programming Ajax Ajax (an acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a group of interrelated web development techniques used on the client-side to create asynchronous web applications. With Ajax, web applications can send data to, and retrieve data from, a server asynchronously (in the background) without interfering with the display and behavior of the existing page. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Anchor Point fundamental General Anchor Point All line segments have anchor points at each end which define their position and curve attributes. The name for the resulting curves are called Bezier curves. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Astigmatism Photography Astigmatism An aberration in photography. Departures from a flat image surface are associated with astigmatism and field curvature, and lead to a spatial mismatch between the image and the sensor. Optical Aberrations Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Curvature of Field Photography Curvature of Field An aberration in photography. Petzval field curvature, named for Joseph Petzval, describes the optical aberration in which a flat object normal to the optical axis (or a non-flat object past the hyperfocal distance) cannot be brought into focus on a flat image plane. Optical Aberrations Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Accessory Shoe Hot Shoe Photography Accessory Shoe An accessory shoe, or more commonly hot shoe, is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash unit or other accessories. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Dewetting on-press Print Dewetting An adverse appearance of ink on material that is usually solved by coating. (See also "Coating") Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Agate typography Unit Agate An agate is a unit of typographical measure. It is 5.5 typographical points, or about 1/14 of an inch. It can refer to either the height of a line of type, or to a font that is 5.5 points. It is considered the smallest point size that can be printed on newsprint and remain legible. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Anchor Programming Anchor An anchor element is called an anchor because web designers can use it to anchor a URL to some text on a web page. When users view the web page in a browser, they can click the text to activate the link and visit the page whose URL is in the link. Uses the tag. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Coated Lens Photography Coated Lens An antireflective or anti-reflection (AR) coating is a type of optical coating applied to the surface of lenses and other optical devices to reduce reflection. This improves the efficiency of the system since less light is lost. In complex systems such as a telescope, the reduction in reflections also improves the contrast of the image by elimination of stray light. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Shoulder anatomy Typography Shoulder An arching stroke is called a shoulder or sometimes just an arch, as in h n m. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Neon Glow artistic filters effects Photoshop Neon Glow An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Adds various types of glows to the objects in an image. This filter is useful for colorizing an image while softening its look. To select a glow color, click the glow box, and select a color from the Color Picker. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Film Grain artistic filters effects Photoshop Film Grain An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Applies an even pattern to the shadow tones and midtones. A smoother, more saturated pattern is added to the lighter areas. This filter is useful for eliminating banding in blends and visually unifying elements from various sources. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rough Pastels artistic filters effects Photoshop Rough Pastels An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Applies strokes of pastel chalk on a textured background. In areas of bright color, the chalk appears thick with little texture; in darker areas, the chalk appears scraped off to reveal the texture. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Plastic Wrap artistic filters effects Photoshop Plastic Wrap An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Coats the image in shiny plastic, accentuating the surface detail. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sponge artistic filters effects Photoshop Sponge An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Creates images with highly textured areas of contrasting color, simulating the effect of sponge painting. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Colored Pencil coloured artistic filters effects Photoshop Colored Pencil An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Draws an image using colored pencils on a solid background. Edges are retained and given a rough crosshatch appearance; the solid background color shows through the smoother areas. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Paint Daubs artistic filters effects Photoshop Paint Daubs An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Lets you choose from various brush sizes (from 1 to 50) and types for a painterly effect. Brush types include Simple, Light Rough, Dark Rough, Wide Sharp, Wide Blurry, and Sparkle. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Cutout artistic filters effects Photoshop Cutout An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Makes an image appear as though it were constructed from roughly cut pieces of colored paper. High-contrast images appear as if in silhouette, and colored images are built up from several layers of colored paper. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Fresco artistic filters effects Photoshop Fresco An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints an image in a coarse style using short, rounded, and hastily applied daubs. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Dry Brush artistic filters effects Photoshop Dry Brush An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints the edges of the image using a dry brush technique (between oil and watercolor). The filter simplifies an image by reducing its range of colors to areas of common color. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Watercolor artistic filters effects Photoshop Watercolor An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints the image in a watercolor style using a medium brush loaded with water and color, simplifying details. Where significant tonal changes occur at the edges, the filter saturates the color. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Underpainting artistic filters effects Photoshop Underpainting An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Paints the image on a textured background, and then paints the final image over it. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Palette Knife artistic filters effects Photoshop Palette Knife An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Reduces detail in an image to give the effect of a thinly painted canvas that reveals the texture underneath. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Poster Edges artistic filters effects Photoshop Poster Edges An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Reduces the number of colors in an image (posterizes it) according to the posterization option you set, and finds the edges of the image and draws black lines on them. Large broad areas have simple shading, and fine dark detail is distributed throughout the image. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smudge Stick artistic filters effects Photoshop Smudge An artistic filter available in Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. Softens an image using short diagonal strokes to smudge or smear the darker areas. Lighter areas become brighter and lose detail. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Autofocus auto focus af Photography Autofocus An autofocus (or AF) optical system uses a sensor, a control system and a motor to focus fully automatic or on a manually selected point or area. An electronic rangefinder has a display instead of the motor; the adjustment of the optical system has to be done manually until indication. The methods are named by the used sensor: Active, passive and hybrid. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Em typography Unit Em An em is a unit of measurement in the field of typography, equal to the currently specified point size. The name of em is related to M. Originally the unit was derived from the width of the capital "M" in the given typeface. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
En typography Unit En An en is a typographic unit, half of the width of an em. By definition, it is equivalent to half of the height of the font (e.g. in 16 point type it is 8 points). As its name suggests, it is also traditionally the width of a lowercase letter "n". Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Continuous Tone prepress on-press Print Continuous Tone An image that has an assortment of tone values ranging from dark to light that does not contain halftone dots. A photograph is a continuous-tone image, for example, while a pen-and-ink drawing (also known as line art) formed of pure blacks and whites, is not. Also called a con-tone. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inch length Unit Inch An inch (plural: inches; abbreviation or symbol: in or ″ – a double prime) is a unit of length in a number of systems of measurement, including the imperial and United States customary systems. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Inkjet ink jet digital on-press Print Inkjet An inkjet printer is a type of computer printer that reproduces a digital image by propelling variably-sized droplets of liquid material (ink) onto a page. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
IDE acronyms Programming IDE An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development. An IDE normally consists of a source code editor, build automation tools and a debugger. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
ISP acronyms Web ISP An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides access to the Internet. Access ISPs directly connect clients to the Internet using copper wires, wireless or fiber-optic connections. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Intranet Web Intranet An intranet is a computer network that uses Internet Protocol technology to share information, operational systems, or computing services within an organization. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ordered List Programming Ordered List An ordered (enumerated) list. The type attribute can be used to specify the kind of ordering, but stylesheets give more control. The default is Arabic numbering. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Custom other filters Photoshop Custom An other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Lets you design your own filter effect. With the Custom filter, you can change the brightness values of each pixel in the image according to a predefined mathematical operation known as convolution. Each pixel is reassigned a value based on the values of surrounding pixels. This operation is similar to the Add and Subtract calculations for channels. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Offset other filters Photoshop Offset An other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Moves a selection a specified horizontal or vertical amount, leaving an empty space at the selection’s original location. You can fill the empty area with the current background color, with another part of the image, or with your choice of fill if the selection is near the edge of an image. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
High Pass other filters Photoshop High Pass An other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Retains edge details in the specified radius where sharp color transitions occur and suppresses the rest of the image. (A radius of 0.1 pixel keeps only edge pixels.) The filter removes low-frequency detail from an image and has an effect opposite to that of the Gaussian Blur filter.\nIt is helpful to apply the High Pass filter to a continuous-tone image before using the Threshold command or converting the image to Bitmap mode. The filter is useful for extracting line art and large black-and-white areas from scanned images. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Maximum other filters Photoshop Maximum An other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Useful for modifying masks. The Maximum filter has the effect of applying a choke—spreading out white areas and choking in black areas. Like the Median filter, the Maximum filter looks at individual pixels in a selection. Within a specified radius, the Maximum filter replaces the current pixel’s brightness value with the highest or lowest brightness value of the surrounding pixels. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Minimum other filters Photoshop Minimum An other filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Useful for modifying masks. The Minimum filter has the effect of applying a spread—spreading out black areas and shrinking white areas. Like the Median filter, the Minimum filter looks at individual pixels in a selection. Within a specified radius, the Minimum filter replaces the current pixel’s brightness value with the highest or lowest brightness value of the surrounding pixels. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fibers render filters fibres Photoshop Fibers An render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Creates the look of woven fibers using the foreground and background colors. You use the Variance slider to control how the colors vary (a low value produces long streaks of color, and a high value results in very short fibers with more varied distribution of color). The Strength slider controls how each fiber looks. A low setting produces a loose weave, and a high setting produces short, stringy fibers. Click the Randomize button to change how the pattern looks; you can click the button a number of times until you find a pattern you like. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Clouds render filters Photoshop Clouds An render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Generates a soft cloud pattern using random values that vary between the foreground and the background colors. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lighting Effects render filters Photoshop Lighting Effects An render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Lets you produce myriad lighting effects on RGB images by varying 17 light styles, three light types, and four sets of light properties. You can also use textures from grayscale files (called bump maps) to produce 3D-like effects and save your own styles for use in other images. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Lens Flare render filters Photoshop Lens Flare An render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Simulates the refraction caused by shining a bright light into a camera lens. Specify a location for the center of the flare by clicking anywhere inside the image thumbnail or by dragging its cross hair. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Difference Clouds render filters Photoshop Difference Clouds An render filter available in Adobe Photoshop. Uses randomly generated values that vary between the foreground and background color to produce a cloud pattern. The filter blends the cloud data with the existing pixels in the same way the Difference mode blends colors. The first time you choose this filter, portions of the image are inverted in a cloud pattern. Applying the filter several times creates rib and vein patterns that resemble a marble texture. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Unordered List Programming Unordered List An unordered (bulleted) list. Stylesheets can be used to specify the list marker. The default marker is a disc. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Analogous Colors Colours Color Theory Analogous Colors Analogous colors are groups of colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel, with one being the dominant color, which tends to be a primary or secondary color, and two on either side complimenting, which tend to be tertiary. Kuler by Adobe Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Android google operating system mobile tablet Computing Android Android is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later purchased in 2005. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Anti-Aliasing sharp crisp strong smooth Typography Anti-Aliasing Anti-aliasing refers to a technique to combat the problems of aliasing in a sampled signal such as a digital image. Commonly used in raster typography. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Antiqua (Old Style) roman Typography Antiqua (Old Style) Antiqua is a style of text used to mimic the hand. Antiqua, Blackletter, Fraktur and Textura are all examples of Handwriting text or Old Style text. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Overship on-press Print Overship Any finished labels packaged and sent to the customer beyond the order amount. Denoted at bottom of the Job Ticket. Overship is billable. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Overrun on-press Print Overrun Any printed labels beyond the customer order. Includes Aztech setup, Jetrion setup, Overship, etc. Overrun is not billable (unless used for Overship). (See "Overship") Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Aperture Priority Photography Aperture Priority Aperture priority, often abbreviated A or Av (for Aperture value) on a camera mode dial, is a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific aperture value while the camera selects a shutter speed to match. Exposure Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Open-Counter anatomy Typography Open-Counter Areas of negative space (white space) formed by straight or rounded strokes are called counters. Open counters in a c e f h m n r s t u. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Balance Concept Balance Arranging parts to achieve a state of equilibrium between forces of influences. Examples: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Radial. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Artboard Illustrator Artboard Artboards represent the regions that can contain printable artwork. You resize and set the orientation for your artwork by choosing settings in the Artboard Options dialog box. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Artificial Light Photography Artificial Light Artificial lighting is the use of lamps and light fixtures to achieve a practical or aesthetic effect (rather than relying on natural sunlight). Lighting Tutorials Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Save For Web adobe photoshop illustrator General Save For Web As of version 5 and greater, Photoshop includes a very handy "Save for Web" command. This feature allows you to produce a copy of your image that is optimised for Web use. This means that the image file will be as small as possible, and that the image will use only Web-safe colours (if desired). Save for Web can produce GIF, JPEG, or PNG format images. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Auto Exposure Bracketing autobracketing Photography Auto Exposure Bracketing Autobracketing is a feature of some more advanced cameras, whether film or digital cameras, particularly single-lens reflex cameras, where the camera will take several successive shots (often three) with slightly different settings. Two modes are used: The images are automatically combined, for example Automatic Exposure Bracketing into one High dynamic range image, or the best-looking separately stored pictures can be picked later from the batch. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Backlighting Photography Backlighting Backlighting refers to the process of illuminating the subject from the back. In other words, the lighting instrument and the viewer are facing towards each other, with the subject in between. This causes the edges of the subject to glow, while the other areas remain darker. The backlight can be a natural or artificial source of light. When artificial, the back light is usually placed directly behind the subject in a 4-point lighting setup. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Rich Black Colour prepress on-press fundamental Print Rich Black Black made up of all process colors. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Blackletter Type Typography Blackletter Type Blackletter, also known as Gothic script, Gothic minuscule, or Textura, was a script used throughout Western Europe from approximately 1150 to well into the 17th century. It continued to be used for the German language until the 20th century. Fraktur is a notable script of this type, and sometimes the entire group of faces is known as Fraktur. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bleed prepress on-press fundamental General Bleed Bleed is a printing term that refers to printing that goes beyond the edge of the sheet after trimming. The bleed is the part on the side of a document that gives the printer a small amount of space to account for movement of the paper, and design inconsistencies. Bleed ensures that no unprinted edges occur in the final trimmed document. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Directional Forces Concept Directional Forces Both implied and actual, they help guide the eye and mind movement of the viewer. They can also bind the work into a single entity. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bounce Rate analytics Web Bounce Rate Bounce rate (sometimes confused with exit rate) is an Internet marketing term used in web traffic analysis. It represents the percentage of visitors who enter the site and "bounce" (leave the site) rather than continue viewing other pages within the same site. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Burn Photogrraphy Burn Burning is a term used in photography for a technique used during the printing process to manipulate the exposure of a selected area(s) on a photographic print, deviating from the rest of the image's exposure. This technique is used in programs like Photoshop to simulate darkening images. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Linear Light Blending Mode Linear Light Burns or dodges the colors by decreasing or increasing the brightness, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened by increasing the brightness. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened by decreasing the brightness. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Vivid Light Blending Mode Vivid Light Burns or dodges the colors by increasing or decreasing the contrast, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened by decreasing the contrast. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened by increasing the contrast. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
C++ plus Programming C++ C++ is a statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, general-purpose programming language. It is regarded as an intermediate-level language, as it comprises a combination of both high-level and low-level language features. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Calligraphy calligraphic Typography Calligraphy Calligraphy is a type of visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument or brush in one stroke (as opposed to built up lettering, in which the letters are drawn.) Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CamelCase camel case Typography CamelCase CamelCase (or camel case), also known as medial capitals or Pascal case, is a term which refers to the practice of writing compound words having one or more internal uppercase letters. Such words may be formed, for instance, from phrases in which the elements are joined without spaces with each element having a capital letter within the compound. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Camera Shake Photography Camera Shake Camera Shake is a fault in a photograph caused by the camera not being held still enough while the exposure was made. The result is a blurred, or sometimes a double image. Camera shake is more probable in low light or using slow film, where slow shutter speeds are necessary, and when using long (telephoto) lenses which exagerate movement. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
CSS acronyms fundamental Programming CSS Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document, including plain XML, SVG and XUL. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CTR acronyms analytics Web CTR Click-through rate (CTR) is a way of measuring the success of an online advertising campaign for a particular website as well as the effectiveness of an email campaign by the number of users that clicked on a specific link. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Clipart clip art General Clipart Clip art, in the graphic arts, refers to pre-made images used to illustrate any medium. See also: Stock Photography Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Cloud icloud Computing Cloud Cloud computing is the use of computing resources (hardware and software) that are delivered as a service over a network (typically the Internet). The name comes from the use of a cloud-shaped symbol as an abstraction for the complex infrastructure it contains in system diagrams. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Channel Photoshop Channel Color digital images are made of pixels, and pixels are made of combinations of primary colors. A channel in this context is the grayscale image of the same size as a color image, made of just one of these primary colors. For instance, an image from a standard digital camera will have a red, green and blue channel. A grayscale image has just one channel. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Kelvin color colour temperature Unit Kelvin Color temperature is a characteristic of visible light that has important applications in lighting, photography, videography, publishing, manufacturing, astrophysics, horticulture, and other fields. The color temperature of a light source is the temperature of an ideal black body radiator that radiates light of comparable hue to that of the light source. 5000 K refer to normal daylight. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Lighter Color Colour Blending Mode Lighter Color Compares the total of all channel values for the blend and base color and displays the higher value color. Lighter Color does not produce a third color, which can result from the Lighten blend, because it chooses the highest channel values from both the base and blend color to create the result color. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Darker Color Colour Blending Mode Darker Color Compares the total of all channel values for the blend and base color and displays the lower value color. Darker Color does not produce a third color, which can result from the Darken blend, because it chooses the lowest channel values from both the base and the blend color to create the result color. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Complementary Colors Colours Color Theory Complementary Colors Complementary colors are pairs of colors that are of “opposite” hue in some color model. The exact hue “complementary” to a given hue depends on the model in question, and perceptually uniform, additive, and subtractive color models, for example, have differing complements for any given color. Kuler by Adobe Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Composite General Composite Compositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene. Live-action shooting for compositing is variously called "chroma key", "blue screen", "green screen" and other names. Today, most, though not all, compositing is achieved through digital image manipulation. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Conditional Comment Programming Conditional Comment Conditional comments are conditional statements interpreted by Microsoft Internet Explorer in HTML source code. Conditional comments can be used to provide and hide code to and from Internet Explorer. Support has been discontinued as of IE10. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cones color colour vision Vision Cones Cone cells, or cones, are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that are responsible for color vision; they function best in relatively bright light, as opposed to rod cells that work better in dim light. Cone cells are densely packed in the fovea, but quickly reduce in number towards the periphery of the retina. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Consumer Behaviour Concept Consumer Behaviour Consumer behaviour is the study of individuals, groups, or organizations and the processes they use to select, secure, and dispose of products, services, experiences, or ideas to satisfy needs and the impacts that these processes have on the consumer and society. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Body Copy fundamental General Body Copy Copy refers to written material, in contrast to photographs or other elements of layout, in a large number of contexts, including magazines, advertising, and book publishing. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Copyright General Copyright Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time. Generally, it is "the right to copy", but also gives the copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms, who may perform the work, who may financially benefit from it, and other related rights. It is a form of intellectual property (like the patent, the trademark, and the trade secret) applicable to any expressible form of an idea or information that is substantive and discrete. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
CorelDraw corel draw Application CorelDRAW CorelDraw (styled CorelDRAW) is a vector graphics editor developed and marketed by Corel Corporation of Ottawa, Canada. It is also the name of Corel's Graphics Suite, which bundles CorelDraw with a bitmap image editor, Corel PhotoPaint, and other graphics-related programs. Tutorials Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CPM acronyms Web CPM Cost per impression, often abbreviated to CPI, is a term used in online advertising and marketing related to web traffic. It refers to the cost of internet marketing or email advertising campaigns where advertisers pay for every time an ad is displayed. CPM, where M stands for thousand, is a cost per 1,000 impressions. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Luminosity Blending Mode Luminosity Creates a result color with the hue and saturation of the base color and the luminance of the blend color. This mode creates the inverse effect of Color mode. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Saturation Blending Mode Saturation Creates a result color with the luminance and hue of the base color and the saturation of the blend color. Painting with this mode in an area with no (0) saturation (gray) causes no change. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hue Blending Mode Hue Creates a result color with the luminance and saturation of the base color and the hue of the blend color. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Colour Blending Mode Color Creates a result color with the luminance of the base color and the hue and saturation of the blend color. This preserves the gray levels in the image and is useful for coloring monochrome images and for tinting color images. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Exclusion Blending Mode Exclusion Creates an effect similar to but lower in contrast than the Difference mode. Blending with white inverts the base color values. Blending with black produces no change. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Crop fundamental General Crop Cropping refers to the removal of the outer parts of an image to improve framing, accentuate subject matter or change aspect ratio. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rem typography Unit Rem CSS3 introduces a few new units, including the rem unit, which stands for "root em". The em unit is relative to the font-size of the parent, which causes the compounding issue. The rem unit is relative to the root—or the html—element. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Process Colors Colours prepress on-press Print Process Colors Cyan, magenta, yellow, and black (key). Subtractive colors used to make photographic imagery. Combination of all colors creates black. (See "CMYK") Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Soft Light Blending Mode Soft Light Darkens or lightens the colors, depending on the blend color. The effect is similar to shining a diffused spotlight on the image. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened as if it were dodged. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened as if it were burned in. Painting with pure black or white produces a distinctly darker or lighter area, but does not result in pure black or white. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Desaturate Photoshop Desaturate Desaturation is the reduction of colorfulness in image processing. It also refers to the conversion of a saturated compound into an unsaturated compound by a removal of two hydrogen molecules and the creation of a double bond. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Butt Cut on-press Print Butt Cut Describes a style of label where the corners of the labels are square (not rounded or die-cut). There is only one cut and no waste or strip left, between labels. Cuts only in the transverse direction. Art should not bleed in around direction. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Didone (Modern) roman bodoni didot vertrina walbaum Typography Didone (Modern) Didone is a typeface category recognized by the Association Typographique Internationale (AtypI), and part of the VOX-ATypI classification system. It is characterized by straight (hairline) serifs without brackets, vertical orientation of weight axes. (The vertical parts of letters are thick.), strong contrast between thick and thin lines. (Horizontal parts of letters are thin in comparison to the vertical parts.), and an unornamented, "modern" appearance. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Digital Printing on-press Print Digital Printing Digital printing refers to methods of printing from a digital based image directly to a variety of media. It usually refers to professional printing where small run jobs from desktop publishing and other digital sources are printed using large format and/or high volume laser or inkjet printers. Digital printing has a higher cost per page than more traditional offset printing methods but this price is usually offset by the cost saving in avoiding all the technical steps in between needed to make printing plates. It also allows for on demand printing, short turn around, and even a modification of the image (variable data) with each impression. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DSLR acronyms Photography DSLR Digital single-lens reflex cameras (also named digital SLR or DSLR) are digital cameras combining the parts of a single-lens reflex camera (SLR) and a digital camera back, replacing the photographic film. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DSL acronyms Web DSL Digital subscriber line (DSL, originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that provide Internet access by transmitting digital data over the wires of a local telephone network. In telecommunications marketing, the term DSL is widely understood to mean asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL), the most commonly installed DSL technology. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
DVI acronyms Computing DVI Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG). The digital interface is used to connect a video source to a display device, such as a computer monitor. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Display Font Typography Display Font Display type refers to the use of type at large sizes, perhaps 30 points or larger. Some typefaces are considered useful solely at display sizes, and hence are known as display faces. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fixed-Focus Photography Fixed-Focus disposable cameras Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dither on-press Print Dither Dither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing a visible stitch. (See also "Stitch") Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dither General Dither Dither is an intentionally applied form of noise used to randomize quantization error, preventing large-scale patterns such as color banding in images. Dither is routinely used in processing of both digital audio and digital video data. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Dodge Photogrraphy Dodge Dodging is a term used in photography for a technique used during the printing process to manipulate the exposure of a selected area(s) on a photographic print, deviating from the rest of the image's exposure. This technique is used in programs like Photoshop to simulate lightening images. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Gain General Gain Dot gain (also known as Tonal Value Increase) is a phenomenon in offset lithography and some other forms of printing which causes printed material to look darker than intended. It is caused by halftone dots growing in area between the original printing film and the final printed result. In practice, this means that an image that has not been adjusted to account for dot gain will appear too dark when it is printed. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Dots Per Inch ppi points fundamental General Dots Per Inch Dots per inch (DPI) is a measure of spatial printing or video dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm). The DPI value tends to correlate with image resolution, but is related only indirectly. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CDR .cdr format File Extension CDR Drawing (or vector image) created with CorelDRAW; proprietary format used by Corel software and is not recognized by most image editing programs; if opened in CorelDRAW, the file can be exported in other more compatible formats. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Drupal CMS Web Drupal Drupal is a free and open-source content management framework (CMF) written in PHP and distributed under the GNU General Public License. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Duotone General Duotone Duotone is a halftone reproduction of an image using the superimposition of one contrasting colour halftone (traditionally black) over another color halftone. This is most often used to bring out middle tones and highlights of an image. The most common colors used are blue, yellow, browns and reds. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dissolve Blending Mode Dissolve Edits or paints each pixel to make it the result color. However, the result color is a random replacement of the pixels with the base color or the blend color, depending on the opacity at any pixel location. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Normal Blending Mode Normal Edits or paints each pixel to make it the result color. This is the default mode. (Normal mode is called Threshold when you’re working with a bitmapped or indexed-color image.) Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ellipsis ... Typography Ellipsis Ellipsis (plural ellipses; from the Ancient Greek: ἔλλειψις, élleipsis, "omission" or "falling short") is a series of dots that usually indicate an intentional omission of a word, sentence or whole section from the original text being quoted. The triple-dot punctuation mark is also called a suspension point, points of ellipsis, periods of ellipsis, or colloquially, dot-dot-dot. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
EPS .eps acronyms format File Extension EPS Encapsulated PostScript, or EPS, is a DSC-conforming PostScript document with additional restrictions which is intended to be usable as a graphics file format. In other words, EPS files are more or less self-contained, reasonably predictable PostScript documents that describe an image or drawing and can be placed within another PostScript document. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Emphasis and Subordination Concept Ephasis & Subordination Establishing centers of interest which focus the viewer’s attention. If all the elements are given relatively equal weight, there will be no emphasis. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ethernet Web Ethernet Ethernet is a family of computer networking technologies for local area networks (LANs). Ethernet was commercially introduced in 1980 and standardized in 1985 as IEEE 802.3. Ethernet has largely replaced competing wired LAN technologies. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Exposure Compensation Photography Exposure Compensation Exposure compensation is a technique for adjusting the exposure indicated by a photographic exposure meter, in consideration of factors that may cause the indicated exposure to result in a less-than-optimal image. Factors considered may include unusual lighting distribution, variations within a camera system, filters, non-standard processing, or intended underexposure or overexposure. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Overexposure Photography Overexposure Exposure of film to light during the development process for a longer time than is required to accurately produce the image. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Expression Engine CMS Web Expression Engine ExpressionEngine is a content management system developed by EllisLab. ExpressionEngine is intended to be simpler to use than other content management systems; for instance, it requires no knowledge of PHP, and has extensive online documentation. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
XML acronym Programming XML Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. It is defined in the XML 1.0 Specification produced by the W3C, and several other related specifications, all gratis open standards. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Feather Photoshop Feather Feathering is a technique used in computer graphics software to smooth or blur the edges of a feature. The term is inherited from a technique of fine retouching using fine feathers. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
FTP acronyms Programming FTP File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host or to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
ISO Speed exposure index Photography ISO Speed Film speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system. A closely related ISO system is used to measure the sensitivity of digital imaging systems. Exposure Tutorial Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fitts's Law fitts rule of target size Concept Fitts's Law Fitts' law (often cited as Fitts's law) is a model of human movement primarily used in human–computer interaction and ergonomics that predicts that the time required to rapidly move to a target area is a function of the distance to the target and the size of the target. Fitts's law is used to model the act of pointing, either by physically touching an object with a hand or finger, or virtually, by pointing to an object on a computer monitor using a pointing device. It was proposed by Paul Fitts in 1954. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Flash Memory Computing Flash Memory Flash memory is an electronic (i.e. no moving parts) non-volatile computer storage device that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
FLV .flv format File Extension FLV Flash Video is a container file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player versions 6–11. Flash Video content may also be embedded within SWF files. There are two different video file formats known as Flash Video: FLV and F4V. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Flexography Print Flexography Flexography (often abbreviated to flexo) is a form of printing process which utilizes a flexible relief plate. It is essentially a modern version of letterpress which can be used for printing on almost any type of substrate, including plastic, metallic films, cellophane, and paper. It is widely used for printing on the non-porous substrates required for various types of food packaging (it is also well suited for printing large areas of solid color). Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
FPO for position only placement acronyms General FPO FPO equates to "for position only" or "for placement only". Blank placeholders or temporary low-resolution illustrations are watermarked or stamped with the acronym FPO to indicate where the final version of an image is to be placed in the final file, film, or plate. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
FPS acronyms Photography FPS Frame rate (also known as frame frequency) is the frequency (rate) at which an imaging device produces unique consecutive images called frames. The term applies equally well to film and video cameras, computer graphics, and motion capture systems. Frame rate is most often expressed in frames per second (FPS) and is also expressed in progressive scan monitors as hertz (Hz). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gamma General Gamma Gamma correction, gamma nonlinearity, gamma encoding, or often simply gamma, is the name of a nonlinear operation used to code and decode luminance or tristimulus values in video or still image systems. Gamma encoding of images is required to compensate for properties of human vision, to maximize the use of the bits or bandwidth relative to how humans perceive light and color. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gecko firefox mozilla layout engine Web Gecko Gecko is a free and open source layout engine used in many applications developed by Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation (notably the Firefox web browser), as well as in many other open source software projects. Download Firefox Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Front-Curtain Sync Photography Front-Curtain Sync Generally, the flash sync fires at the instant the front curtain has fully opened. This is called front curtain sync, and it is used where it is desired that the flash freeze motion at the beginning of the exposure. Front curtain sync is adequate for most flash-photography. Slow Sync Gallery Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Geolocation Programming Geolocation Geolocation is the identification of the real-world geographic location of an object, such as a radar, mobile phone or an Internet-connected computer terminal. Geolocation may refer to the practice of assessing the location, or to the actual assessed location. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Gestalt Design Laws Concept Gestalt Gestalt psychology is a theory of mind and brain. Its principle is that the human eye sees objects in their entirety before perceiving their individual parts. "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Ghosting on-press Print Ghosting Ghosting in sheetfed offset printing refers to the phenomenon in which glossy darker areas are visible on the back of otherwise evenly colored surfaces with high ink concentration. The image on the front side reappears in the ghosting area. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
GIF .gif animated acronyms format File Extension GIF GIF ("Graphics Interchange Format") is a bitmap image format that was introduced by CompuServe in 1987 and has since come into widespread usage on the World Wide Web due to its wide support and portability. The format supports up to 8 bits per pixel thus allowing a single image to reference a palette of up to 256 distinct colors. The colors are chosen from the 24-bit RGB color space. It also supports animations and allows a separate palette of 256 colors for each frame. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gimp program acronyms Application Gimp GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is an image retouching and editing tool and is released under the GPLv3 license as free and open-source software. Tutorials / Download Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chrome webkit google user agent Web Chrome Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google that uses the WebKit layout engine. It was released as a beta version for Microsoft Windows on September 2, 2008, and as a stable public release on December 11, 2008. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hanging Punctuation Typography Hanging Punctuation Hanging punctuation or exdentation is a way of typesetting punctuation marks and bullet points, most commonly quotation marks and hyphens, so that they do not disrupt the ‘flow’ of a body of text or ‘break’ the margin of alignment. It is so called because the punctuation appears to ‘hang’ in the margin of the text, and is not incorporated into the block or column of text. It is commonly used when text is fully justified. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Hard-Coding Programming Hard-Coding Hard coding (also, hard-coding or hardcoding) refers to the software development practice of embedding what may, perhaps only in retrospect, be regarded as input or configuration data directly into the source code of a program or other executable object, or fixed formatting of the data, instead of obtaining that data from external sources or generating data or formatting in the program itself with the given input. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
HDMI acronyms Computing HDMI HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a compact audio/video interface for transferring uncompressed video data and compressed/uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant device ("the source device") to a compatible digital audio device, computer monitor, video projector, or digital television. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Hick's Law hicks paradox of choice Concept Hick's Law Hick's Law, named after British psychologist William Edmund Hick, or the Hick–Hyman Law (for Ray Hyman), describes the time it takes for a person to make a decision as a result of the possible choices he or she has. The Hick-Hyman Law assesses cognitive information capacity in choice reaction experiments. The amount of time taken to process a certain amount of bits in the Hick-Hyman Law is known as the rate of gain of information. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
HDR acronyms Photogrraphy HDR High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDRI or HDR) is a set of methods used in imaging and photography to allow a greater dynamic range between the lightest and darkest areas of an image than current standard digital imaging methods or photographic methods. Tutorial Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
HSB Colour acronyms Color Mode HSB HSL and HSV are the two most common cylindrical-coordinate representations of points in an RGB color model. The two representations rearrange the geometry of RGB in an attempt to be more intuitive and perceptually relevant than the cartesian (cube) representation. HSV stands for hue, saturation, and value, and is also often called HSB (B for brightness). Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Referral analytics traffic source Web Referral HTTP referer (originally a misspelling of referrer) is an HTTP header field that identifies the address of the webpage (i.e. the URI or IRI) that linked to the resource being requested. By checking the referer, the new webpage can see where the request originated. In the most common situation this means that when a user clicks a hyperlink in a web browser, the browser sends a request to the server holding the destination webpage. The request includes the referer field, which says the last page the user was on (the one where they clicked the link). Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
HTML acronyms fundamental Programming HTML HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the main markup language for displaying web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Faux Bold Typography Faux Bold If text is styled as bold and the typeface family does not include a bold font, browsers will compensate by trying to create a bold style themselves. The results are an awkward mimicry of real type design. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Faux Italic Typography Faux Italic If text is styled as italic and the typeface family does not include an italic font, browsers will compensate by trying to create an italic styles themselves. The results are an awkward mimicry of real type design. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Vector fundamental General Vector Imagery created using Boolean curves as opposed to pixels. Can be scaled infinitely without loss of quality. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Initial drop cap initiums historiated illuminated manuscripts Typography Initial In a written or published work, an initial is a letter at the beginning of a work, a chapter, or a paragraph that is larger than the rest of the text. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Deboss on-press Print Deboss In binding and finishing, the reverse of embossing, or the use of heated dies to stamp or press a depressed (intaglio) image into a substrate. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Registration Alignment on-press Print Registration (Alignment) In color printing, registration is the method of correlating overlapping colors on one single image. There are many different styles and types of registration, many of which employ the alignment of specific marks. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Root folder fundamental Programming Root In computer file systems, the root directory is the first or top-most directory in a hierarchy. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gradation fundamental gradient General Gradation In computer graphics, a color gradient (sometimes called a color ramp or color progression) specifies a range of position-dependent colors, usually used to fill a region. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Raster fundamental General Raster In computer graphics, a raster graphics image, or bitmap, is a dot matrix data structure representing a generally rectangular grid of pixels, or points of color, viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium. Raster images are stored in image files with varying formats. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Sprite Web Sprite In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional image or animation that is integrated into a larger scene. Initially including just graphical objects handled separately from the memory bitmap of a video display, this now includes various manners of graphical overlays. Also known as a Player-Missle Graphic, Movable Object Block (MOB), OBJ (object), Blitter Objects (BOB or BLOB), Z-Sprite, or Imposter. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Alpha rgba General Alpha In computer graphics, alpha compositing is the process of combining an image with a background to create the appearance of partial or full transparency. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Resample General Resample In computer graphics, image scaling is the process of resizing a digital image. Scaling is a non-trivial process that involves a trade-off between efficiency, smoothness and sharpness. With bitmap graphics, as the size of an image is reduced or enlarged, the pixels which comprise the image become increasingly visible, making the image appear "soft" if pixels are averaged, or jagged if not. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Swatch General Swatch In computer graphics, the term has come to mean a palette of active colors Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Auto Trace vector General Auto Trace In computer graphics, vectorization refers to the process of converting raster graphics into vector graphics. Online Auto Tracer Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Mask fundamental General Mask In computer graphics, when a given image is intended to be placed over a background, the transparent areas can be specified through a binary mask. This way, for each intended image there are actually two bitmaps: the actual image, in which the unused areas are given a pixel value with all bits set to 0's, and an additional mask, in which the correspondent image areas are given a pixel value of all bits set to 0s and the surrounding areas a value of all bits set to 1s. Masking gets its name from photography/painting where masking tape would be used to prevent exposure to unwanted areas. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bandwidth Web Bandwidth In computer networking and computer science, the words bandwidth, network bandwidth, data bandwidth, or digital bandwidth are terms used to refer to various bit-rate measures, representing the available or consumed data communication resources expressed in bits per second or multiples of it (bit/s, kbit/s, Mbit/s, Gbit/s, etc.). Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Proxy Web Proxy In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers. A client connects to the proxy server, requesting some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource available from a different server and the proxy server evaluates the request as a way to simplify and control its complexity. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Download Web Download In computer networks, to download means to receive data to a local system from a remote system, or to initiate such a data transfer. Examples of a remote system from which a download might be performed include a web server, FTP server, email server, or other similar systems. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
WYSIWYG acronyms fundamental General WYSIWYG In computing, a WYSIWYG editor is a system in which content (text and graphics) displayed onscreen during editing appears in a form closely corresponding to its appearance when printed or displayed as a finished product, which might be a printed document, web page, or slide presentation. WYSIWYG is an acronym for "what you see is what you get". Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
C Programming C In computing, C is a general-purpose programming language initially developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs. Its design provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, most notably system software like the Unix computer operating system. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
GUI acronyms Computing GUI In computing, Graphical user interface (GUI) is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices using images rather than text commands. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Indexed Color Colour Color Mode Indexed Color In computing, indexed color is a technique to manage digital images' colors in a limited fashion, in order to save computer memory and file storage, while speeding up display refresh and file transfers. It is a form of vector quantization compression. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
POP acronyms Web POP In computing, the Post Office Protocol (POP) is an application-layer Internet standard protocol used by local e-mail clients to retrieve e-mail from a remote server over a TCP/IP connection. POP and IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) are the two most prevalent Internet standard protocols for e-mail retrieval. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Back End Programming Back End In content management systems the terms back end refers to the administrative view or hard-coded pages. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Front End Programming Front End In content management systems the terms front end refers to the end-user facing views of the CMS. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pixel fundamental Computing Pixel In digital imaging, a pixel, or pel, (picture element) is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in a display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Cropped Frame Camera Photography Cropped Frame Camera In digital photography, a crop factor is related to the ratio of the dimensions of a camera's imaging area compared to a reference format; most often, this term is applied to digital cameras, relative to 35 mm film format as a reference. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Post-Processing Photography Post-Processing In digital video, photography, television and film, post-production refers to the tasks that must be completed or executed after the filming or shooting ends. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Concatenate concatinate Programming Concatenate In formal language theory and computer programming, string concatenation is the operation of joining two character strings end-to-end. For example, the concatenation of "snow" and "ball" is "snowball". In many programming languages, string concatenation is a binary infix operator. The "+" operator is often overloaded to denote concatenation for string arguments: "Hello, " + "World"; has the value "Hello, World". Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Distortion Photography Distortion In geometric optics and cathode ray tube (CRT) displays, distortion is a deviation from rectilinear projection, a projection in which straight lines in a scene remain straight in an image. It is a form of optical aberration. Optical Aberrations Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Focus Photography Focus In geometrical optics, a focus, also called an image point, is the point where light rays originating from a point on the object converge. Although the focus is conceptually a point, physically the focus has a spatial extent, called the blur circle. This non-ideal focusing may be caused by aberrations of the imaging optics. In the absence of significant aberrations, the smallest possible blur circle is the Airy disc, which is caused by diffraction from the optical system's aperture. Aberrations tend to get worse as the aperture diameter increases, while the Airy circle is smallest for large apertures. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Comprehensive General Comprehensive In graphic design and advertising, a comprehensive layout or comprehensive, usually shortened to comp, is the page layout of a proposed design as initially presented by the designer to a client, showing the relative positions of text and illustrations before the final content of those elements has been decided upon. The comp thus serves as a draft of the final layout, and (if approved) is used as guide for further design changes and, ultimately, production. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Hard Copy Print Hard Copy In information handling, a hard copy is a permanent reproduction, or copy, in the form of a physical object, of any media suitable for direct use by a person (in particular paper), of displayed or transmitted data. Examples of hard copy include teleprinter pages, continuous printed tapes, computer printouts, and radio photo prints. Magnetic tapes, diskettes, and non-printed punched paper tapes are not hard copies. Information sent via fax or email is not a hard copy. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Lossy fundamental General Lossy In information technology, "lossy" compression is a data encoding method that compresses data by discarding (losing) some of it. The procedure aims to minimize the amount of data that needs to be held, handled, and/or transmitted by a computer. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Conversions analytics Web Conversions In internet marketing, the conversion rate is the proportion of visitors to a website who take action to go beyond a casual content view or website visit, as a result of subtle or direct requests from marketers, advertisers, and content creators. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Roman Typography Roman In Latin-script typography, roman is one of the three main kinds of historical type, alongside blackletter and italic. Roman type was modelled from a European scribal manuscript style of the 1400s, based on the pairing of inscriptional capitals used in ancient Rome with Carolingian minuscules developed in the Holy Roman Empire. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Mockup General Mockup In manufacturing and design, a mockup, or mock-up, is a scale or full-size model of a design or device, used for teaching, demonstration, design evaluation, promotion, and other purposes. A mockup is a prototype if it provides at least part of the functionality of a system and enables testing of a design. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Golden Ratio phi section mean extreme medial divine proportion cut number phidias divine proportion Concept Golden Ratio In mathematics and the arts, two quantities are in the golden ratio if the ratio of the sum of the quantities to the larger quantity is equal to the ratio of the larger quantity to the smaller one. The figure on the right illustrates the geometric relationship. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Fibonacci number sequence fibbonacci fibbonnaci fibbonaci fibonnacci fibonaci series Concept Fibonacci Sequence In mathematics, the Fibonacci sequence are the numbers in the following integer sequence: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55, 89, 144, ... The Fibonacci sequence is named after Leonardo of Pisa, who was known as Fibonacci. Fibonacci's 1202 book Liber Abaci introduced the sequence to Western European mathematics, although the sequence had been described earlier in Indian mathematics. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Proportional fundamental General Proportional In mathematics, two variables are proportional if a change in one is always accompanied by a change in the other, and if the changes are always related by use of a constant. The constant is called the coefficient of proportionality or proportionality constant. Alternatively, we can say that one of the variables is proportional to the other. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Server Computing Server In most common use, a server is a physical computer (a computer hardware system) dedicated to run one or more services (as a host), to serve the needs of the users of other computers on a network. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Boolean General Boolean In most computer programming languages, a Boolean is a data type with only two possible values: true or false. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Screen Angles prepress on-press Print Screen Angles In offset printing, the screen angle is the angle at which the halftones of a separated color is outputted to a lithographic film, hence, printed on final product media. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Landing Page Web Landing Page In online marketing a landing page, sometimes known as a "lead capture page" or a "lander", is a single web page that appears in response to clicking on a search engine optimized search result or an online advertisement. The landing page will usually display directed sales copy that is a logical extension of the advertisement, search result or link. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Coma Photography Coma In optics (especially telescopes), the coma (aka comatic aberration) in an optical system refers to aberration inherent to certain optical designs or due to imperfection in the lens or other components which results in off-axis point sources such as stars appearing distorted, appearing to have a tail (coma) like a comet. Optical Aberrations Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Diaphragm Photography Diaphragm In optics, a diaphragm is a thin opaque structure with an opening (aperture) at its center. The role of the diaphragm is to stop the passage of light, except for the light passing through the aperture. Thus it is also called a stop (an aperture stop, if it limits the brightness of light reaching the focal plane, or a field stop or flare stop for other uses of diaphragms in lenses). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Aperture fundamental Photography Aperture In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels. More specifically, the aperture of an optical system is the opening that determines the cone angle of a bundle of rays that come to a focus in the image plane. Exposure Tutorial Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Chromatic Aberration Photography Chromatic Aberration In optics, chromatic aberration (CA, also called achromatism or chromatic distortion) is a type of distortion in which there is a failure of a lens to focus all colors to the same convergence point. It occurs because lenses have a different refractive index for different wavelengths of light (the dispersion of the lens). The refractive index decreases with increasing wavelength. Optical Aberrations Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Depth of Field Photography Depth of Field In optics, particularly as it relates to film and photography, depth of field (DOF) is the distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image. Although a lens can precisely focus at only one distance at a time, the decrease in sharpness is gradual on each side of the focused distance, so that within the DOF, the unsharpness is imperceptible under normal viewing conditions. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
f/stop f-stop f-number f stop fstop Photography f/stop In optics, the f-number (sometimes called focal ratio, f-ratio, f-stop, or relative aperture) of an optical system is the ratio of the lens's focal length to the diameter of the entrance pupil. It is a dimensionless number that is a quantitative measure of lens speed, and an important concept in photography. Exposure Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Miniscule lower case Typography Miniscule In orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (capital letters, caps, majuscule, upper-case, or uppercase) and smaller lower case (minuscule, etc.) letters in certain languages. The term originated with the shallow drawers called type cases still used to hold the movable type for letterpress printing. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Facing Pages on-press prepress Print Facing Pages In page layout and typography, a spread (often redundantly called a two-page spread) is the unit formed by two adjacent, facing pages in a magazine or other publication, featuring a single image (such as a photograph or piece of artwork) or a themed group of images (such as a flowchart or collection of maps). The line down the middle where the pages come together is called the gutter. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Gutter Typography Gutter In page layout and typography, a spread (often redundantly called a two-page spread) is the unit formed by two adjacent, facing pages in a magazine or other publication, featuring a single image (such as a photograph or piece of artwork) or a themed group of images (such as a flowchart or collection of maps). The line down the middle where the pages come together is called the gutter. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Double Exposure multiple Photography Double Exposure In photography and cinematography, a multiple exposure is the superimposition of two or more exposures to create a single image, and double exposure has a corresponding meaning in respect of two images. The exposure values may or may not be identical to each other. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Ambient Light Photography Ambient Light In photography and cinematography, available light or ambient light refers to any source of light that is not explicitly supplied by the photographer for the purpose of taking photos. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Greyscale Grayscale Colour Color Mode Greyscale In photography and computing, a grayscale or greyscale digital image is an image in which the value of each pixel is a single sample, that is, it carries only intensity information. Images of this sort, also known as black-and-white, are composed exclusively of shades of gray, varying from black at the weakest intensity to white at the strongest. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
White Balance Photography White Balance In photography and image processing, color balance is the global adjustment of the intensities of the colors (typically red, green, and blue primary colors). An important goal of this adjustment is to render specific colors – particularly neutral colors – correctly; hence, the general method is sometimes called gray balance, neutral balance, or white balance. Color balance changes the overall mixture of colors in an image and is used for color correction; generalized versions of color balance are used to get colors other than neutrals to also appear correct or pleasing. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Negative invert Photography Negative In photography, a negative is an image, usually on a strip or sheet of transparent plastic film, in which the lightest areas of the photographed subject appear darkest and the darkest areas appear lightest. This reversed order occurs because of the extremely light-sensitive chemicals a camera film must use to capture an image quick enough for ordinary picture-taking, which are darkened, rather than bleached, by exposure to light and subsequent photographic processing. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Shutter fundamental Photography Shutter In photography, a shutter is a device that allows light to pass for a determined period of time, for the purpose of exposing photographic film or a light-sensitive electronic sensor to light to capture a permanent image of a scene. A shutter can also be used to allow pulses of light to pass outwards, as in a movie projector or signal lamp. Exposure Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bokeh bokuh blur Photogrraphy Bokeh In photography, bokeh is the blur, or the aesthetic quality of the blur, in out-of-focus areas of an image. Bokeh has been defined as "the way the lens renders out-of-focus points of light". Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bracketing Photography Bracketing In photography, bracketing is the general technique of taking several shots of the same subject using different camera settings. Bracketing is useful and often recommended in situations that make it difficult to obtain a satisfactory image with a single shot, especially when a small variation in exposure parameters has a comparatively large effect on the resulting image. Autobracketing is automatic bracketing by using a setting on the camera to take several bracketed shots (in contrast to the photographer altering the settings by hand between each shot). Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Exposure Photography Exposure In photography, exposure is the amount of light allowed to fall on each area unit of a photographic medium (photographic film or image sensor) during the process of taking a photograph. Exposure is measured in lux seconds, and can be computed from exposure value (EV) and scene luminance in a specified region. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Intervalometer remote time lapse Photography Intervalometer In photography, intervalometers are used to trigger exposures. This is often done for a time-lapse series. It may also be used to take, or begin taking, picture(s) after a set delay. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Pan Photography Pan In photography, panning refers to the rotation in a horizontal plane of a still camera or video camera. Panning a camera results in a motion similar to that of someone shaking their head "no" or of an aircraft performing a yaw rotation. Or to that of an opening door if the door stays facing one way. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Moire moiré prepress on-press Print Moiré In physics, a moiré pattern is an interference pattern created, for example, when two grids are overlaid at an angle, or when they have slightly different mesh sizes. In graphic arts and prepress, the usual technology for printing full-color images involves the superimposition of halftone screens. These are regular rectangular dot patterns—often four of them, printed in cyan, yellow, magenta, and black. Some kind of moiré pattern is inevitable, but in favorable circumstances the pattern is "tight;" that is, the spatial frequency of the moiré is so high that it is not noticeable. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Ascender Height Typography Ascender Height In printed text, the distance from the baseline of a given font to the top of the character box. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Crop Marks effects Illustrator Crop Marks In printing, marks placed at the corners of a form to indicate where the page is to be trimmed. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Waste prepress on-press Print Waste In printing, waste is characterized by sheets of paper (or other substrate or materials) used to set up the press before the print run proper begins. It also refers to any material thrown away after die cutting. Waste can also refer to extraneous labor used on a job. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Sequence Colour on-press Print Color Sequence In process color printing, the order in which the colors are printed. In offset lithography, for example, the common printing sequence is black, cyan, magenta, and yellow. Also called color sequence and laydown sequence. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Dummy Greek Lorem Ipsum Placeholder text dolor sit amet General Dummy In publishing and graphic design, lorem ipsum is placeholder text (filler text) commonly used to demonstrate the graphics elements of a document or visual presentation, such as font, typography, and layout, by removing the distraction of meaningful content. The lorem ipsum text is typically a section of a Latin text by Cicero with words altered, added and removed that make it nonsensical in meaning and not proper Latin. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Callout call out Typography Callout In publishing, a call-out or callout is a short string of text connected by a line, arrow, or similar graphic to a feature of an illustration or technical drawing, and giving information about that feature. The term is also used to describe a short piece of text set in larger type than the rest of the page and intended to attract attention. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Alias stair step jaggies aliasing Typography Alias In signal processing and related disciplines, aliasing refers to an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled. It also refers to the distortion or artifact that results when the signal reconstructed from samples is different from the original continuous signal. Tutorial Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Histogram Colour General Histogram In statistics, a histogram is a graphical representation showing a visual impression of the distribution of data. A histogram consists of tabular frequencies, shown as adjacent rectangles, erected over discrete intervals (bins), with an area equal to the frequency of the observations in the interval. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bookmark favorite favourite .webloc Web Bookmark In the context of the World Wide Web, a bookmark is a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that is stored for later retrieval in any of various storage formats. All modern web browsers include bookmark features. Also called favorites or Internet shortcuts. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Punchcutting Typography Punchcutting In traditional typography, punchcutting is the craft of cutting letter punches in steel from which matrices were made in copper for type founding in the letterpress era. Cutting punches and casting type was the first step of traditional typesetting. The cutting of letter punches was a highly skilled craft requiring much patience and practice. Often the designer of the type would not be personally involved in the cutting. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Overshoot Typography Overshoot In typeface design, the overshoot of a round or pointed letter (like O or A) is the degree to which it extends higher or lower than a comparably sized "flat" letter (like X or H), to achieve an optical effect of being the same size. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Left Align rag right fundamental Typography Left Align In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range, is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell or tab. The type alignment setting is sometimes referred to as text alignment, text justification or type justification. Flush left means the text is aligned along the left margin or gutter, also known as left-aligned or ragged right. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Right Align rag left fundamental Typography Right Align In typesetting and page layout, alignment or range, is the setting of text flow or image placement relative to a page, column (measure), table cell or tab. The type alignment setting is sometimes referred to as text alignment, text justification or type justification. Flush right means the text is aligned along the right margin or gutter, also known as right-aligned or ragged left, Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bullet disc circle unordered list ul Typography Bullet In typography, a bullet ( • ) is a typographical symbol or glyph used to introduce items in a list. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Counter anatomy Typography Counter In typography, a counter or aperture is the area of typeface anatomy that is entirely or partially enclosed by a letter form or a symbol. Principles of Typography Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Point typography Unit Point In typography, a point is the smallest unit of measure, being a subdivision of the larger pica. It is commonly abbreviated as pt. The point has long been the usual unit for measuring font size and leading and other minute items on a printed page. The original printer's point, from the era of foundry metal typesetting and letter press printing, varied between 0.18 and 0.4 mm depending on various definitions of the foot. By the end of the 19th Century, it had settled to around 0.35 to 0.38 mm, depending on one’s geographical location. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Sans-Serif grotesk fundamental Typography Sans-Serif In typography, a sans-serif, sans serif, san serif or simply sans typeface is one that does not have the small projecting features called "serifs" at the end of strokes. The term comes from the French word sans, meaning "without". Sans-serif fonts tend to have less line width variation than serif fonts. Also refered to as Grotesque or Gothic. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Slab Serif Typography Slab Serif In typography, a slab serif (also called mechanistic, square serif or Egyptian) typeface is a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs. Serif terminals may be either blunt and angular (Rockwell), or rounded (Courier). Slab serif typefaces generally have no bracket (feature connecting the strokes to the serifs). Some consider slab serifs to be a subset of modern serif typefaces. Principles of Typography Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Font Family Typography Font Family In typography, a typeface (also known as font family) is a set of characters that share common design features. A single typeface is represented by a specific weight, style, condensation, width, slant, italicization, ornamentation, and designer or foundry, but not by size. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ascender anatomy Typography Ascender In typography, an ascender is the portion of a minuscule letter in a Latin-derived alphabet that extends above the mean line of a font. That is, the part of a lower-case letter that is taller than the font's x-height. This may be higher than the cap height. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Italic Typography Italic In typography, italic type is a cursive typeface based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting. Owing to the influence from calligraphy, such typefaces often slant slightly to the right. Different glyph shapes from roman type are also usually used—another influence from calligraphy. True italics are therefore distinct from oblique type, in which the font is merely distorted into a slanted orientation. However, uppercase letters are often oblique type or swash capitals rather than true italics. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Kerning letter spacing tracking Typography Kerning In typography, kerning (less commonly mortising) is the process of adjusting the spacing between characters in a proportional font, usually to achieve a visually pleasing result. Kerning adjusts the space between individual letter forms, while tracking (letter-spacing) adjusts spacing uniformly over a range of characters. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Leading line height fundamental Typography Leading In typography, leading refers to the amount of vertical distance betweenthe baselines of type. Principles of Typography Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Tracking letter spacing fundamental Typography Tracking In typography, letter-spacing, also called tracking, refers to the amount of space between a group of letters to affect density in a line or block of text. Not to be confused with "Kerning". Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Petite Caps Typography Petite Caps In typography, petite capitals (usually abbreviated petite caps) are a stylistic letter form, a variant of small caps. Like small caps, petite caps take the shape of upper-case ("capital") letters, and are usually of appropriate optical weight to harmonize with other text. However, petite caps are smaller still than small caps, typically, half the height of capital letters. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
River Typography River In typography, rivers, or rivers of white, are gaps in typesetting, which appear to run through a paragraph of text, due to a coincidental alignment of spaces. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Serif anatomy fundamental Typography Serif In typography, serifs are the small lines tailing from the edges of letters and symbols, such as when handwriting is separated into distinct units for a typewriter or typsetter. Also refered to as Roman. Principles of Typography Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Ligature bind rune scribal abbreviation Typography Ligature In writing and typography, a ligature occurs where two or more graphemes are joined as a single glyph. Ligatures usually replace consecutive characters sharing common components and are part of a more general class of glyphs called "contextual forms", where the specific shape of a letter depends on context such as surrounding letters or proximity to the end of a line. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Spread on-press Print Spread ink spread from impression Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inline Style Programming Inline Style Inline styles, inside the HTML document, style information on a single element, specified using the style attribute (as opposed to embedded style and external style sheets). Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Cross-Process Direction on-press Print Cross-Process Direction Inside to Outside direction. Perpendicular to the web. Across direction. Y-Axis. (See also "Process Direction") Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Angular gaelic Typography Angular Insular script was a medieval script system originally used in Ireland, then Great Britain, that spread to continental Europe under the influence of Irish Christianity. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Contrast Concept Contrast Interaction of contradictory elements. Expresses the duality seen in opposites. Examples: Large & Small, rough & smooth, thick & thin, light & dark, organic & geometric Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Interactive interaction Web Interactive Interactive media normally refers to products and services on digital computer-based systems which respond to the user’s actions by presenting content such as text, graphics, animation, video, audio, games, etc. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
IE internet explorer acronyms Web IE Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
IMAP acronyms Web IMAP Internet message access protocol (IMAP) is a protocol for e-mail retrieval. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
IRC acronyms Web IRC Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is a protocol for real-time Internet text messaging (chat) or synchronous conferencing. It is mainly designed for group communication in discussion forums, called channels, but also allows one-to-one communication via private message as well as chat and data transfer, including file sharing. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Reconciliation on-press Print Reconciliation Inventory reconciliation involves two steps: physical and accounting. Physical inventory steps including taking a written inventory record and comparing it to the actual goods in the company’s warehouses. Counting obsolete and damaged products is also a reconciliation activity. In printing, reconciliation refers to making sure the amount of physical material matches the inventory record. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
iOS operating system mobile tablet iphone ipad Computing iOS iOS (previously iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone and iPod Touch, it has been extended to support other Apple devices such as the iPad and Apple TV. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
C# c sharp Programming C# is a multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic, object-oriented (class-based), and component-oriented programming disciplines. It was developed by Microsoft within its .NET initiative and later approved as a standard by Ecma (ECMA-334) and ISO (ISO/IEC 23270:2006). C# is one of the programming languages designed for the Common Language Infrastructure. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Byte information Computing Byte is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that most commonly consists of eight bits. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
MySQL database Programming MySQL is the world's most used open source relational database management system (RDBMS) as of 2008 that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. The SQL phrase stands for Structured Query Language. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Home Page index fundamental Web Home Page It most often refers to the initial or main web page of a web site, sometimes called the "front page" (by analogy with newspapers). Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Iteration on-press Print Iteration Iteration means the act of repeating a process usually with the aim of approaching a desired goal or target or result. Each repetition of the process is also called an "iteration", and the results of one iteration are used as the starting point for the next iteration. For Jetrion printing, an iteration represents the amount of labels in the around direction per one eyespot. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Java Programming Java Java is a general-purpose, concurrent, class-based, object-oriented computer programming language that is specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. It is intended to let application developers "write once, run anywhere" (WORA), meaning that code that runs on one platform does not need to be recompiled to run on another. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Javascript Programming Javascript JavaScript (JS) is an open source programming language commonly implemented as part of a web browser in order to create enhanced user interfaces and dynamic websites. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Purge on-press Print Purge Jogging printed labels completely off the press. After purging, there should be only un-printed material on the press. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
JPG JPEG .jpg .jpeg acronyms format File Extension JPG JPEG ("Joint Photographic Experts Group") is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital photography (image). The degree of compression can be adjusted, allowing a selectable tradeoff between storage size and image quality. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
jQuery javascript Programming jQuery jQuery is a multi-browser JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML. It was released in January 2006 at BarCamp NYC by John Resig. Documentation / Tutorials Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
JSON acronym Programming JSON JSON, or JavaScript Object Notation, is a text-based open standard designed for human-readable data interchange. It is derived from the JavaScript scripting language for representing simple data structures and associative arrays, called objects. Despite its relationship to JavaScript, it is language-independent, with parsers available for many languages. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Justify justified justification fundamental Typography Justify Justification is the typographic alignment setting of text or images within a column or "measure" to align along both the left and right margin. Paragraphs can have "last left", "last right" or "all" for the final line. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Kanban inventory on-press Print Kanban Kanban (literally signboard or billboard) is a scheduling system for lean and just-in-time (JIT) production. According to its creator, Taiichi Ohno, kanban is one means through which JIT is achieved. Kanban is not an inventory control system but rather a scheduling system that helps determine what to produce, when to produce it, and how much to produce. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
KML acronym KML Keyhole Markup Language (KML) is an XML notation for expressing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based, two-dimensional maps and three-dimensional Earth browsers. KML was developed for use with Google Earth, which was originally named Keyhole Earth Viewer. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Process Direction on-press Print Process Direction Left to Right direction. Parallel to the web. Around direction. Repeat direction. X-Axis. (See also "Cross-Process Direction") Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
LZW acronyms General LZW Lempel–Ziv–Welch (LZW) is a universal lossless data compression algorithm created by Abraham Lempel, Jacob Ziv, and Terry Welch. It was published by Welch in 1984 as an improved implementation of the LZ78 algorithm published by Lempel and Ziv in 1978. The algorithm is simple to implement, and has the potential for very high throughput in hardware implementations. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Lens Speed Photography Lens Speed Lens speed refers to the maximum aperture diameter, or minimum f-number, of a photographic lens. A lens with a larger maximum aperture (that is, a smaller minimum f-number) is called a "fast lens" because it delivers more light intensity (illuminance) to the focal plane, achieving the same exposure with a faster shutter speed. A smaller maximum aperture (larger minimum f-number) is "slow" because it delivers less light intensity and requires a slower shutter speed. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Transverse Direction on-press Print Transverse Direction Lesser used synonym of "Cross-Process Direction" in Jetrion printing. Outside to inside direction (and vice-versa). Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Web Direction on-press Print Web Direction Lesser used synonym of "Process Direction" in Jetrion printing. Left to right direction (and vice-versa). Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Letterpress Print Letterpress Letterpress is relief printing. It involves locking movable type into the bed of a press, inking it, and rolling or pressing paper against it to form an impression. It was the normal form of printing text from its invention by Johannes Gutenberg in the mid-15th century until the 19th century and remained in wide use for books and other uses until the second half of the 20th century. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Discretionary Ligatures Typography Discretionary Ligatures Ligatures to be applied at the user's discretion. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Link rot Web Link Rot Link rot (or linkrot), also known as link death or link breaking, is an informal term for the process by which increasing numbers of links (either on individual websites or the Internet in general) point to web pages, servers or other resources that have become permanently unavailable. The phrase also describes the effects of failing to update out-of-date web pages that clutter search engine results. A link that does not work any more is called a broken link, dead link or dangling link. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Linux Computing Linux Linux is a Unix-like computer operating system assembled under the model of free and open source software development and distribution. The defining component of Linux is the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released 5 October 1991 by Linus Torvalds. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Flush on-press Print Flush Liquid used to wipe heads without crashing ink. Made of same vehicle as Jetrion ink but without any pigment. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Lithography Print Lithography Lithography is a method for printing using a stone (lithographic limestone) or a metal plate with a completely smooth surface. Invented in 1796 by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing theatrical works, lithography can be used to print text or artwork onto paper or other suitable material. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Screen Blending Mode Screen Looks at each channel’s color information and multiplies the inverse of the blend and base colors. The result color is always a lighter color. Screening with black leaves the color unchanged. Screening with white produces white. The effect is similar to projecting multiple photographic slides on top of each other. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color Dodge Colour Blending Mode Color Dodge Looks at the color information in each channel and brightens the base color to reflect the blend color by decreasing contrast between the two. Blending with black produces no change. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Linear Dodge (Add) Blending Mode Linear Dodge (Add) Looks at the color information in each channel and brightens the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the brightness. Blending with black produces no change. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Linear Burn Blending Mode Linear Burn Looks at the color information in each channel and darkens the base color to reflect the blend color by decreasing the brightness. Blending with white produces no change. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Color Burn Colour Blending Mode Color Burn Looks at the color information in each channel and darkens the base color to reflect the blend color by increasing the contrast between the two. Blending with white produces no change. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Divide Blending Mode Divide Looks at the color information in each channel and divides the blend color from the base color. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Multiply Blending Mode Multiply Looks at the color information in each channel and multiplies the base color by the blend color. The result color is always a darker color. Multiplying any color with black produces black. Multiplying any color with white leaves the color unchanged. When you’re painting with a color other than black or white, successive strokes with a painting tool produce progressively darker colors. The effect is similar to drawing on the image with multiple marking pens. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lighten Blending Mode Lighten Looks at the color information in each channel and selects the base or blend color—whichever is lighter—as the result color. Pixels darker than the blend color are replaced, and pixels lighter than the blend color do not change. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Difference Blending Mode Difference Looks at the color information in each channel and subtracts either the blend color from the base color or the base color from the blend color, depending on which has the greater brightness value. Blending with white inverts the base color values; blending with black produces no change. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Subtract Blending Mode Subtract Looks at the color information in each channel and subtracts the blend color from the base color. In 8- and 16-bit images, any resulting negative values are clipped to zero. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Lossless fundamental General Lossless Lossless data compression is a class of data compression algorithms that allows the exact original data to be reconstructed from the compressed data. The term lossless is in contrast to lossy data compression, which only allows constructing an approximation of the original data, in exchange for better compression rates. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Macro Photography Macro Macro photography (or photomacrography or macrography, and sometimes macrophotography) is extreme close-up photography, usually of very small subjects, in which the size of the subject in the photograph is greater than life size (though macrophotography technically refers to the art of making very large photographs). By some definitions, a macro photograph is one in which the size of the subject on the negative or image sensor is life size or greater. However in other uses it refers to a finished photograph of a subject at greater than life size. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Slitting on-press Print Slitting Making a wide material more narrow by cutting it on press. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Media Psychology Concept Media Psychology Media psychology seeks an understanding of how people perceive, interpret, use, and respond to a media-rich world. In doing so, media psychologists can identify potential benefits and problems and promote the development of positive media. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Media Queries query viewport Programming Media Queries Media Queries is a CSS3 module allowing content rendering to adapt to conditions such as screen resolution (e.g. smartphone vs. high definition screen). It became a W3C recommended standard in June 2012.[1] and is a cornerstone technology to Responsive Web Design. MediaQueri.es Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Windows operating system Computing Windows Microsoft Windows is a series of graphical interface operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985 as an add-on to MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Microtypography Typography Microtypography Microtypography is the name given to a range of methods for improving the readability and appearance of text, especially justified text. The methods reduce the appearance of large interword spaces and create edges to the text that appear more even. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Mirror Lockup Mode Photography Mirror Lockup Mode Mirror lock-up (often abbreviated to MLU) is a feature employed in many Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras. It allows the operator to reduce vibration-induced motion blur during exposure. It also allows the mounting of lenses which extend into the SLR's mirror box when mounted. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
True Black Web True Black monitor cant be true black unless off- better definition Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Firefox gecko mozilla user agent Web Firefox Mozilla Firefox is a free and open source web browser developed for Microsoft Windows, OS X and Linux (including Android) coordinated by Mozilla Corporation and Mozilla Foundation. Firefox uses the Gecko layout engine to render web pages, which implements current and anticipated web standards. Download Firefox Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
MP3 .mp3 format File Extension MP3 MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III, more commonly referred to as MP3, is a patented encoding format for digital audio which uses a form of lossy data compression. It is a common audio format for consumer audio storage, as well as a de facto standard of digital audio compression for the transfer and playback of music on most digital audio players. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
MS-DOS acronyms Computing MS-DOS MS-DOS (short for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers. It was the most commonly used member of the DOS family of operating systems, and was the main operating system for IBM PC compatible personal computers during the 1980s to the mid 1990s, until it was gradually superseded by operating systems offering a graphical user interface (GUI), in particular by various generations of the Microsoft Windows operating system. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Overlay Blending Mode Overlay Multiplies or screens the colors, depending on the base color. Patterns or colors overlay the existing pixels while preserving the highlights and shadows of the base color. The base color is not replaced, but mixed with the blend color to reflect the lightness or darkness of the original color. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hard Light Blending Mode Hard Light Multiplies or screens the colors, depending on the blend color. The effect is similar to shining a harsh spotlight on the image. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, the image is lightened, as if it were screened. This is useful for adding highlights to an image. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, the image is darkened, as if it were multiplied. This is useful for adding shadows to an image. Painting with pure black or white results in pure black or white. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
NTSC acronyms Photography NTSC NTSC, named for the National Television System Committee, is the analog television system that is used in most of North America, parts of South America (except Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, and French Guiana), Myanmar, South Korea, Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, and some Pacific island nations and territories Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Occam's Razor Concept Occam's Razor Occam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor, Latin lex parsimoniae) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness. It is a principle urging one to select among competing hypotheses that which makes the fewest assumptions and thereby offers the simplest explanation of the effect. To put it in the design context, Occam’s Razor states that the simplest solution is usually best. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Cavity on-press Print Cavity One section of a multiple cavity die, where more than one die or sections are mounted onto a back plate as in clicker dies or on a die board as in steel rule dies. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Mils length Unit Mils One thousandth of an inch. Used to measure the thickness of material in print. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Open Type Typography Open Type OpenType is a format for scalable computer fonts. It was built on its predecessor TrueType, retaining TrueType's basic structure and adding many intricate data structures for prescribing typographic behavior. OpenType is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Opera web browser user agent Web Opera Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by Opera Software. The browser handles common Internet-related tasks such as displaying web sites, sending and receiving e-mail messages, managing contacts, chatting on IRC, downloading files via BitTorrent, and reading web feeds. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Landscape General Landscape Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. Landscape originally described artistic outdoor scenes where a wide view area is needed, but the upper part of the painting would be mostly sky and so is omitted. Landscape orientation is when the width is wider than the height. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Potrait General Portrait Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The specific word definition comes from the fact that a close-up portrait of a person's face and upper body is more fitting for a canvas or photo where the height of the display area is greater than the width. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Orientation fundamental General Orientation Page orientation is the way in which a rectangular page is oriented for normal viewing. The two most common types of orientation are portrait and landscape. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Pagination General Pagination Pagination is the process of dividing (content) into discrete pages, either electronic pages or printed pages. Today the latter are usually simply instances of the former that have been outputted to a printing device, such as a desktop printer or a modern printing press. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Paint Application Paint Paint (formerly Paintbrush for Windows) is a simple graphics painting program that has been included with all versions of Microsoft Windows. It is often referred to as MS Paint or Microsoft Paint. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
PAL acronyms Photography PAL PAL, short for Phase Alternating Line, is a colour encoding system for analogue television used in broadcast television systems in most countries broadcasting at 576i. Other common analogue television systems are NTSC and SECAM. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PMS acronyms prepress on-press fundamental Print PMS Pantone Inc. is a corporation headquartered in Carlstadt, New Jersey. The company is best known for its Pantone Matching System (PMS), a proprietary color space used in a variety of industries, primarily printing, though sometimes in the manufacture of colored paint, fabric, and plastics. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Legal prepress on-press Print Legal paper size Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Parallax Concept Parallax Parallax is a displacement or difference in the apparent position of an object viewed along two different lines of sight, and is measured by the angle or semi-angle of inclination between those two lines. Nearby objects have a larger parallax than more distant objects when observed from different positions, so parallax can be used to determine distances. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Add pathfinder effects Illustrator Add Pathfinder: All selected shapes are combined into one shape with the top shape’s style (All style attributes from the top shapes i.e. color, stroke, etc). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Subtract pathfinder effects Illustrator Subtract Pathfinder: Bottom most shape is eaten away by any number of shapes above it. Bottom shape keeps it’s style and all top shapes dissapear. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Intersect pathfinder effects Illustrator Intersect Pathfinder: Intersects 2 overlapping shapes to leave intersected area as a shape. Resulting shape keeps the top shapes style. This tool does not work well with more than 2 shapes. If more than 2 shapes are used all shapes disappear after clicking the “Expand” Button. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Merge pathfinder effects Illustrator Merge Pathfinder: Merge does the same thing as trim with the exception that any overlapping shapes that have the same style as the bottom shape are merged with the bottom shape. Any overlapping shapes above the bottom shape that are not the same style as the bottom shape are kept in tact and are trimmed out of the bottom shape. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Minus Back pathfinder effects Illustrator Minus Back Pathfinder: Minus back only works with 2 shapes, the topmost shape and the bottommost shape. It minuses the bottommost shape from the topmost shape. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Outline pathfinder effects Illustrator Outline Pathfinder: Outline can work with 2 or more shapes. Outline takes all shapes and cuts each shape at the intersecting points. This results in no overlapping lines. All lines are separated at the overlapping areas. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Crop pathfinder effects Illustrator Crop Pathfinder: The crop tool only interacts with the topmost shape and the bottommost shape. If you selected 5 different shapes, this tool will only leave the intersection of the topmost and bottommost shapes with the style of the bottommost shape. In addition to this, it will leave the non-overlapping section of the topmost shape (with no stroke or fill). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Divide pathfinder effects Illustrator Divide Pathfinder: The Divide button of the pathfinder divides all of the overlapping shapes. This button can be used with 2 or more shapes. All divided shapes keep the visible style of the top overlapping shape. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Trim pathfinder effects Illustrator Trim Pathfinder: Trim keeps all of the top shapes intact while trimming all overlapping shapes out of the bottommost shape. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Exclude pathfinder effects Illustrator Exlude Pathfinder: Works with 2 or more shapes. Any overlapping areas are removed and any areas not overlapping are kept. Style of topmost shape is applied to the resulting shape. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
CPC acronyms ppc pay per Web CPC Pay per click (PPC) (also called cost per click) is an Internet advertising model used to direct traffic to websites, where advertisers pay the publisher (typically a website owner) when the ad is clicked. With search engines, advertisers typically bid on keyword phrases relevant to their target market. Content sites commonly charge a fixed price per click rather than use a bidding system. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Perl Programming Perl Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PHP acronyms Programming PHP PHP is an open source server-side scripting language designed for Web development to produce dynamic Web pages. It is one of the first developed server-side scripting languages to be embedded into an HTML source document rather than calling an external file to process data. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ping Web Ping Ping is a computer network administration utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network and to measure the round-trip time for messages sent from the originating host to a destination computer. The name comes from active sonar terminology which sends a pulse of sound and listens for the echo to detect objects underwater. A well-known backronym renders ping as Packet Inter Net Groper. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
PPI acronyms General PPI Pixels per inch (PPI) or pixel density is a measurement of the resolution of devices in various contexts: typically computer displays, image scanners, and digital camera image sensors. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
PET acronyms on-press Print PET Polyester Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
PDF .pdf camelot acronyms format File Extension PDF Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format used to represent documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.[1] Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
PNG .png 24 acronyms format File Extension PNG Portable Network Graphics is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. PNG was created as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format (GIF). Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Post-Script General Post-Script PostScript (PS) is a dynamically typed concatenative programming language created by John Warnock and Charles Geschke in 1982. It is best known for its use as a page description language in the electronic and desktop publishing areas. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Preflight pre-flight prepress Print Preflight Preflighting is a term used in the printing industry to describe the process of confirming that the digital files required for the printing process are all present, valid, correctly formatted, and of the desired type. The term originates from the preflight checklists used by pilots. The term was first used in a presentation at the Color Connections conference in 1990 by consultant Chuck Weger. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Prepress Print Prepress Prepress is the term used in the printing and publishing industries for the processes and procedures that occur between the creation of a print layout and the final printing. The prepress procedure includes the manufacture of a printing plate, image carrier or form, ready for mounting on a printing press, as well as the adjustment of images and texts or the creation of a high-quality print file. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Primary Colors Colours Color Theory Primary Colors Primary colours are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors. For human applications, three primary colors are usually used, since human color vision is trichromatic. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Impression on-press Print Impression Printed used with plates. Flexo/Letterpress is impression based. The Jetrion is inkjet based. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Overprinting attributes prepress fundamental Print Overprinting Printing one color directly on top of another color without knocking out. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
INDD .indd format File Extension INDD Professional page layout project created with Adobe InDesign; includes page formatting information, page content, linked files, styles, and swatches; used for creating and formatting books, magazines, newspapers, flyers, brochures, etc. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Program Mode Photography Program Mode Program mode has the camera calculate both shutter speed and aperture (given a manually or automatically selected ISO). Higher-end cameras offer partial manual control to shift away from the automatically calculated values (increasing aperture and decreasing shutter time or conversely). The difference between Program mode and Full Auto mode is that in program mode, only the exposure is automatic, while other camera settings (e.g. shooting mode, exposure compensation, flash) can be set manually; in Full Auto mode everything is automatic. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
QuarkXPress quark express Application QuarkXPress QuarkXPress (often referred to as Quark) is a computer application for creating and editing complex page layouts in a WYSIWYG environment. It runs on Mac OS X and Windows. It was first released by Quark, Inc. in 1987 and is still owned and published by them. Training Program Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
MOV .mov format File Extension MOV QuickTime File Format (QTFF) is a computer file format used natively by the QuickTime framework. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Contextual Alternates Typography Contextual Alternates Random contextual alternates provide multiple substitute glyphs for a single character. When implemented with script-type fonts, this feature can simulate handwriting by using of a set of randomly chosen glyphs with slight differences in appearance. Often, this is used with the double quote (") to be inverted when closing on the second iteration. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Rasterisation rasterization General Rasterisation Rasterisation (or rasterization) is the task of taking an image described in a vector graphics format (shapes) and converting it into a raster image (pixels or dots) for output on a video display or printer, or for storage in a bitmap file format. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Ordinals Typography Ordinals Replaces characters with ordinal forms for use after numbers Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pin Light Blending Mode Pin Light Replaces the colors, depending on the blend color. If the blend color (light source) is lighter than 50% gray, pixels darker than the blend color are replaced, and pixels lighter than the blend color do not change. If the blend color is darker than 50% gray, pixels lighter than the blend color are replaced, and pixels darker than the blend color do not change. This is useful for adding special effects to an image. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Responsive fluid viewport Programming Responsive Responsive web design (often abbreviated to RWD) is a web design approach aimed at crafting sites to provide an optimal viewing experience—easy reading and navigation with a minimum of resizing, panning, and scrolling—across a wide range of devices (from desktop computer monitors to mobile phones). MediaQueri.es Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Retina Computing Retina Retina Display is a brand name used by Apple for liquid crystal displays which they claim have a high enough pixel density that the human eye is unable to notice pixelation at a typical viewing distance. The term is used for several Apple products, including the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and MacBook Pro. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
RGBa Colour opacity transparency alpha acronyms Color Mode RGBa RGBA stands for red green blue alpha. While it is sometimes described as a color space, it is actually simply a use of the RGB color model, with extra information. The color is RGB, and may belong to any RGB color space, but an integral alpha value as invented by Catmull and Smith between 1971 and 1972 enables alpha compositing. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Rods Vision Rods Rod cells, or rods, are photoreceptor cells in the retina of the eye that can function in less intense light than can the other type of visual photoreceptor, cone cells. Rods are concentrated at the outer edges of the retina and are used in peripheral vision. On average, there are approximately 125 million rod cells in the human retina. More sensitive than cone cells, rod cells are almost entirely responsible for night vision. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gravure Print Gravure Rotogravure (Roto or Gravure for short) is a type of intaglio printing process; that is, it involves engraving the image onto an image carrier. In gravure printing, the image is engraved onto a cylinder because, like offset printing and flexography, it uses a rotary printing press. Once a staple of newspaper photo features, the rotogravure process is still used for commercial printing of magazines, postcards, and corrugated (cardboard) product packaging. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Radius Corner prepress on-press Print Radius Corner Rounded corners on die cut labels so ripping is prevented when applying labels to product. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Royalty Free copyright stock General Royalty Free Royalty-free, or RF, refers to the right to use copyrighted material or intellectual property without the need to pay royalties or license fees for each use or per volume sold, or some time period of use or sales. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Ruby Programming Ruby Ruby is a dynamic, reflective, general-purpose object-oriented programming language that combines syntax inspired by Perl with Smalltalk-like features. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Grid General Grid rule of thirds golden ratio Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Safari webkit apple user agent Web Safari Safari is a web browser developed by Apple Inc. and included with the Mac OS X and iOS operating systems. First released as a public beta on January 7, 2003 on the company's OS X operating system, it became Apple's default browser beginning with Mac OS X v10.3 "Panther". Safari is also the native browser for iOS. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
SVG .svg acronyms format File Extension SVG Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics that has support for interactivity and animation. The SVG specification is an open standard developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) since 1999. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Index robot spider crawler google yahoo bing Web Indexing Search engine indexing collects, parses, and stores data to facilitate fast and accurate information retrieval. Index design incorporates interdisciplinary concepts from linguistics, cognitive psychology, mathematics, informatics, physics, and computer science. An alternate name for the process in the context of search engines designed to find web pages on the Internet is web indexing. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SEO google acronyms Web SEO Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine's "natural" or un-paid ("organic") search results. In general, the earlier (or higher ranked on the search results page), and more frequently a site appears in the search results list, the more visitors it will receive from the search engine's users. SEO may target different kinds of search, including image search, local search, video search, academic search, news search and industry-specific vertical search engines. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Headings tags html css h1 h2 h3 h4 h5 h6 Programming Heaiings Section headings at different levels.

delimits the highest-level heading,

the next level down (sub-section),

for a level below that, and so on to

. They are sometimes referred to collectively as tags, n meaning any of the available heading levels. Most visual browsers show headings as large bold text by default, though this can be overridden with CSS. Heading elements are not intended merely for creating large or bold text—in fact, they should not be used for explicitly styling text. Rather, they describe the document’s structure and organization. Some programs use them to generate outlines and tables of contents.
Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Shutter Priority Photography Shutter Priority Shutter priority refers to a setting on some cameras that allows the user to choose a specific shutter speed while the camera adjusts the aperture to ensure correct exposure. Exposure Tutorial Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
RYB Color Mode RYB Similar to the RGB color mode, but used primarily in traditional art (and originally in printing presses). RGB is more popular in modern design because it correctly reflects human color perception (see rods/cones). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SMTP acronyms Web SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (e-mail) transmission across Internet Protocol (IP) networks. SMTP was first defined by RFC 821 (1982, eventually declared STD 10), and last updated by RFC 5321 (2008)[2] which includes the Extended SMTP (ESMTP) additions, and is the protocol in widespread use today. SMTP uses TCP port 25. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Rear-Curtain Sync Photography Rear-Curtain Sync Some cameras offer the ability to fire the flash at just before the second curtain closes. This is called rear (or second) curtain sync, and it is used to freeze motion at the end of the exposure. When making long exposures while firing a flash, rear curtain sync creates the effect of motion blur trailing the main subject. Slow Sync Gallery Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Spur anatomy Typography Spur Some designs also have spurs, which are smaller than serifs and appear on angles rather than at a terminal, as on e or G. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Spam Web Spam Spam is the use of electronic messaging systems to send unsolicited bulk messages, especially advertising, indiscriminately. While the most widely recognized form of spam is e-mail spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media. Stats on Spam Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Spherical Aberration Photography Spherical Aberration Spherical aberration is an optical effect observed in an optical device (lens, mirror, etc.) that occurs due to the increased refraction of light rays when they strike a lens or a reflection of light rays when they strike a mirror near its edge, in comparison with those that strike nearer the centre. It signifies a deviation of the device from the norm, i.e., it results in an imperfection of the produced image. Optical Aberrations Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Bauhaus Movement Bauhaus (1919-1933) Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was a school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. At that time the German term Bauhaus, literally "house of construction" stood for "School of Building". Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stock General Stock Stock photography is the supply of photographs licensed for specific uses. It is used to fulfill the needs of creative assignments instead of hiring a photographer, often for a lower cost. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Papyrus Bad Font Papyrus Stop using this font. You are a bad person. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Dot on-press prepress Print Dot Strictly speaking, the smallest fundamental unit of a halftone image, a small point of color, black, or some shade of gray which, when combined with many other dots of varying color and shade, form an image. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Vehicle Color Colour on-press Print Vehicle Substance(s) used to formulate active ingredients for administration or use. A conveyance that contains pigment to create ink with color. (See also "Pigment"). Jetrion "flush" is a vehicle without pigment. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Burn Stock setup on-press Print Burn Stock Substituting a material to be used as a kanban material. Sometimes we will have leftover material or receive a material that other presses can not use, so we will coat it and use it up on the Jetrion to save waste. For example, coating 4.5" C2500 rolls and putting it in the system as the standard 4" C2500 kanban material. Burn Stock can only be larger than the material it is being used for (For example, 4.5" material could not be put in the system as 6"). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Substrate on-press Print Substrate Substrate is a term used in converting process such as printing or coating as a more general term to describe the base material onto which e.g. images will be printed. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
SWF .swf animated shockwave flash format File Extension SWF SWF is an Adobe Flash file format used for multimedia, vector graphics and ActionScript. Originating with FutureWave Software, then transferred to Macromedia, and then coming under the control of Adobe, SWF files can contain animations or applets of varying degrees of interactivity and function. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Tabloid on-press prepress Print Tabloid Tabloid is a North American paper size measuring 11in by 17in (which is half of a broadsheet). The name comes from the newspaper format. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Case Sensitive Typography Case Sensitive Text sometimes exhibits case sensitivity; that is, words can differ in meaning based on differing use of uppercase and lowercase letters. Words with capital letters do not always have the same meaning when written with lowercase letters. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Text Wrap General Text Wrap Text wrap is a feature supported by many word processors that enables you to surround a picture or diagram with text. The text wraps around the graphic. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Textualis blackletter Typography Textualis Textualis, also known as textura or Gothic bookhand, was the most calligraphic form of black letter, and today is the form most associated with "Gothic". Johannes Gutenberg carved a textualis typeface – including a large number of ligatures and common abbreviations – when he printed his 42-line Bible. However, the textualis was rarely used for typefaces afterwards. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Open Graph facebook metadata meta data Programming Open Graph The "Open Graph protocol" is simply a method of including meta information in a web page to allow Facebook to accurately represent the page's content when it is linked to in Facebook. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Doctype !DOCTYPE Programming Doctype The declaration is not an HTML tag; it is an instruction to the web browser about what version of HTML the page is written in. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Consignment on-press Print Consignment The act of consigning, which is placing a product in the hand of another, but retaining ownership until the goods are sold or person is transferred. Consignment is generally used for replacement parts to minimize equipment downtime. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Adaptive Wide Angle filters Photoshop Adaptive Wide Angle The Adaptive Wide Angle Filter in Photoshop CS6 will allow you to straighten curves and lines in photos taken with a fisheye or wide-angle lens. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Alt Attribute Programming Alt Attribute The alt attribute is used in HTML and XHTML documents to specify alternative text (alt text) that is to be rendered when the element to which it is applied cannot be rendered. It is also used by "screen reader" software so that a person who is listening to the content of a webpage. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
ASCII acronyms Programming ASCII The American Standard Code for Information Interchange is a character-encoding scheme originally based on the English alphabet. ASCII codes represent text in computers, communications equipment, and other devices that use text. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, though they support many additional characters. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Apache http server web Programming Apache The Apache HTTP Server, commonly referred to as Apache, is a web server software notable for playing a key role in the initial growth of the World Wide Web. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Platen on-press Print Platen The arched area under the printheads that the material slides across. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Aspect Ratio #:# 0:0 x:y fundamental General Aspect Ratio The aspect ratio of an image describes the proportional relationship between its width and its height. It is commonly expressed as two numbers separated by a colon, as in 16:9. For an x:y aspect ratio, no matter how big or small the image is, if the width is divided into x units of equal length and the height is measured using this same length unit, the height will be measured to be y units. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Hue Color Theory Hue The attribute of colors that permits them to be classed as red, yellow, green, blue, or any intermediate between any contiguous pair of these colors. In practical terms, hue refers to a specific tone of color. It is not another name for color as color can have saturation and brightness as well. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Brightness Color Theory Brightness The attribute of light-source colors by which emitted light is ordered continuously from light to dark in correlation with its intensity. Brightness refers to how much white or black is contained within a color. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Plate General Plate The basic image-carrying surface in a printing process, which can be made of a variety of substances, such as various metals (as those used in letterpress and lithography), rubber, or plastic (such as those used in flexography). Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
BMP .bmp format File Extension BMP The BMP file format, also known as bitmap image file or device independent bitmap (DIB) file format or simply a bitmap, is a raster graphics image file format used to store bitmap digital images, independently of the display device (such as a graphics adapter), especially on Microsoft Windows and OS/2 operating systems. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Loop anatomy Typography Loop The bottom of the loop-tailed g is called a loop. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Box Shadow box-shadow Programming Box Shadow The box-shadow property attaches one or more drop-shadows to the box. Tutorial Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Broadsheet prepress on-press Print Broadsheet The broadsheet is the largest of the various newspaper formats and is characterized by longer vertical pages (typically 22 inches / 560 millimetres or more). The term derives from types of popular prints usually just of a single sheet, sold on the streets and containing various types of material, from ballads to political satire. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Byline by line Typography Byline The byline on a newspaper or magazine article gives the name, and often the position, of the writer of the article. Bylines are traditionally placed between the headline and the text of the article. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cap Height Typography Cap Height The cap height or capline is another imaginary line. This one marks the height of all capital letters in a typeface. The cap height is often below the maximum height of the typeface. Principles of Typography Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Clipboard Computing Clipboard The clipboard is a software facility that can be used for short-term data storage and/or data transfer between documents or applications, via copy and paste operations. It is most commonly a part of a GUI environment and is usually implemented as an anonymous, temporary data buffer that can be accessed from most or all programs within the environment via defined programming interfaces. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Clone Stamp Photoshop Clone Stamp The clone tool, as it is known in Adobe Photoshop, GIMP, and Corel PhotoPaint, is used in digital image editing to replace information for one part of a picture with information from another part. In other image editing software, its equivalent is sometimes called a rubber stamp tool or a clone brush. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CMYK Colour acronyms fundamental Color Mode CMYK The CMYK color model (process color, four color) is a subtractive color model, used in color printing, and is also used to describe the printing process itself. CMYK refers to the four inks used in some color printing: cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black). Though it varies by print house, press operator, press manufacturer, and press run, ink is typically applied in the order of the abbreviation. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Tone Color Theory Tone The color quality or value; a tint or shade of color; the color that appreciably modifies a hue or white or black. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
CGI acronyms Programming CGI The Common Gateway Interface (CGI) is a standard (see RFC 3875: CGI Version 1.1) method for web server software to delegate the generation of web content to executable files. Such files are known as CGI scripts or simply CGI's; they are usually written in a scripting language. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
CPT .cpt format File Extension CPT The CPT file format is a graphics file format used by some versions of Corel Photo Paint. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Digimark filters Photoshop Digimark The Digimarc filters embed a digital watermark into an image to store copyright information. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Direct Selection Tool Illustrator Direct Selection Tool The direct selection tool is used to select individual parts of an object. You can select individual points or segments (the path between the points) with the direct selection tool. Selection Tools Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Break Colour brake prepress on-press Print Color Break The division of a single-color page proof (such as a blueline) to ensure that the appropriate colors will ultimately print in the correct places. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
DOM acronyms Programming DOM The Document Object Model (DOM) is a cross-platform and language-independent convention for representing and interacting with objects in HTML, XHTML and XML documents. Objects in the DOM tree may be addressed and manipulated by using methods on the objects. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
DNS acronyms Web DNS The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities. Most prominently, it translates domain names meaningful for users to the numerical IP addresses needed for the purpose of locating computer services and devices worldwide. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Em Dash Typography Em Dash The em dash (—), m dash, m-rule, or "mutton", often demarcates a break of thought or some similar interpolation stronger than the interpolation demarcated by parentheses. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
En Dash Typography En Dash The en dash, n dash, n-rule, or "nut" (–) is traditionally half the width of an em dash. The en dash is commonly used to indicate a closed range of values, meaning a range with clearly defined and non-infinite upper and lower boundaries. This may include ranges such as those between dates, times, or numbers. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Exabyte eb Computing Exabyte The exabyte (derived from the SI prefix exa-) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to one quintillion bytes (short scale). The unit symbol for the exabyte is EB. The unit prefix exa indicates the sixth power of 1000: 1 EB = 1000000000000000000B = 1018 bytes = 1000000000gigabytes = 1000000terabytes = 1000petabytes Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
PAT .pat format File Extension PAT The file extension for Adobe patterns. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Focal Range Photography Focal Range The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light. For an optical system in air, it is the distance over which initially collimated rays are brought to a focus. A system with a shorter focal length has greater optical power than one with a long focal length; that is, it bends the rays more strongly, bringing them to a focus in a shorter distance. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Unity Within Variety Concept Unity Within Variety The force operating within a work of art which can give it the appearance of oneness or resolution. The consistency of the concept. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Group Selection Tool Illustrator Group Selection Tool The group selection tool is located in the hidden tools menu of the direct selection tool. This tool is used primarily to select a specific object when you have grouped objects. “Grouped objects” are multiple objects that behave as one object because the user has grouped them using the group command. Selection Tools Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Herz Computing Herz The hertz (symbol Hz) is the SI unit of frequency defined as the number of cycles per second of a periodic phenomenon. One of its most common uses is the description of the sine wave, particularly those used in radio and audio applications, such as the frequency of musical tones. The word "hertz" is named for Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, who was the first to conclusively prove the existence of electromagnetic waves. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
HTTP acronyms Web HTTP The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hyphen Typography Hyphen The hyphen (‐) is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. The hyphen should not be confused with dashes (‒, –, —, ―), which are longer and have different uses, or with the minus sign (−) which is also longer. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
ICO .ico format File Extension ICO The ICO file format is an image file format for computer icons in Microsoft Windows. ICO files contain one or more small images at multiple sizes and color depths, such that they may be scaled appropriately. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
ISBN acronyms General ISBN The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier based upon the 9-digit Standard Book Numbering (SBN) code created by Gordon Foster, Emeritus Professor of Statistics at Trinity College, Dublin, for the booksellers and stationers W. H. Smith and others in 1965. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Internet fundamental Web Internet The Internet (or internet) is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks, of local to global scope, that are linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the infrastructure to support email. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
IP acronyms Web IP The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet Protocol Suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. This function of routing network packets enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
TCP/IP acronyms Web TCP/IP The Internet protocol suite is the set of communications protocols used for the Internet and similar networks, and generally the most popular protocol stack for wide area networks. It is commonly known as TCP/IP, because of its most important protocols: Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and Internet Protocol (IP), which were the first networking protocols defined in this standard. It is occasionally known as the DoD model due to the foundational influence of the ARPANET in the 1970s. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Kilobyte kb Computing Kilobyte The kilobyte (symbol: kB) is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information. Although the prefix kilo- means 1000, the term kilobyte and symbol kB have historically been used to refer to either 1024 (210) bytes or 1000 (103) bytes, dependent upon context Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Law of Closure prägnanz pragnanz Concept Law of Closure The law of closure is a gestalt law of grouping which states that individuals perceive objects such as shapes, letters, pictures, etc., as being whole when they are not complete. Specifically, when parts of a whole picture are missing, our perception fills in the visual gap. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Law of Common Fate prägnanz pragnanz Concept Law of Common Fate The law of common fate is a gestalt law of grouping which states that objects are perceived as lines that move along the smoothest path. Experiments using the visual sensory modality found that movement of elements of an object produce paths individuals perceive objects to be on. We perceive elements of objects to have trends of motion, which indicate the path that the object is on. The law of continuity implies the grouping together of objects that have the same trend of motion and are therefore on the same path. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Law of Continuity prägnanz pragnanz Concept Law of Continuity The law of continuity is a gestalt law of grouping which states that elements of objects tend to be grouped together, and therefore integrated into perceptual wholes if they are aligned within an object. In cases where there is an intersection between objects, individuals tend to perceive the two objects as two single uninterrupted entities. Stimuli remain distinct even with overlap. We are less likely to group elements with sharp abrupt directional changes as being one object. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Law of Proximity prägnanz pragnanz Concept Law of Proximity The law of proximity is a gestalt law of grouping which states that when an individual perceives an assortment of objects they perceive objects that are close to each other as forming a group. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Law of Similarity prägnanz pragnanz Concept Law of Similarity The law of similarity is a gestalt law of grouping which states that elements within an assortment of objects will be perceptually grouped together if they are similar to each other. This similarity can occur in the form of shape, colour, shading or other qualities. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Law of Symmetry prägnanz pragnanz Concept Law of Symmetry The law of symmetry is a gestalt law of grouping which states that the mind perceives objects as being symmetrical and forming around a center point. It is perceptually pleasing to be able to divide objects into an even number of symmetrical parts. Therefore, when two symmetrical elements are unconnected the mind perceptually connects them to form a coherent shape. Similarities between symmetrical objects increase the likelihood that objects will be grouped to form a combined symmetrical object. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Mean Line meanline Typography Mean Line The mean line or midline is half the distance from the baseline to the cap height. This may or may not be the x-height. Principles of Typography Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Megabyte mb Computing Megabyte The megabyte (abbreviated as Mbyte or MB) is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information storage or transmission with three different values depending on context: 1048576 bytes (220) generally for computer memory; and one million bytes (106, see prefix mega-) generally for computer storage. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Meter metre length Unit Meter The meter, symbol m, is the fundamental unit of length in the International System of Units (SI). Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Millimeter length millimetre Unit Millimeter The millimetre (American spelling: millimeter; SI unit symbol mm; informal abbreviation: mil) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousandth of a metre, which is the SI base unit of length. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Resolution General Resolution The number of pixels per square inch (PPI) on a computer-generated display, or the number of dots per square inch (DPI) on a printed image. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
NLEA acronyms General NLEA The Nutrition Labeling and Education Act (NLEA) (Public Law 101-535) is a 1990 United States Federal law. It was signed into law on November 8, 1990 by the president. Documents specifications for creating nutrition facts for consistency. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Density Colour on-press Print Density The optical density of areas printed in color. This value is important when monitoring quality in printing processes and can be measured using special instruments. (See "Densitometer") Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
The Pareto Principle principal 80/20 8020 Concept The Pareto Principle The Pareto principle (also known as the 80-20 rule, the law of the vital few, and the principle of factor sparsity) states that, for many events, roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Apex anatomy Typography Apex The point at the top of a character such as the uppercase A where the left and right strokes meet is the apex. The apex may be a sharp point, blunt, or rounded and is an identifying feature for some typefaces. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Proof General Proof The primary goal of 'proofing' is to serve as a tool for customer verification that the entire job is accurate. Prepress proofing (also known as off-press proofing) is a cost effective way of providing a visual copy without the expense of creating a Press Proof. If errors are found during the printing process on press it can prove very costly to one or both parties involved. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Prime Marks double prime Typography Prime Marks The prime symbol ( ′ ), double prime symbol ( ″ ), and triple prime symbol ( ‴ ), etc., are used to designate several different units, and for various other purposes in mathematics, the sciences, linguistics and music. The prime symbol should not be confused with the apostrophe, single quotation mark, acute accent or grave accent Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Scale Concept Scale The real, apparent size of an object seen in relation to other objects, people, its environment, or the proportions of the picture plane. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Recto Verso prepress on-press Print Recto/Verso The recto and verso are respectively the "front" and "back" sides of a leaf of paper in a bound item such as a codex, book, broadsheet, or pamphlet. In languages written from left to right (such as English) the recto is the right-hand page and the verso the left-hand page. These are terms of art in the binding, printing, and publishing industries, and can be applied more broadly to any field where physical documents are exchanged. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Repetition and Rhythm Concept Repetition and Rhythm The recurrence of a design element coupled with a certain order to the repetition. Provides continuity, flow, direction forces etc. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Registered Typography Registered The registered trademark symbol, designated by ® (the circled capital letter "R"), is a symbol used to provide notice that the preceding mark is a trademark or service mark that has been registered with a national trademark office. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
RGB Color Colour acronyms fundamental Color Mode RGB The RGB color model is an additive color model in which red, green, and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors. The name of the model comes from the initials of the three additive primary colors, red, green, and blue. 0to255 Color Tool Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Rule of Thirds Concept Rule of Thirds The rule of thirds is a guideline which applies to the process of composing visual images such as paintings, photographs and designs. The guideline proposes that an image should be imagined as divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines, and that important compositional elements should be placed along these lines or their intersections. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Bears on-press Print Bears The sides of the die where the pressure is placed. Material may not go into this area. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Proportion Concept Proportion The size relationship of parts to the entire work, and each to the other. Very often associated with figural art. See also: aspect ratio. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Bracket anatomy Typography Bracket The small corner formed by a serif, whether rounded or angular, is called the serif bracket. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Flexbox Programming Flexbox The specification describes a CSS box model optimized for user interface design. In the flex layout model, the children of a flex container can be laid out in any direction, and can "flex" their sizes, either growing to fill unused space or shrinking to avoid overflowing the parent. Both horizontal and vertical alignment of the children can be easily manipulated. Nesting of these boxes (horizontal inside vertical, or vertical inside horizontal) can be used to build layouts in two dimensions. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Split-complementary Color Theory Split-Complementary The split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the complementary color scheme. In addition to the base color, it uses two colors adjacent to its complement. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Square Color Theory Square The square color scheme is similar to the tetradic, but with all four colors evenly spaced around the color wheel. Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Die Line prepress Print Die Line The stroke in Illustrator typically represented in pink at 0.5pt to represent where the die will cut the label. (See also "Holdback" and "Bleed") Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Target html Programming Target The target attribute specifies where to open the linked document. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Terabyte terrabyte tb Computing Terabyte The terabyte is a multiple of the unit byte digital information. The prefix tera means 1012 in the International System of Units (SI), and therefore 1 terabyte is 1000000000000 bytes, or 1 trillion (short scale) bytes, or 1000 gigabytes. 1 terabyte in binary prefixes is 0.9095 tebibytes, or 931.32 gibibytes. The unit symbol for the terabyte is TB or TByte. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Delta E ∆E ∆ on-press Print Delta E The term Delta E or ∆E is used to describe color differences in the CIELAB color space. The term stems from the greek letter delta which is used in science to denote difference. The E stands Empfindung, a german wording meaning feeling. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Knock Out prepress on-press fundamental Print Knock Out The term knockout is also used to refer to "white type" or, in other words, type which prints as a reverse, or, in fact, doesn't really print at all, allowing the color of the page to show through a background in the shape of type. Sometimes pelled as two words, knock out, or with a hyphen, knock-out. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Metadata Programming Metadata The term metadata is ambiguous, as it is used for two fundamentally different concepts (types). Although the expression "data about data" is often used, it does not apply to both in the same way. Structural metadata, the design and specification of data structures, cannot be about the data, because at design time the application contains no data. In this case the correct description would be "data about the containers of data". Descriptive metadata, on the other hand, is about individual instances of application data, the data content. In this case, a useful description (resulting in a disambiguating neologism) would be "data about data content" or "content about content" thus metacontent. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Field Size Photography Field Size The term shot is often incorrectly applied to the field size of an image which at times is also incorrectly referred to as framing. The field size defines how much of the subject and its surrounding area is visible within the camera's field of view, and is determined by two factors: Camera-to-subject distance and focal length of a lens. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Finial anatomy Typography Finial The terminal, which is any stroke that does not end in a Serif but with a tapered or curved end. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Terminal anatomy Typography Terminal The terminals (ends) of instrokes and outstrokes often end in serifs in a serif font. A serifed or unserifed terminal may be described as a wedge, bulbous, teardrop, etc., depending on the design of the type. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tetrad double complementary Color Theory Tetrad (Double Complementary) The tetradic or double complementary color scheme uses four colors arranged into two complementary pairs. Tutorial Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Triad Color Colour Color Theory Triad The triad color scheme is three colors on the color wheel in an equilateral triangle. Kuler by Adobe Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
UPC bar code acronyms prepress on-press Print UPC The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology (i.e., a specific type of barcode) that is widely used for tracking trade items in stores. Its most common form, the UPC-A, consists of 12 numerical digits, which are uniquely assigned to each trade item. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Retina Vision Retina The vertebrate retina is a light-sensitive layer of tissue, lining the inner surface of the eye. The optics of the eye create an image of the visual world on the retina, which serves much the same function as the film in a camera. Light striking the retina initiates a cascade of chemical and electrical events that ultimately trigger nerve impulses. These are sent to various visual centres of the brain through the fibres of the optic nerve. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Ear anatomy Typography Ear The very short stroke at the top of the g is called the ear. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Spoilage on-press Print Spoilage The waste or wrecking of inventory beyond what is expected in normal business processes. Abnormal spoilage can be the result of broken machinery or from inefficient operations, and is considered to be at least partially preventable. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
WWW world wide web acronyms fundamental Web WWW The World Wide Web (abbreviated as WWW or W3, commonly known as the Web), is a system of interlinked hypertext documents accessed via the Internet. With a web browser, one can view web pages that may contain text, images, videos, and other multimedia, and navigate between them via hyperlinks. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
X-Height anatomy fundamental Typography X-Height The x-height or corpus size refers to the distance between the baseline and the mean line in a typeface. Typically, this is the height of the letter x in the font (the source of the term), as well as the u, v, w, and z. Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Yottabyte yb information Computing Yottabyte The yottabyte (derived from the SI prefix yotta-) is a unit of information or computer storage equal to one septillion (one long scale quadrillion or 1024) bytes (one quadrillion gigabytes). The unit symbol for the yottabyte is YB. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hanging Indent Typography Hanging Indent There are two main types of first-line indent: normal and hanging. A hanging indent, indents the rest of the text while leaving the first line in place. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Meniscus on-press Print Meniscus This term describes the interface of a liquid to its container. It is caused by the degree of attraction a liquid has to the material of the container. The surface tension of the liquid is the major contributor to the shape and stability of this interface. The meniscus is created via a balance between the pressure and vacuum in the Jetrion ink system at the nozzles of the printheads. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Selection Tool Illustrator Selection Tool This tool is the workhorse of the selection tools. This is the tool you will use to select entire objects for moving or editing. To select an entire object, if the object does not have a fill color, use the selection tool to click on the border (path) of the object. If the object does have a fill color assigned to it, simply click anywhere on the object. Selection Tools Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
MSI 2 on-press Print MSI Thousand Square Inches Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Thumbnail General Thumbnail Thumbnails are reduced-size versions of pictures, used to help in recognizing and organizing them, serving the same role for images as a normal text index does for words. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
TIFF .tiff acronyms format File Extension TIFF TIFF ("Tagged Image File Format") is a file format for storing images, popular among graphic artists, photographers, and the publishing industry. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Time Lapse stop motion undercranking Photography Time Lapse Time-lapse photography is a technique whereby the frequency at which film frames are captured (the frame rate) is much lower than that used to view the sequence. When played at normal speed, time appears to be moving faster and thus lapsing. For example, an image of a scene may be captured once every second, then played back at 30 frames per second. The result is an apparent 30-times speed increase. Time-lapse photography can be considered the opposite of high speed photography or slow motion. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Impressions analytics Web Impressions times your ad is shown Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tittle anatomy Typography Tittle Tittle is the name given to the dot above the lowercase "j" and "i." Principles of Typography Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Drawdown on-press Print Drawdown To make sure you are not surprised by the appearance of a particular ink on a particular paper, you can ask your printer for an "ink drawdown." The printer produces a drawdown by mixing your chosen ink and spreading a little on your chosen paper using a putty knife. While this thin film of ink won't show you how text or screens of the color will look, it will at least give you a general idea of the final appearance of your printed piece. This can be particularly helpful when you consider that many printing inks are transparent and are therefore dramatically altered by the paper color. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
HDR Toning Photoshop HDR Toning Tone mapping is a technique used in image processing and computer graphics to map one set of colors to another in order to approximate the appearance of high dynamic range images in a medium that has a more limited dynamic range. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
SSL acronyms Programming SSL Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide communication security over the Internet. TLS and SSL encrypt the segments of network connections at the Application Layer for the Transport Layer, using asymmetric cryptography for key exchange, symmetric encryption for confidentiality, and message authentication codes for message integrity. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
TLS acronyms Programming TLS Transport Layer Security (TLS) and its predecessor, Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), are cryptographic protocols that provide communication security over the Internet. TLS and SSL encrypt the segments of network connections at the Application Layer for the Transport Layer, using asymmetric cryptography for key exchange, symmetric encryption for confidentiality, and message authentication codes for message integrity. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Trapping Color Colour prepress on-press Print Trapping Trapping is a term most commonly used in the prepress industry to describe the compensation for misregistration between printing units on a multicolor press. This misregistration causes unsightly gaps or white-space on the final printed work. Trapping involves creating overlaps (spreads) or underlaps (chokes) of objects during the print production process to eliminate misregistration on the press. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Ubuntu Computing Ubuntu Ubuntu is a computer operating system based on the Debian Linux distribution and distributed as free and open source software, using its own desktop environment. It is named after the Southern African philosophy of ubuntu ("humanity towards others") or another translation would be: "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity". Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Uncial gaelic Typography Uncial Uncial is a majuscule script (written entirely in capital letters) commonly used from the 3rd to 8th centuries AD by Latin and Greek scribes. Uncial letters were used to write Greek, Latin, and Gothic. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Unix Computing Unix Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix in small caps) is a multitasking, multi-user computer operating system originally developed in 1969 by a group of AT&T employees at Bell Labs, including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Brian Kernighan, Douglas McIlroy, Michael Lesk and Joe Ossanna. The Unix operating system was first developed in assembly language, but by 1973 had been almost entirely recoded in C, greatly facilitating its further development and porting to other hardware. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Upload Web Upload Uploading can refer to the sending of data from a local system to a remote system such as a server or another client with the intent that the remote system should store a copy of the data being transferred, or the initiation of such a process. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Redirect 301 302 Permanent Temporary Programming Redirect URL redirection, also called URL forwarding, is a World Wide Web technique for making a web page available under more than one URL address. When a web browser attempts to open a URL that has been redirected, a page with a different URL is opened. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Plate Cylinder on-press Print Plate Cylinder Used to mount plates for flexo presses. Measurements of the plate cylinders are still used for Jetrion printing, however, physical plate cylinders themselves are not. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Cure dry on-press Print Cure UV-curable inks are cured using ultraviolet radiation in the 200-400 nm waveband of the electromagnetic spectrum. The process is started (initiated) by using a blend of photo-reactive (light-reactive) materials called photoinitiators. In the most commonly used chemistry, photoinitiators cleave to produce free radicals when exposed to UV light. The free radical species, now in an excited state, need to pass on this new energy. They search out other materials called acrylates that contain an unsaturated double bond, and together they propagate a polymer chain. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Varnish on-press Print Varnish Varnish is a transparent, hard, protective finish or film. Varnish is traditionally a combination of a drying oil, a resin, and a thinner or solvent. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Path General Path vector Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
VGA acronyms Computing VGA Video Graphics Array (VGA) refers specifically to the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987, but through its widespread adoption has also come to mean either an analog computer display standard, the 15-pin D-subminiature VGA connector or the 640×480 resolution itself. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Visual Hierarchy heirarchy view order fundamental Concept Visual Hierarchy Visual hierarchy is the order in which the human eye perceives what it sees. This order is created by the visual contrast between forms in a field of perception. Objects with highest contrast to their surroundings are recognized first by the human mind. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Analytics Web Analytics Web analytics is the measurement, collection, analysis and reporting of internet data for purposes of understanding and optimizing web usage. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
HEX fundamental Programming HEX Web colors are colors used in designing web pages, and the methods for describing and specifying those colors. Colors may be specified as a hexadecimal format (a hex triplet). 0to255 Color Tool Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
WebGL Programming WebGL WebGL (Web Graphics Library) is a JavaScript API for rendering interactive 3D graphics and 2D graphics within any compatible web browser without the use of plug-ins. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Webkit chrome safari layout engine Web Webkit WebKit is a layout engine software designed to allow web browsers to render web pages. WebKit powers the Apple Safari and Google Chrome browsers. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Websockets Programming WebSocket WebSocket is a web technology providing full-duplex communications channels over a single TCP connection. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Wet Trap Color Colour on-press Print Wet Trap Wet ink meeting up with other wet ink causes the colors to run into each other. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Crash Ink on-press Print Crash (Ink) When alcohol contacts ink, the ink is no longer usable due to a chemical reaction. Additionally, if the ink is in the system when it crashes, the whole ink system may be contaminated. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Index webserver directory index.html index.htm index.php Programming Index When an HTTP client (generally a Web browser) requests a URL that points to a directory structure instead of an actual Web page within the directory, the Web server will generally serve a general page, which is often referred to as a main or "index" page. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Residual Image on-press Print Residual Image When part of an image from a previous job shows up on the current job. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Distortion prepress Print Distortion When plates are wrapped around a cylinder, the repeat dimension will actually increase, so the image must be shrunk or "Distorted" to become the correct size when printed. The formula to calculate the distortion is: (Print Diameter - (2 x Soft Thickness)) / Print Diameter Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
BOPP bi-axially acronyms on-press Print BOPP When polypropylene film is extruded and stretched in both the machine direction and across machine direction it is called biaxially oriented polypropylene. Biaxial orientation increases strength and clarity. BOPP is widely used as a packaging material for packaging products such as snack foods, fresh produce and confectionery. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Key Print Key When printing color images by combining multiple colors of inks, the colored inks usually do not contain much image detail. The key plate, which is usually impressed using black ink, provides the lines and/or contrast of the image. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Bulb Mode Photography Bulb Mode When set to bulb, generally on the "M" or manual setting of the camera, the shutter will stay open as long as the shutter release button (or shutter release cable or remote) remains depressed. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stitch on-press Print Stitch Where the printheads meet in the center of the web. Can be disguised using the dither. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Negative Space white open clean design fundamental Concept Negative Space White space (also called ‘negative space’) is the portion of a page left “empty”. It’s the space between graphics, margins, gutters, space between columns, space between lines of type or visuals. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
WMA .wma acronyms format File Extension WMA Windows Media Audio (WMA) is an audio data compression technology developed by Microsoft. The name can be used to refer to its audio file format or its audio codecs. It is a proprietary technology that forms part of the Windows Media framework. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
WMV .wmv acronyms format File Extension WMV Windows Media Video (WMV) is a video compression format for several proprietary codecs developed by Microsoft. The original video format, known as WMV, was originally designed for Internet streaming applications, as a competitor to RealVideo. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Float Programming Float With CSS float, an element can be pushed to the left or right, allowing other elements to wrap around it. Float is very often used for images, but it is also useful when working with layouts. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Viewport Web Viewport With respect to web browsers, the viewport is the visible portion of the canvas. Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Wordpress CMS Web Wordpress WordPress is a free and open source blogging tool and a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. It has many features including a plug-in architecture and a template system. Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
XHTML acronyms Programming XHTML XHTML (Extensible HyperText Markup Language) is a family of XML markup languages that mirror or extend versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which web pages are written. Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
ZIP .zip archive compressed format File Extension ZIP Zip is a file format used for data compression and archiving. A zip file contains one or more files that have been compressed, to reduce file size, or stored as is. The zip file format permits a number of compression algorithms. The format was originally created in 1989 by Phil Katz, and was first implemented in PKWARE's PKZIP utility. Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Art Deco Movement X (xxxx-xxxx) Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Art Nouveau newvough newvou neauvou nouvaeu nuovaeu nouvough Movement Art Nouveau (xxxx-xxxx) Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Background bg General Background Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Balance Photography Balance Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Baseline fundamental Typography Baseline Principles of Typography Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Bevel and Emboss Blending Options Bevel & Emboss Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Bind on-press Print Bind Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Black and White Photoshop Black & White Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Blur Photoshop Blur Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Brake break on-press Print Brake Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Brightness/Contrast Photoshop Brightness/Contrast Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Brush paintbrush Photoshop Brush Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Bucket Web Bucket Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Campaign Web Campaign Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Canvas General Canvas Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Channel Mixer Photoshop Channel Mixer Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Chip Kidd Person Kidd, Chip Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Balance Colour Photoshop Color Balance Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Correction Colour General Color Correction Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Library Colour General Color Library Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color Lookup Colour Photoshop Color Lookup Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Color Overlay Colour Blending Options Color Overlay Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Color Palette Colour General Color Palette Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Color Picker Colour Photoshop Color Picker Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Color Space Colour General Color Space Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Compound Colors Colours Color Theory Compound Colors Kuler by Adobe Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Condensed Typography Condensed Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Contour Typography Contour Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Cubism Movement Cubism (xxxx-xxxx) Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Curves Photoshop Curves Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Die on-press Print Die Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Distort Photoshop Distort Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Distribute Photoshop Distribute Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Drop Shadow Blending Options Drop Shadow Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Ellipse convert to shape effects Illustrator Ellipse Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Embedded Images links Illustrator Embedded Images Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Emulsion prepress on-press Print Emulsion Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Encryption Web Encryption Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Equalize Photoshop Equalize Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Eraser Photoshop Eraser Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Export General Export Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Exposure Photoshop Exposure Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Eyedropper color colour picker General Eyedropper Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Face Typography Face Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Fill opacity Photoshop Fill Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Filter General Filter Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Flash adobe application creative suite Application Flash Tutorials Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Flood Coating on-press Print Flood Coating Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Floor prepress on-press Print Floor Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Font Style Typography Font Style Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Foreground General Foreground Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Form Programming Form Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Format General Format Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Fraktur blackletter Typography Fraktur Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Gaelic Type Typography Gaelic Type Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
George Lois Person Lois, George Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Gradient Map Photoshop Gradient Map Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Gradient Overlay Blending Options Gradient Overlay Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Guides General Guides Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hand Photoshop Hand Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Healing Brush Photoshop Healing Brush Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Herbert Matter Person Matter, Herbert Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hints Typography Hints Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
History Brush Photoshop History Brush Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Hits analytics Web Hits Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Holdback prepress Print Holdback Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Hood Collar Lens Shade Photography Lens Hood Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Hue/Saturation Photoshop Hue/Saturation Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Illustrator adobe application creative suite Application Illustrator Tutorials Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Impressionism Movement Impressionism (xxxx-xxxx) Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Inboard Gear Side Machine Side Inside on-press Print Inboard/Gear Side/Machine Side/Inside Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
InDesign adobe application creative suite Application InDesign Tutorials Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Inner Glow Blending Options Inner Glow Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Inner Shadow Blending Options Inner Shadow Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Inspection on-press Print Inspection Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Invert Photoshop Invert Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Jog on-press Print Jog Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Laminate on-press Print Laminate Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Lasso Photoshop Lasso Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Layers fundamental General Layers Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Layout General Layout Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Lens Photography Lens Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Levels Photoshop Levels Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Line Segment Tool Illustrator Line Segment Tool Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Line Weight General Line Weight Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Linear Print Liner Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Link anatomy Typography Link Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Linked Image fundamental Illustrator Linked Image Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Logo Branding Logo Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Logotype Branding Logotype Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Long Exposure Photography Long Exposure Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Lucian Bernhard Person Bernhard, Lucian Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Ludwig Hohlwein Person Hohlwein, Ludwig Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Luminosity General Luminosity Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Macintosh apple osx operating system Computing Macintosh Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Magic Wand General Magic Wand Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Majuscule capital upper case Typography Majuscule Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Manual Mode Photography Manual Mode Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Manuscript General Manuscript Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Margin General Margin Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Marquee rectangular circular Photoshop Marquee Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Master Page fundamental InDesign Master Page Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Match Color Colour Photoshop Match Color Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Matrix on-press Print Matrix Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Memory Card Computing Memory Card Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Midtones General Midtones Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Milton Glaser Person Glaser, Milton Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Mobile Computing Mobile Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Modem Web Modem Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Movable Type Typography Movable Type Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Move Tool black arrow Photoshop Move Tool Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Multichannel Colour Color Mode Multichannel Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Neck anatomy Typography Neck Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Nesting Programming Nesting Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Netbook Computing Netbook Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Noise General Noise Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Non-Printing prepress Print Non-Printing Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Object General Object Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Oblique Typography Oblique Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Offset on-press Print Offset Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Opacity transparency opaque alpha Photoshop Opacity Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Opaque opacity transparency alpha General Opaque Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Outboard/Operator Side/Outside on-press Print Outboard/Operator Side/Outside Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Outer Glow Blending Options Outer Glow Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Outline Text General Outline Text Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Padding Programming Padding Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Pageviews analytics Web Pageviews Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pagination prepress on-press Print Pagination Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Palette Photoshop Palette Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Path Programming Path Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pattern Overlay Blending Options Pattern Overlay Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Paul Rand Person Rand, Paul Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Paula Scher Person Scher, Paula Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pen Photoshop Pen Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Pencil Photoshop Pencil Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Perforation on-press Print Perforation Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Perspective Photoshop Perpective Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Peter Behrens Person Behrens, Peter Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Photo Filter Photoshop Photo Filter Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Photomerge Photoshop Photomerge Tutorial Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Pinholes on-press Print Pinholes Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Plakatstil Movement Plakatstil (xxxx-xxxx) Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Pop Art Movement Pop Art (xxxx-xxxx) Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Posterize Photoshop Posterize Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Pupil Vision Pupil Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Quick Mask Photoshop Quick Mask Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Raised Cap Typography Raised Cap Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rasterize effects Illustrator Rasterize Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Raymond Loewy Person Loewy, Raymond Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Realism Movement Realism (xxxx-xxxx) Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Ream on-press Print Ream Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Rectangle convert to shape effects Illustrator Rectangle Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Replace Color Colour Photoshop Replace Color Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Resources Web Resources Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Reverse prepress on-press Print Reverse Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Rewind on-press Print Rewind Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rosette prepress on-press Print Rosette Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Rotate counter clockwise General Rotate Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Rotunda blackletter Typography Rotunda Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Rounded Rectangle convert to shape effects Illustrator Rounded Rectangle Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Rulers General Rulers Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Satin Blending Options Satin Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Saul Bass Person Bass, Saul Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Schwabacher blackletter Typography Schwabacher Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Screenprinting Print Screenprinting Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Script Typography Script Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Selection General Selection Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Selective Color Colour Photoshop Selective Color Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Selective Focus Photography Selective Focus Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Separations Preview color colour cmyk Illustrator Separations Preview Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Shadows/Highlights Photoshop Shadows/Highlights Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Shape Tools Photoshop Shape Tools Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Sharpen Photoshop Sharpen Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Signature Branding Signature Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Skew Photoshop Skew Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Slice General Slice Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Smudge Photoshop Smudge Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Social media Web Social Media Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Soft Copy Computing Soft Copy Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Source fundamental Web Source Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Spider Web Spider Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Sponge Photoshop Sponge Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Spot Color Colour prepress on-press fundamental Print Spot Color Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Spot Varnish prepress on-press Print Spot Varnish Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stabilizer Photography Stabilizer Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Standard Ligatures Typography Standard Ligatures Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Storyboard General Storyboard Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Strip on-press Print Strip (Press) Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Stripping prepress Print Stripping (Prepress) Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Stroke Blending Options Stroke Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Stroke Typography Stroke Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Surrealism Movement Surrealism (xxxx-xxxx) Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Telephoto Photography Telephoto Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Tension on-press Print Tension Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Ternary Operator terinary Programming Ternary Operator Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Tertiary Colors Colour Color Theory Tertiary Colors Tutorial Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Threshold Photoshop Threshold Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Tint General Tint Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Tint Sleeve on-press Print Tint Sleeve Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Tolerance General Tolerance Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Transform General Transform Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Transitional roman Typography Transitional Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
True Type Typography True Type Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Type Photoshop Type Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Type Guage on-press Print Type Gauge Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Unwind on-press Print Unwind Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Value General Value Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Vibrance Photoshop Vibrance Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Viewfinder Photography Viewfinder Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
Vignette Photography Vignette Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Visits analytics Web Visits Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Warp Photoshop Warp Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Watermark prepress on-press Print Watermark Definitions compiled by Gearside Creative.
Wide Angle Lens Photography Wide Angle Lens Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
WiFi Computing WiFi Definitions compiled by Chris Blakley
William Golden Person Golden, William Find the original at gearsidecreative.com
Workspace Adobe Workspace Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com
Zoom General Zoom Terms compiled at gearsidecreative.com